Les gousses de légumineuses immatures et les graines vertes sont utilisées comme légumes. Les gousses vertes contiennent de bonnes quantités de fibres et la plupart des nutriments, en particulier des protéines, des vitamines et des minéraux, mais un minimum d'huile et de glucides. Les semences immatures contiennent des nutriments similaires aux semences matures, mais sont plus riches en vitamines A et C et sont plus faciles à digérer. Quelques légumineuses contiennent des substances toxiques. Toutes devraient être cuites avant consommation. Elle peuvent être préparées de manière adéquate en les faisant bouillir 20 minutes.

  1. Haricot de lima rouge Phaseolus lunatus

    haricot de lima rouge, pois chouche, pois savon

    The Hopi red lima is believed to have originated in Mexico and south-western areas of the United States. ECHO seeds originally came from dry-land regions of Kenya.
  2. Pois carré Psophocarpus tetragonolobus

    pois carré, haricot ailé

    L’origine du pois carré est incertaine. De nombreux auteurs affirment qu’il provient de la Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée et de régions insulaires indonésiennes où l’on trouve nombre de ses souches génétiques. Le pois carré, également connu sous le nom de haricot ailé, est cultivé intensément en...
  3. Grain Soybean Glycine max

    Soybean is an annual, nitrogen-fixing, nutritious, bean crop grown mainly as a pulse and for oil used for human consumption and many industrial uses. It is a very day length sensitive crop with varieties developed for many different latitudes. Soybeans are also used a fresh vegetable. Soy sauce,...
  4. Haricot kilomètre/Dolique asperge Vigna unguiculata subsp. sesquipedalis

    haricot kilomètre, dolique asperge

    Le haricot kilomètre ou dolique asperge provient probablement du sud de la Chine.
  5. Adzuki Bean Vigna angularis

    haricot adzuki

    Adzuki bean is a bushingor vining, nitrogen-fixingannual plant that is moderately drought tolerant. This bean grows best in temperate climates or higher altitudes in the tropics. The young pods, fresh seeds, and dry beans are used for human consumption.
  6. Vegetable Soybean Glycine max

    Vegetable Soybean cultivation probably originated in northeastern China, a region where wild soybeans exist. These high protein beans are best known as pulses and oilseeds.
  7. True Red Cranberry Bean Phaseolus vulgaris

    The True RedCranberry Bean is deep red in color like a cranberry but the pod is ivory with red flecks. It is a pole bean that blossoms and sets pods over the course of a growing season. Beans from this species serve as a major protein source for humans. Cranberry Bean was first grown in South...
  8. Common Bean Phaseolus vulgaris

    Phaseolus vulgaris is a vining (indeterminate) or bush-type (pseudo-determinate) herbaceous annual. Vining types are perennial and reach 2-5 m in length. Bush-types are annuals and reach heights of 20-60 cm. Pubescent leaves are trifoliate, present alternately on the stem, and range from green to...
  9. Lima Bean Phaseolus lunatus

    Pois Souche

    Phaseolus lunatus is a vining (indeterminate) or bush-type (pseudo-determinate) legume from Central and South America. Vining types are vigorous, perennial, and reach 2-6 m in length. Bush-type cultivars are annuals and reach heights of 0.25-1 m. Leaves are trifoliate, present alternately on the...
  10. Chickpea Cicer arietinum

    Chickpea is a very drought-tolerant, nitrogen-fixing, cool season crop that tolerates heat during fruiting and ripening. It is grown as a cool season annual in a broad belt through the Mediterranean region to the subtropical and tropical regions of Asia, Europe, Central, and South America. The...
  11. Cowpea Vigna unguiculata subsp. unguiculata

    niébé, pois yeux noirs dolique mongette

    Vigna unguiculata is a grain legume that originates in Africa. Attributes such as vine shape (climbing, prostrate, or semi-erect), seed color (shades of white, pink, brown, and black), and seed maturation time (60 to 240 days) vary with variety. Pods appear in V-shaped pairs.It is an important...
  12. Runner Bean Phaseolus coccineus

    haricot d'espagne

    Phaseolus coccineus is a perennialvining legume from the highlands of Central America. Due to its showy red flowers, P. coccineus is often grown as an ornamental, though nearly all parts of the plant are ediblegiven the appropriate preparations. A climbing vine, P. coccineus reaches heights of...
  13. Nuñas Phaseolus vulgaris

    From findings discovered in a cave in Peru, experts say that nuñas may have been available 11,000 years ago. This discovery indicates Nuñas were around well before the Incas, and perhaps before the common bean ('frijol', Spanish). Because of their age, Nuñas have been called "a kind of witness of...
  14. Pois de sept ans Phaseolus lunatus

    pois de sept ans, pois du cap, fève créole

    Le pois de sept ans proviendrait de l’Amérique centrale. Il tire son nom de sa capacité à demeurer productif durant plusieurs années. Les semences d’ECHO proviennent de l’Asveldt Ranch de Mwenezi, Zimbabwe où le pois de sept ans est semé autour des maisons et pousse sur les toits à l’abri des...