ECHOcommunity Updates

Green Manure / Cover Crop Resources 2019-06-13

With the release of Roland Bunch's second edition of Restoring the Soil we have been having a lot of conversations about green manures and cover crops. Even regular users of ECHOcommunity may not be aware of some of the amazing resources that have been generated on this subject over the years.

Green manure cover crops (gmcc) are rapidly growing crops that cover and protect the soil. They are left on the soil surface as mulch or plowed under to enrich soil organic matter content. Legumes are prioritized for their ability to source atmospheric nitrogen through symbiosis with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.

In 2017 ECHO produced a Best Practice Note on Selecting Legumes as  Green Manure Cover Crops which ultimately led to the creation of an interactive GMCC Selection Tool.

If you know some basic information about your growing conditions (rain, temperature, altitude) you the GMCC Selection Tool can help you narrow down which of the GMCCs available in the ECHO seed banks might be most appropriate for your use. You can specify if you are looking for a specific growth habit (erect, climbing, etc.) and specific use-cases such as human or animal consumption. 

Additional resources:


ECHOcommunity Conversations has several ongoing discussions about GMCCs that you may find interesting. If you've got a qestion, this is a great place to ask!

About ECHOcommunity

ECHOcommunity is a membership community that provides access to nearly all of ECHO’s resources online, as well as communications tools to help development workers connect with each other.   View a list of features here.

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Upcoming events

Syntropic Farming Course
Sun, 23 June 2019 » Fri, 28 June 2019

Rancho Mastatal, Costa Rica

Syntropic Farming is a farming revolution grown out of Brazil and made famous by Ernst Gotsch and the Life in Syntropy short documentary. Syntropic Farming seeks to cultivate resilient ecosystems that are abundant, financially viable and heal abused land. It asks us, as stewards of the land to live in harmony with nature. It asks that we learn from nature through imitating natural processes in order to produce food. This results in abundant systems which grow healthy soils, sequester carbon, ...

Konferans Agrikòl Sid, Haiti Agriculture Conference (South) 2019
Mon, 24 June 2019 » Fri, 28 June 2019

HRM Mission, Haiti

We invite you to participate in a conference that would help strengthen connections amongst those working in the agricultural sector in Haiti and spend time learning from one another. The conference will take place June 24-28, 2019 at HRM Mission in La Baleine, South Department, Haiti. This conference is tailored to encourage conference delegates and presenters to connect and learn from each other’s successes and failures. There will be plenary sessions in the morning followed by workshops...

Haiti Agriculture Development Networking
Wed, 3 July 2019 » Wed, 3 July 2019

Haiti Communitere, Haiti

Join us on July 3rd, 2:00-5:00 PM at Haiti Communitere for this networking event to connect with colleagues working in agriculture development in Haiti and learn about each other's work, including brief presentations from representatives of Konferans Agrikol Sid, Hope Seeds and ECHO. Haiti Communitere is located at 19 Rue Pelican, Clercine 4, Port-au-Prince, across the street from Jedco, just down the road from Guy Malary Domestic Airport between the international airport and UN Logistics ...

Training in SRI (System of Rice Intensification) ขอเชิญเข้าร่วมอบรม “การปลูกข้าวต้นเดียว”
Fri, 12 July 2019 » Fri, 12 July 2019

ECHO Asia Small Farm Resource Center & Seed Bank, Thailand

  This event will include:  Interactive demonstration of SRI innovations Discussions on SRI principles including how to increase yields and decrease water usage Introduction to ECHO Asia  and Farm Tour of our new 20 rai farm! Training will be conducted in Thai & English.  The cost for this training is 200 thb and includes coffee break & lunch.  please email us at to register! วัน ศุกร์ ที่ 12 กรกฎาคม 2019 เวลา 09.00-17.00 น. ณ ศูนย์การเร...

Agroforestry: Designing for Impact
Mon, 15 July 2019 » Fri, 19 July 2019

ECHO Global Research and Demonstration Farm, USA

Agroforestry is the agricultural practice of combining the management of annual crops and/or animals with trees. Agroforestry systems, largely composed of perennial crops, offer the resilience needed to address extreme climatic issues such as drought and torrential rain, along with social and economic factors that influence agricultural production of small-scale farmers.   This five-day course will introduce students to key agroforestry concepts, allow them to see the various agroforestry ...

Latest Resources

Factors Affecting Compost Tea as a Potential Source of Escherichia coli and Salmonella on Fresh Produce

Abstract, Journal of Food Protection, 2007

Compost tea (CT) is an unheated on-farm infusion of compost used as a spray or soil drench to promote plant growth and control foliar and root diseases. Because food safet...

An Overview of the Benefits of Compost tea on Plant and Soil Structure

Abstract, Advances in Bioresearch, 2015 January

By mixing compost with water and culturing for a limited period, we can produce compost tea, either aerated compost tea or not. Non-aerated compost tea. Compost teas ...

Comparison of vermiwash and vermicompost tea properties produced from different organic beds under greenhouse conditions

Abstract, International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture, 2017


Using different organic beds to produce vermicompost may influence on quality of vermicompost and its derive...

Compost Tea

Development of an Intermittent Solar Dryer for Cocoa Beans

Abstract, Agricultural Engineering International, 2009

A solar dryer with thermal energy storage was developed for intermittent drying of cocoa beans. The prototype was built using readily available local materials...

Solar Drying

Often the biggest challenge faced by a tropical farmer is not in the production of a crop but rather in the preservation of the crop. Farmers may want to preserve a crop for future consumption or for sale at a time when the ...

Farming God's Way Trainer's Manual

Farming God's Way is an apostolic initiative for preaching the gospel, strengthening and planting churches and extending the Kingdom of God with an emphasis on sustainable agriculture as a model for life-transformation of in...

Farming God's Way Training Manual

Farming God's Way is an apostolic initiative for preaching the gospel, strengthening and planting churches and extending the Kingdom of God with an emphasis on sustainable agriculture as a model for life-transformation of in...

Food Composition Tables Recommended for use in the Philippines

This handbook was developed to meet the demands of researchers and scientists engaged in nutritional studies, dietitians, teachers, nutritionists, doctors and other public health workers, as well as students concerned with t...

Desertification: How people make deserts, how people can stop and why they don't

Desertification examines the reaons:  overcultivation, overgrazing, deforestation and bad irrigation.  The rich nations, the poor nations and the internation agencies know what needs to be done to stop cropland and pastures ...