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The world needs to produce an estimated 60 percent more food by 2050 to ensure global food security, and it must do so while conserving and enhancing the natural resource base. Water is a major input in the provision of food – from production in the field through all the steps in the value chain. Water is also required to meet personal and household needs, for energy and industrial production, and to maintain important water-dependent ecosystems and ecosystem services. With demand and competition for water on the rise, however, the planet’s water resources are under increasing stress due to climate change, poor management and pollution. 

Agriculture holds the key to successfully achieving the objectives and aspirations articulated in the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement on climate change. It is also crucial to the livelihoods of hundreds of millions of smallholder farmers and rural communities worldwide.

Farmers must be at the centre of any process of change in agriculture. Through appropriate policies that provide incentives and ensure effective governance, farmers can be empowered to conserve biodiversity, protect ecosystems and minimize environmental impacts.

--  FAO


  1. Rating: 4.0 - 1 Vote
    2006-01-20 Solar Disinfection of Water (SODIS) is a way to disinfect water by using ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun to destroy harmful microorganisms.
  2. 2003-11-01 Inadequate drinking water and sanitation are amongst the world's major causes of preventable morbidity and mortality. This book provides a state-of-the-art review on approaches and methods used in assessing the microbial safety of drinking water. It supports the rapidly emerging trend towards...
  3. 2017-01-20 This publication is Chapter 3 of Agricultural Options for Small-Scale Farmers is a book filled with practical options for those working to assist small-holder farmers and urban gardeners in the tropics and subtropics, many of whom struggle to produce enough food to feed their families. How can we...
  4. 2000-02-01 Amazon.com Description This book provides a state-of-the-art review of practice in the collection of rainwater. It presents case studies with numerous examples from around the world which will help anyone intending to design or construct a rainwater catchment system. The prime focus of the book...
  5. 2016-08-12 The Biosand Filter Construction Manual describes what a biosand filter is and how it works. It also describes the steps to construct, install and monitor Version 10 biosand filters.
  6. 1992-03-01 Amazon.com Description Water is everywhere - its physics and chemistry, rain, evaporation, infiltration, underground, the intimate relationship between life and water, and other natural phenomena. Its effects and applications need to be understood: run-off, erosion, soil drainage and irrigation....
  7. 1997-01-01 Amazon.com Description There can be no life without water. While at the same time water has been a factor behind terrorism in Punjab, it has driven Tamil Nadu and Karnataka to bitter and violent dispute with each other and made the Union Government behave like bully with Bangladesh. Dying Wisdom...
  8. 2015-10-06
  9. Rating: 3.0 - 1 Vote
    1996-07-19 Solar water disinfection can be used to reduce bacteria counts in small volumes of drinking water at the individual household level.
  10. 1989-12-01 Shows how to make a simple, cheap, pump suitable for small-holding and garden use, a pump which can raise water from rivers or wells, with lifts of up to 30 metres. A simple clear text, with line drawings, showing how common materials can be used.
  11. Rating: 3.0 - 1 Vote
    2007-10-20 For many years, a popular demonstration on ECHO’s farm has been the rope washer pump, made from materials that are available in any country—PVC pipe, an old tire, rope, washers made from tires, and a little wood. Because it can be made on the farm it can also be repaired by those who made it.
  12. 2009-08-21 Most water and sanitation facilities used by households or operated by small-scale enterprises were built without external support. This shows there are alternatives to the large centralized conventional systems. More importantly, small-scale solutions have proven to be cost effective....
  13. 2002-10-01 Solar Water Disinfection (SODIS) is a simple, environmentally sustainable, low-cost solution for drinking water treatment at household level for people consuming microbiologically contaminated raw water. SODIS uses solar energy to destroy pathogenic microorganisms causing water borne diseases and...
  14. 2010-01-01 The purpose of this document is to show several water pump designs constructed from PVC pipe, explain how to manufacture them, and discuss pump performance and how to improve on these designs. What’s Inside: Pump Design Manufacturing Process Pump Performance Appendix
  15. 2001-01-01 Access to clean drinking water remains one of the greatest challenges in the world. The BioSand Filter is one method that can be used for purifying water at the household level. With this filter, contaminated water is filtered through a natural biological layer and then layers of sand, pebbles...
  16. 2011-04-20 A sand dam provides a low-cost, low-tech and low maintenance water point with large payback in easily accessible water year round. Community ownership and involvement is integral in the introduction of a sand dam.
  17. Rating: 4.0 - 1 Vote
    1999-03-19 Three programs in Honduras have been looking for ways that poor hillside farmers can capture rainwater in their own fields and hold it there for two or three months. This water could then be used for supplemental irrigation during droughts or for extending the cropping season into the dry season....
  18. 2014-03-06 The HAFIR is an underground reservoir designed for storing rain water.Hafirs are usually constructed where there is enough rainfall and where there is no underground water.It is usually big enough to cater for the needs of the villagers and their live-stock for a whole season.
  19. Rating: 5.0 - 1 Vote
    2016-11-17 “You must plant the rain before you plant a seed or tree!” proclaimed rain farmer Mr. Zephaniah Phiri Maseko of Zimbabwe. By doing just that, he and his family turned a wasteland into an oasis, raised groundwater and well levels even in dry years, reduced flooding in wet years, and enhanced the...
  20. 2014-11-07 Drip Irrigation is a technique that allows you to consistently water your entire crop. This technique is especially helpful during a drought or dry season. This technique must be combined with Raised Planting Beds. Please watch our animation on Raised Planting Beds before attempting Drip...
  21. 2014-11-21 The following animation explains the process of developing charcoal filtration systems using sand. It is a simple process that helps to remove many, but not all, pollutants in water that can otherwise cause health problems. Scientific Animations Without Borders (SAWBO) is a Michigan State...
  22. 1997-12-01 Efficient and effective irrigation of the land can have a dramatic effect on the agricultural output and economic well-being of a community. The smallholdings, defined in this book as up to 25 hectares (60 acres), can be the source of a significant proportion of a country's food production.At the...
  23. Agriculture holds the key to successfully achieving the objectives and aspirations articulated in the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement on climate change. It is also crucial to the livelihoods of hundreds of millions of smallholder farmers and rural communities worldwide....
  24. "I started writing theRainwater Harvesting for Drylandsand Beyondseries with the goal of empowering my clients and my community to make positive change in their own lives and yards, by harvesting and enhancing free on-site resources such as water, sun, wind, shade, and more. I wanted to provide...
  25. 2017-05-23 This instruction manual is for the concrete tank water filtration system producing up to 2,000liters of water per day.
  26. 2017-05-23 This instruction manual is for the "blue barrel" water filtration system producing up to 300 liters of water per day.
  27. Dobasare not water harvesting structures or reservoirs, and our ancestors have never thought of them in that way. Instead, they are outcomes of the clay material preparation process, within homesteads, used in mud house building on a family’s land. Millions of Dobas - a water harvesting structure...
  28. MekongInfo is a platform for sharing of information and experiences in integrated water resources management in the Mekong River Basin. MekongInfo is hosted by theMekong River Commission, an intergovernmental body created in 1995 by an agreement between the governments of Cambodia, Lao PDR,...