ECHO West Africa Notes






  1. 2018-01-03 Techniques de production avicole traditionnelle epublication:Options de restauration des sols improductifsetOptions où l'eau est rare





  2. 2017-08-01 Foundations For Farming, an alternative for small-scale farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa How to prepare compost in 3 weeks? The preparation of organic liquid fertilizer eBook Release:Fundamentals of Agricultural Development epublication

ECHO Development Notes (EDN)






  1. 2017-10-23 Insects for Food and Feed Resilient Bamboo Invitation to LEAD Asia Web-Based Talk Echoes from our Network: Living Fence Advice from Roy Danforth From ECHO's Seed Bank: Tamarind, a Tart Addition for the Home Garden eBook Releases: Options for Coping with Crop or Animal Pests, Seed Saving and...







  2. Rating: 4.0 - 1 Vote
    2017-07-17 Crop monitoring for early detection of insect pests A mystery lychee-related illness is solved Do all parts of a chaya plant contain hydrocyanic acid? Echoes from our Network: Women and Agriculture response from SaraDelaney on Farming as a Family Business From ECHO's Seed Bank: Are my seeds dry...





  3. 2017-04-12 Biofortified crops: What are they, how do they work and why should we grow them? The cheers and challenges of Conservation Agriculture programs Echoes from our Network:Woman and Agriculture feedback from Joel Matthews From ECHO's Seed Bank: Gac - A colorful and health-promoting fruit eBook...





  4. 2017-01-16 Women in Agriculture ECHO International Agricultre Conference 2016 Topic Summaries From ECHO's Seed Bank: Tithonia for green manure eBook Release:Fundamentals of Agricultural Development epublication





  5. 2016-10-18 Bamboo A "2:4:2" Maize/Legume Intercropping Pattern Paper Mulberry: A Complicated Agroforestry Resource Echoes from our Network: Stinging chaya,fruits for high rainfall areas and exotic leaf miner problem in Nigerian tomatoes Book Review:Handbook for Integrated Soil Fertility Management Website...
42 more ECHO Development Notes (EDN)

ECHO Technical Notes






  1. 2017-06-06 A version of this material first appeared in EDN 134. Gender dynamics in relation to agriculture is a big topic, and one we had not previously written about in EDN. In recent years, widespread attention has been paid to the disparity that often exists between men and women when it comes to...





  2. 2016-08-17 Farmers and gardeners in semi-arid and arid regions of the world face two associated but separate problems, which limit the crops they can grow and the yield of these crops. The underlying problem is lack of rainfall needed for growing plants. The second is accumulation of salts in the root zone....





  3. 2016-02-05 Until recently, firewood was taken for granted in northern Thailand. With vast forests full of many types of trees, upland households could afford to be choosy concerning the wood they used for cooking. However, in recent years, more and more communities are facing restricted access to forest...





  4. 2015-09-21 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is a method of raising rice that produces substantially higher yields with the planting of far fewer seedlings and the use of fewer inputs than either traditional methods (i.e., flooding) or more “modern” methods (using mineral fertilizer or...





  5. 2015-02-16 Tropical root and tuber crops are consumed as staples in parts of the tropics and should be considered for their potential to produce impressive yields in small spaces. They provide valuable options for producing food under challenging growing conditions. Cassava and taro, for instance, are...
24 more ECHO Technical Notes

ECHO Best Practice Notes








  1. Rating: 5.0 - 1 Vote
    2017-05-26 By integrating legumes into cropping systems, small-scale farmers in low-resource settings can invest in the long-term health and resilience of their soils. Success or failure depends largely on choosing the right legume(s). With that in mind, this document presents insights on legume selection...





  2. 2016-09-28 Farmers in many parts of the world, because of human population growth, have little choice but to crop their land continuously, with scarce resources to replace nutrients withdrawn by each successive crop. Crop residues are often lost as a source of organic matter and mulch, usually through...





  3. 2016-03-22 Yearly production of grains, pulses, and vegetables depends on a reliable supply of quality seed. This is true for the farmer growing a crop to feed their family as well as for the agricultural worker evaluating and growing out seeds of a new crop species or variety that could improve lives. In...





  4. 2014-04-01 ECHO frequently receives questions from members of our network, asking how available land could be used to grow food and/or create income to augment an otherwise non-agricultural project. Broadly speaking, they are asking how to begin an institutional agriculture project—a coordinated agriculture...





  5. 2012-11-14 The UNCCD estimates that over 250 million people are affected by land degradation, and about 1 billion people in over 100 countries are at risk. According to the WMO, 33% of the world’s land surface is vulnerable to land degradation.Degraded lands lead to overall reduced productivity and reduced...

ECHO Summaries






  1. 2015-08-05 Good intentions and viable solutions will have little impact unless we engage with farmers in ways that are meaningful to them. Farmers put a great deal of confidence in what they learn from fellow farmers’ experiences, and they are more likely to trust what they see over what they hear....





  2. 2015-07-14 Workshops are an often-used and effective tool that extension workers can use to teach new skills to groups of farmers. This document, drawn from the USAID/MEAS Technical Note on Presenting Workshops to Adults, explains how a workshop setting differs from that of a classroom/teaching setting, and...





  3. 2015-05-19 A participatory learning approach, applied at each stage of a community development project, is crucial to reaching the level of stakeholder involvement needed for lasting, positive change. The use of participatory survey and planning methods in the development process encourages community...





  4. 2015-05-01 This article draws from the MEAS Brief # 2 Reducing the Gender Gap in Agricultural Extension and Advisory Services: How to Find the Best Fit for Men and Women Farmers. Many of the gender-related topics and lessons discussed in the MEAS Brief also apply to the transfer of knowledge and resources...





  5. 2015-04-30 This document draws from the MEAS brief #3Adaptation under the New Normal of Climate Change: The Future of Agricultural Extension and Advisory Services. Written for extension and advisory service providers, the MEAS brief contains insights helpful to practitioners working to develop strategies...
1 more ECHO Summaries

Books






  1. Cette publication est le chapitre 1 de livre Options Agricoles pour les Agriculteurs de Petite Echelle est un livre rempli d'options pratiques pour ceux qui travaillent pour aider les petits agriculteurs et les jardiniers urbains dans les régions tropicales et subtropicales, dont beaucoup ont du...



  2. 2013-01-01 Ces directives donnent une vue d’ensemble des bonnes pratiques éprouvées de collecte de l’eau dans le monde entier. Celles-ci constituent un guide de référence pratique tout en offrant un support et une expertise technique spécifique pour l’intégration des technologies de collecte de l’eau dans...





  3. The FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) has put together a guide about intensifying crop production in sustainable ways. The guide’s overview states, “The ‘Save and Grow’ model of crop production intensification, proposed by FAO, aims at increasing both yields and...
7 more books





  1. The World Vegetable Center, as the name implies, focuses on vegetables to reduce poverty and malnutrition. Their website has numerous, helpful resources and publications. Among them are videos on how to save vegetable seed. They cover amaranth, eggplant, nightshade (see EDN 103), pumpkin and...





  2. The AGORA programme, set up by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) together with major publishers, enables developing countries to gain access to an outstanding digital library collection in the fields of food, agriculture, environmental science and related social sciences....





  3. The Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) is a joint international institution of the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States and the European Union (EU). Our mission is to advance food and nutritional security, increase prosperity and encourage sound natural...
117 more links

Presentations




  1. 2016-09-27 «De l’agriculture familiale à l’agrobusiness: la transition est-elle possible? Quel avenir pour les agricultures d’Afrique de l’Ouest?» L’agrobusiness et l’exploitation agricole familiale vont de pair. Ces deux approches ne sont plus exclusives. Elles ne sont pas concurrentes ni au niveau des...





  2. 2015-01-28 Le développement fait penser à un changement, une amélioration, un progrès, une évolution, etc. C’est le fait d’aller d’une situation A à une situation B de sorte que la seconde soit meilleure.





  3. 2015-01-28 Brian Oldreive, un ancien fermier zimbabwéen, a créé Foundations for Farming (FFF, Fondements pour l’agriculture), un système de culture du maïs et d’autres plantes sans labour. La méthode encourage la fidélité à tout ce que Dieu nous a donné – le soleil, le sol, la pluie, le temps, les graines...
20 more presentations

Plant Information Sheets

  1. Grown throughout Central and South America as a pioneer species for rebuilding degraded soils. Acacia angustissima grows as a thornless shrub or small tree to an average of 2-7 mtall with a single short trunk. It is a legume, capable of fixing nitrogen in nodules on its roots if the appropriate...
  2. Most Edible Acacia seed species are from northern semi-arid regions of Australia and range from medium-sized trees to large, multi-stemmed bushes. Several Edible Acacia species have been successfully introduced into African semi-arid regions like Niger and Senegal. A. colei has excelled in acacia...
  3. Acacia mangium is native to Australia, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. It is a low-elevation tree species associated with rain forest margins and disturbed, well-drained acid soils. Acacia mangium is one of the major fast growing leguminous species used in plantation forestry programs throughout...
31 more plant information sheets