About the Impact Center

ECHO Asia Ag Operations Manager, Boonsong, discusses production with local partner in Myanmar

 

EAN31

ECHO Asia Note #31

ECHO Asia, a regional extension arm of ECHO, exists to equip and empower workers in agriculture and community development so that they can be more effective in their work with smallholder farmers and the poor in Asia to improve food security and livelihoods.

We do this by providing free resources, information, training, and seeds to our network members residing in Asia.


Services Offered

  • ECHO Asia Notes and News- technical articles on a wide variety of topics as well as information on upcoming events and happenings in the network. We currently translate these articles into 7 other regional languages including Thai, Burmese, Vietnamese, Mandarin, Indonesian, Hindi and Khmer. All of these resources are available here on ECHOcommunity.org
  • Sharing of new ideas & information- we desire to “ECHO” and promote good agricultural practices happening in Asia!
  • Hosting Agriculture and Community Development events- we routinely host regional and country-wide workshops with organizational partners in order to offer context-relevant information in local languages.
  • Cultivating seeds and sharing seed banking techniques! We currently produce a catalog of nearly 175 seeds from the Chiang Mai Thailand Seed Bank- a continuously expanding seed inventory is available and for sale on ECHOcommunity.org. Our members qualify for 10 free seed packets per year!
  • Partnering with our network to print expanded resources for sale and in our resource library. We have nearly 60 books available at cost at the office and a resource library of nearly 850!
  • Offering technical responses to field questions from network.
  • Providing on-site consultations for organizations and individuals.

For more information please email us at echoasia@echonet.org

Visiting The Impact Center

Although we are not quite ready to receive daily visitors (our seed bank is in the process of moving from another location), we would love to talk to you about volunteering or interning with us!

Please contact our hospitality coordinators (asiahospitality@echonet.org), Caleb and Cayleigh if you would like to learn more about our internship opportunities!

Asia RIC Hospitality coordinator CalebAsia RIC Hospitality coordinator Cayleigh

Contact:

Daniela Riley, Office Manager

Email Address

echoasia@echonet.org

asiaseeds@echonet.org

Mailing Address

Office: PO Box 64, Chiang Mai 50000 Thailand

Seed Bank: PO Box 17, Fang 50110 Thailand

Physical Address

Office: 270/5 Tung Hotel Road Soi 6, T.Watget, A.Meung, Chiang Mai 50000 Thailand

Seed Bank: 121 M.8, T. Mae Na Wang, A.Mae Ai, Chiang Mai 50280 Thailand

Asia Impact Center Updates

The Value of a Seed: Growing a Network of Community Level Seed Banks in Asia 2018-09-20

By Patrick Trail (Agricultural Staff Member at ECHO Asia)

As an organization that seeks to equip people with agricultural resources and skills, we often find ourselves coming back to the seed. Again and again we witness the value of saving open-pollinated seeds, shedding light on locally adapted and underutilized plants of merit, and researching innovative low-cost seed storage technologies. These activities form the foundation of ECHO’s ability to empower others in their endeavors to improve food and agricultural systems around the world. 

Building on a longstanding history of seed bank operations, first in Florida, and now Asia and Africa, ECHO continues to expand its capacity for placing seeds into the hands of those in need. In 2009, with the establishment of Asia’s Regional Impact Center and Seed Bank, the first step was taken in an ongoing process to house seeds of regional merit and local importance on location. To date, ECHO’s first regional seedbank is striving to meet a growing demand for locally-adapted, open-pollinated seed from within our network, and its success attests to the wisdom of its establishment. Distributing over 4,600 trial seed packets in 2017, from a selection of 175 different varieties, the Asia Seed Bank serviced network partners in 29 countries, with seeds grown and produced right here in SE Asia!

In light of these achievements however, demand for more seeds has stretched our capacity to fulfill the needs of a massive Asian audience, thus requiring our own explorations for further growth. This, combined with a growing challenge of moving seeds across borders, tightening seeds laws, and continued debates over ownership of genetic materials, has forced us into thinking very intentionally to the future of our seed banking activities. These questions have pushed us to consider how we might continue to serve our network in this critical realm.

The Value of a Seed - Illustration 2ECHO’s Response

A two-pronged approach to the aforementioned challenges forms the basis of ECHO’s response and includes the (1) expansion of our ECHO Asia seed bank, and (2) the formation of a regional network of community level seed banks (CLSB’s).

This approach has recently been set in motion, and establishment of a new farm and seed bank is now underway. The recent procurement of new land on the outskirts of Chiang Mai (just 25 minutes from the main office) has allowed for the expansion from our existing seed bank operation in Mae Ai (located 4 hours from the main office), and the establishment of a Small Farm Resource Center (SFRC) to be used for training and research purposes. This new and ongoing endeavor allows for significant growth of seed production and the overall capacity of our regional seed bank to service the needs of our network. In addition to housing an expanded seed bank, this site will significantly bolster our capacity for additional agricultural demonstration, innovation, and verification of the practices we seek to share. 

The Value of a Seed - Illustration 3With the construction of a larger cold-storage room for seeds, increased acreage for seed production plots, and closer proximity to the city, this site will serve a critical function in supporting our regional network with a diverse variety of locally-adapted seeds. 

While this increased seed bank capacity will undoubtedly multiply the seeds we can grow and disseminate, we recognize the ongoing challenges of the movement of seeds regionally, and the need for additional local in-country alternatives. Therefore, serving as a regional hub, this new Asia seed bank will support an emerging network of community level seed banks (CLSB’s) located within countries of SE Asia and beyond. Thanks to the generous support of the Presbyterian Hunger Program, the Agroecology Learning Alliance of SE Asia (ALiSEA), the Stewardship Foundation, and generous individual givers, this network is beginning to grow and expand, one seedbank at a time.

ECHO Asia, serving in a directed training and capacity building role, and leveraging the efforts of partnering seed bank staff, will work to empower each CLSB to be adequately equipped to independently produce, store, and distribute seeds of local significance. Doing so successfully will result in (1) locally available seeds should access to our seeds become obstructed, (2) greater sharing of seeds of merit among the network, (3) safeguarding of varieties should disaster strike one seed bank or region, and (4) the slowing of crop biodiversity loss locally and regionally. 

A Network Grows Out of Myanmar

On a spectrum from developed and sophisticated to simple and appropriate, a seed bank can look very different depending on the context and its desired function. On ECHO’s Global Farm, we operate a seedbank equipped with an impressive walk-in cold-storage unit capable of precisely controlling temperature and humidity, suited for storing seeds for several years at a time. At our regional seed bank located in Thailand, we operate a less sophisticated seed storage room using a split unit air conditioning system, a ‘cool-bot’ sensor, and a spray-foam insulated room, designed to be more replicable and affordable for those within our network of partner organizations. Further still, for those on a lower budget and lacking access to the necessary technologies, and reliable electricity, we have had to explore, test, and experiment with other appropriate seed bank options for local communities within the region. These include earthbag building techniques and buried clay cisterns for temperature stabilization, bicycle vacuum sealing technologies, and locally available desiccant materials for drying down seeds.

To date, it has been a combination of the two latter options on the spectrum that have found their way to form a set of functioning seed banks on the ground. Working in Myanmar, in the Irrawaddy Delta region, alongside our partners in the Myanmar Baptist Convention, the initial stages of a seed bank network have begun. Beginning in 2017, several prospective seed bank managers were hosted in Thailand at the ECHO Asia seed bank and trained in all facets of establishing, operating, supplying, and maintaining a community level seed bank. Upon returning to their respective communities, the first seed banks of the network were established. The development of these local seed banks has been context-appropriate – each unique, community level seed bank using different combinations of innovative options offered by ECHO.

A Look Inside of a Community Level Seed Bank

The Value of a Seed - Illustration 4After spending two months learning the ins and outs of our seedbank operations in Thailand, two of these Managers, Saw Moo Pler and Naw Doris, national staff of the Pathein Myaugmya Association (PMA) in Myanmar, returned to the Kahelu Small Farm Resource Center where they work to establish their own community level seed bank, aimed at serving the surrounding communities with an alternative source of quality seeds. 

Applying the training received from seed bank staff in Thailand, a modest seed bank ‘cold room’ was constructed using earthbag building technology used to lower and stabilize temperature. Raised bed production plots have been planted for growing out seed and supplying the seed bank, and plans are in progress for using local partner farmers to grow out various seed varieties. It was at this site that ECHO Asia hosted a Seed Saving Workshop in January that brought in dozens of local farmers and national development workers, to train on site and learn about seed cleaning techniques, storage technologies, and seed biology. Just six months later, upon returning for a follow-up visit to Kahelu, our staff were amazed at the progress this seed bank had achieved. Their work exemplifies the power of a good partner who applies the principles they learn for the good of their local community. 

The Value of a Seed - Illustration 5Staff at the Kahelu Seed Bank have also taken on a research component, helping ECHO to verify and field test some of the practices we promote. A small regional experiment is underway to evaluate the storage conditions of earthbag seed banks, buried clay cisterns, and a hillside seed bunkers; all of which are comparing unsealed seeds and vacuum sealed seeds using a modified bicycle pumper vacuum sealer. This ‘disaggregated research’ is a critical piece in ECHO’s ability to provide up-to-date and sound options to our network.

Going Forward 

The Kahelu seed bank is one example of an emerging network of community level seed banks. It is joined by several additional sites in Myanmar, Cambodia, and the Philippines. Our hope is to continue to assist local organizations to establish, connect, and build the capacity of community level seed banks throughout the region. 

Meanwhile, ECHO Asia’s new regional Seed Bank and Small Farm Resource Center will increase our ability to train partners, demonstrate innovative options, and experiment with new low-cost techniques while fulfilling our mission to “follow Jesus by reducing hunger and improving lives worldwide through partnerships that equip people with agricultural resources and skills.”

The Value of a Seed - Illustration 6The Value of a Seed - Illustration 7

About Asia Impact Center

ECHO Asia Sabine w farmer
Technical advisor, Sabine, trains on fruits in Sri Lanka

Despite considerable economic gains over the past three decades, due to the region's vastness, its enormous population, as well as uneven economic growth, Asia remains home to two-thirds of the world's poor. Remaining challenges related to regional poverty and food insecurity include:

More than 600 million Asians live in absolute poverty (less than $1 a day) and 2/3 of the world’s hungry people live in Asia.

Although Asia's share of the global gross domestic product is expected to approach 42 percent by 2015, the region will still be home to half of the world's poor.

Growth in rice production, Asia's staple, has slowed and rice production areas are in decline.

Growing resource scarcity (i.e., water and arable land) will increasingly constrain food production growth.

Sources:

Asian leaders issue poverty warning, International Herald Tribune, May 4, 2008; Reducing Poverty and Hunger in Asia: The Role of Agriculture and Rural Development, Edited by Nurul Islam, International Food Policy Research Institute, 2008. World Hunger Statistics, World Food Programme. 2014.

ECHO Asia SFRC_1

The ECHO Asia Seed Bank is currently transitioning to a new site only 20 minutes outside of Chiang Mai! Production has already begun and construction of new facilities are well on their way! We look forward to hosting lots of training and visitors begining in 2019!

 

 

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