Les EVCC sont des cultures à croissance rapide qui couvrent et protègent le sol, et sont laissées comme paillage ou enfouies pour enrichir le sol. Les légumineuses sont privilégiées pour leur capacité à fixer l’azote. Elles peuvent être semées, mais certaines forment des racines au niveau des nœuds et peuvent être établies à partir de boutures. ECHO ne fournit pas d’inoculum pour les légumineuses. Une note technique d’ECHO est disponible à propos des Engrais verts cultures de couverture.


  1. Desmanthus Desmanthus virgatus

    Desmanthus is a nitrogen-fixing, prostrate, perennial, tropical shrub that can be used as a green manure/cover crop and as fodder for livestock. This shrub is adaptable to a range of environments and is tolerant of drought.
  2. Flemingia Flemingia macrophylla

    Flemingia is a woody, leguminous, deep-rooted shrub native to Asia but now found in Sub-Saharan Africa and Malaysia.
  3. Rice Bean Vigna umbellata

    Rice bean is a slender, bush or vining, nitrogen-fixing, short-lived perennial plant that is grown as an annual, and often intercropped with rice. The green pods and seeds, as well as the dry beans are used for human consumption. The plant is also useful as livestock fodder, green manure, or...
  4. Sesbania sesban Sesbania sesban

    Sesbania is a fast-growing, nitrogen-fixing perennial, growing to 7 m in height. It is typically found in wet locations and can withstand water logging and flooded conditions. Sesbania is used as a cover crop or green manure, coppices readily, provides light fuelwood, and good forage for...
  5. Hairy Vetch Vicia villosa

    vesce velue

    Hairy vetch is a temperate, annual, nitrogen-fixing, vining plant that can be up to 70 cm in height. It is used for pasture, hay, silage, green manure or cover crop, and is tolerant of acid soil.
  6. Cowpea Vigna unguiculata subsp. unguiculata

    niébé, pois yeux noirs dolique mongette

    Cowpea can be erect, climbing, vining, or prostrate, is a nitrogen-fixing annual, and is one of the most common legumes globally. The young pods, mature green seeds and dry seeds are eaten, and for livestock it is consumed as hay, pasture, or dried vines and pods. Cowpea is also an excellent...
  7. Sunn Hemp Crotalaria juncea

    Sunn Hemp has been cultivated in India since ancient times. This species is widely distributed throughout the tropics, being most numerous in eastern and southern Tropical Africa.
  8. Sword Bean Canavalia gladiata

    pois sabre rouge

    Sword bean is a perennial, nitrogen-fixing, slightly woody, vining and climbing, plant highly valued for use as a green manure or cover crop. Preferred environmental conditions for sword bean are found in the humid lowland tropics, but these beans may be grown with success in tropical elevations...
  9. Butterfly Pea Clitoria ternatea

    Butterfly pea most likely originated in tropical Asia, although its true origin probably is obscured by its extensive cultivation and naturalization around the globe.
  10. Sunn Hemp/Slender Leaf Rattlebox Crotalaria ochroleuca

    Sunn Hemp originated in tropical Africa.
  11. Fish Bean Tephrosia vogelii

    Fish Bean is native to West Africa, but is now found in India, Asia, and other tropical regions.
  12. POIS CAJAN Cajanus cajan

    pois cajan, pois d'angole, pois congo, pois pigeon

    The Pigeon pea probably originated in tropical Africa but is now popular in SE Asia, the Caribbean, east and west Africa and the tropics of the U.S. It is a shrubby, drought-tolerant, fast-growing legume with a long tap root and a mass of fibrous roots. It can grow up to 4 m. (13’ ) in height but...
  13. ARACHIS PINTOI Arachis pintoi

    arachis pintoi

    L’arachide sauvage est cultivée dans l’ensemble des tropiques et sub-tropiques humides ainsi que dans les tropiques en altitude.
  14. Le pois-sabre Canavalia ensiformis

    le pois-sabre

    Le pois sabre est originaire des Antilles et de l'Amérique centrale. Il ressemble beaucoup au haricot-épée, à Canavalia gladiata, et à l'espèce sauvage prédominante africaine, Canavalia virosa. Le pois sabre est maintenant largement répandu dans les régions tropicales et subtropicales bien qu'il...
  15. Beach Bean Canavalia maritima syn. rosea

    Beach Bean is a leguminous, drought and salt tolerant vine adapted to growing under very dry and hot conditions. History says that it was an important food crop for Captain James Cook and his crew on their voyage around the world from 1768-1771. Vines are widely distributed on beaches and dunes...
  16. Hairy Indigo Indigofera hirsuta

    Hairy Indigo, a leguminous plant, is native to tropical Africa, southern Asia and northern Australia. Hairy Indigo is an erect-growing, reseeding, summer annual legume that may grow 1-2 m (4-7 ft) tall if not grazed. It produces heavy foliage on fine stems that become course in latter stages of...
  17. Lablab Lablab purpureus

    lablab, pois boucoussou, pois antaque, pois indien

    On considère généralement que le lablab est originaire de l’Asie du Sud-est. Cependant, certains spécialistes sont de l’avis qu’il provient de l’Afrique, où il est connu depuis le huitième siècle. Le lablab est aujourd’hui cultivé dans l’ensemble des régions tropicales et sous-tropicales.
  18. White Lupine Lupinus albus

    It is believed that lupines have been cultivated for 2,000 years, beginning in Egypt. Until recently, nearly all of the 300 lupinus species were considered bitter (high-alkaloid).
  19. Siratro Macroptilium atropurpureum

    The exact origin of this crop is not known but it is commonly grown from southern Texas south to Peru. It was named “Siratro” and first hybridized in the early 1960’s.
  20. Tarwi Lupinus mutabilis

    This legume crop grows best in cool highlands and plateaus. Tarwiseeds have been found in tombs of the pre-Incan era of the central Andean region of South America. A mass of foliage is produced with brilliant purplish blue blossoms; the plant grows to a height of 1 meter.
  21. Horse Gram Macrotyloma uniflorum

    Horse gram is a dense, low-growing, nitrogen-fixing, annual crop grown for forage and human consumption. It is usually sown as an intercrop but can also be used as a green manure or cover crop. It will tolerate drought conditions, poor soil, and some salinity.
  22. Glycine Neonotonia wightii

    Glycine is a perennial, vining, nitrogen-fixing, green manure or cover crop that may be grown to suppress weed growth, improve the soil nitrogen supply, and slow soil erosion. It is also a forage crop that can be grown in pure stands for hay or in a mixed pasture system.
  23. POIS MASCATE VOLUBILE Mucuna pruriens

    pois mascate volubile, pois du bengale

    Les formes volubiles du pois mascate croissent rapidement, avec des vrilles grimpantes ou rampantes de 6-8 m de long. Les feuilles sont grandes et trifoliées avec des folioles latérales de 7 à 15 cm de long, et de 5 à 12 cm de large. Les fleurs sont violet clair ou blanches, ce qui donne des...
  24. Tropical Kudzu Pueraria phaseoloides

    Tropical Kudzu is native to Malaysia, although it is widely distributed throughout the world in the wet tropics.
  25. Prickly Sesban Sesbania bispinosa

    Prickly sesban is a fast-growing, annual, nitrogen-fixing shrub, growing up to 2 m in one season. It is valuable for soil improvement, erosion control, firewood, forage, fiber, and as a green manure/cover crop.
  26. Agati Sesbania grandiflora

    Sesbania grandiflora is a small, fast-growing, nitrogen-fixing tree, that can grow to 10 m height in 3-4 years. This plant is grown mainly as a green manure or cover crop but can also be used as forage for livestock.
  27. Adzuki Bean Vigna angularis

    haricot adzuki

    Adzuki bean is a bushy or vining, nitrogen-fixing, annual plant that is moderately drought tolerant. This bean grows best in temperate climates or higher altitudes in the tropics. The young pods, fresh seeds and dry beans are used for human consumption.
  28. Faba Bean Vicia faba

    Fève

    Faba bean is a cool season, nitrogen-fixing, annual grain legume, now widely distributed in temperate environments around the globe. It is important to note that Faba beans can cause a severe reaction, termed “favism” in people that lack the G6PD enzyme. The large-seeded, mild-flavored, sweet...
  29. Mung Bean Vigna radiata

    Mung bean is a bush or vining, nitrogen-fixing, annual plant grown for the dry seeds. It is eaten fresh, or as a dry bean, and is also a good bean for sprouting. Mung bean can also be used as a green manure or cover crop.
  30. Calliandra Calliandra calothyrsus

    Calliandra is a vigorous, nitrogen-fixing, bushy tree that can be fast-growing on poor soils. The tree responds well to coppicing, is a good fuelwood source and the leaves provide excellent fodder. Calliandra is used to enrich soil and provide stability on steep slopes.
  31. American Joint Vetch Aeschynomene americana

    american joint vetch

    L’Aeschynomene americana provient des Caraïbes et des régions limitrophes des Amériques. Cette espèce est également présente en Amérique du Sud jusqu’en Argentine, et en Amérique du Nord, notamment dans le sud de la Floride. Elle a été introduite en Asie du sud-est, dont au Vietnam, en Thaïlande...
  32. Sesbania Sesbania rostrata

    Sesbania rostrata a fast-growing, nitrogen-fixing, annual or short-lived perennial shrub, that can grow to 3 m height. It is adapted to saline, alkaline and wet soils and is usually used for a green manure or cover crop, most commonly with flooded rice. It is also suitable fodder for livestock.
  33. Runner Bean Phaseolus coccineus

    haricot d'espagne

    Scarlet runner bean is a vigorous, climbing, nitrogen-fixing plant, adapted to areas with cool temperatures. The fresh pods, dry beans, and tubers may all be harvested for food but the tubers must be thoroughly cooked to eliminate toxins. It can also be used as a living mulch and an ornamental...
  34. POIS MASCATE ARBUSTIF Mucuna pruriens

    pois mascate arbustif, fève de velours, poil à gratter, pois du bengale

    Les formes arbustives du pois mascate se développent rapidement, mais ont une habitude de croissance plus compacte que les types volubiles. Les feuilles sont grandes et trifoliées avec des folioles latérales de 7 à 15 cm de long, et de 5 à 12 cm de large. Les fleurs sont violet clair ou blanches,...
  35. Tithonia Tithonia diversifolia

    Tithonia is a perennial shrub native to Mexico and Central America and found in humid and sub-humid parts of Africa, Asia, and South America. Its hollow stems reach 3 m in height and become woody with age. Leaves are large (12-22 cm wide) with five lobes. Another distinguishing attribute is its...