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Effective management during the postharvest period, rather than the level of sophistication of any given technology, is the key in reaching the desired objectives. While large scale operations may benefit from investing in costly handling machinery and high-tech postharvest treatments, often these options are not practical for small-scale handlers. Instead, simple, low cost technologies often can be more appropriate for small volume, limited resource commercial operations, farmers involved in direct marketing, as well as for suppliers to exporters in developing countries.

--  FAO

The causes of food losses and waste in low-income countries are mainly connected to financial, managerial and technical limitations in harvesting techniques, storage and cooling facilities in difficult climatic conditions, infrastructure, packaging and marketing systems. Given that many smallholder farmers in developing countries live on the margins of food insecurity, a reduction in food losses could have an immediate and significant impact on their livelihoods.

The food supply chains in developing countries need to be strengthened by, inter alia, encouraging small farmers to organize and to diversify and upscale their production and marketing. Investments in infrastructure, transportation, food industries and packaging industries are also required. Both the public and private sectors have a role to play in achieving this.

-- FAO, Save Food!, 2011

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  1. The causes of food losses and waste in low-income countries are mainly connected to financial, managerial and technical limitations in harvesting techniques, storage and cooling facilities in difficult climatic conditions, infrastructure, packaging and marketing systems. Given that many...
  2. Fruit and vegetable juices and beverages are generally preserved by thermal processing, currently being the most cost-effective means ensuring microbial safety and enzyme deactivation. However, thermal treatments may induce several chemical and physical changes that impair the organoleptic...
  3. While fulfilling the food demand of an increasing population remains a major global concern, more than one-third of food is lost or wasted in postharvest operations. Reducing the postharvest losses, especially in developing countries, could be a sustainable solution to increase food availability,...
  4. In the humid tropics, approximately one-third of total food produced is lost before reaching the consumer, thwarting efforts to increase agricultural productivity, improve food security and reduce childhood malnutrition and stunting. High commodity moisture contents at harvest and damp storage...
  5. Often the biggest challenge faced by a tropical farmer is not in the production of a crop but rather in the preservation of the crop. Farmers may want to preserve a crop for future consumption or for sale at a time when the market will offer a higher price. ViewConversations about Solar Drying...
  6. Please note that the links listed below may lead to additional resourceswhich havenot yet been added tothis collection. Search for more listings and filtering
  7. "Food safety is linked, directly or indirectly, to the achievement of many of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially those pertaining to ending hunger and poverty, and promoting good health and well-being. Food and nutritional security is realised only when essential elements of a...
  8. Ressource principale 01/12/1985 This FAO book gives priority to the prevention of post-harvestlosses, particularly through action to reduce losses at the farm and village level. Some topics include pest control, loss assessment, drying, crib storage, root storage, processing cereals, and rice milling.
  9. 26/11/2012 This animation explains the best practices for bag storage of grain using a bag stacking technique. Scientific Animations Without Borders (SAWBO) is a Michigan State University based program. SAWBO transforms extension information on relevant topics such as agriculture, disease and women's...
  10. 03/02/2015
  11. 27/01/2016 This video shows why the prices change for agricultural products. Many factors influence the price of an agricultural commodity. A farmer should be aware of all the factors that affect the supply and demand of his crop, as these will influence the price. Scientific Animations Without Borders...
  12. Effective management during the postharvest period, rather than the level of sophistication of any given technology, is the key in reaching the desired objectives. While large scale operations may benefit from investing in costly handling machinery and high-tech postharvest treatments, often...
  13. 27/01/2016 An agricultural value chain is a system of people that work in various stages in crop production. The value chain contains every person that works to get the crops from the farm where they were planted, to the consumer that will end up eating them. This animation explains the importance of each...
  14. 26/11/2012 This animation explains how to store grains using best practices for bag storage. It deals with how to prepare the grain for storage, transport the bags, and how to properly store the bags. Scientific Animations Without Borders (SAWBO) is a Michigan State University based program. SAWBO...
  15. Ressource principale 29/04/2003 This guide provides development workers and small-scale entrepreneurs with the basic information and advice that they need to set up a small-scale food processing enterprise. Part one considers the food processes that are suitable for different crops including fruit and vegetable products; cereal...
  16. Ressource principale 01/05/1998 A wide variety of fruits is grown in the tropics, under a range of climatic conditions and soil types. Some have been widely used both within the tropics and also exported to temperate countries for many years, whereas others are currently grown almost exclusively for local or regional use....
  17. 01/06/1989 Amazon.com Description An ELBS/LPBB edition is available.
  18. Ressource principale 01/11/1993 This source book describes the traditional methods of fish processing and then looks at new and improved techniques which in most cases can be constructed locally. Types of processing covered include drying, salting, smoking and fermenting.
  19. 19/04/1994 The “tubular juice pasteurizer,” as it is formally called, strikes me as an “appropriate technology” with unusual promise. It is designed for situations where a large quantity of fruit is available for a limited period of time and for which there is no ready market or where marketing is not...
  20. POSTHARVEST FOOD LOSS OR FOOD WASTE? Recently issues of global food losses and food waste have been making the news, with estimates of 30 to 40% of all the food produced on earth going to waste before it can be consumed. Global food losses and waste (sometimes referred to as FLW) vary widely...
  21. When it comes to size reduction of principal feed ingredients, recent practice has been to use hammermills as the main grinding machines. This wasn’t always the case. In the early days of compound feed milling, when raw materials were homegrown and power sources were either wind or water, the...
  22. AccessAgriculture Video Traditionnellement, le miel était vendu en rayons, mais de nos jours, la plupart des consommateurs préfèrent le miel extrait des rayons. Ce miel transformé est propre, prêt à la consommation et peut être conservé plus longtemps. Pour vous assurer que le miel maintienne sa...
  23. AccessAgriculture Training Video Les paysans au Sud du Malawi ont développé des façons de faire pratiques pour la récolte, le séchage, le triage et le stockage du piment. Pour leur soulager du picotement après la récolte du piment, ils utilisent plusieurs techniques. L’ennemi principal de votre...
  24. AccessAgriculture Training Video Bien que le riz soit très nutritif, une part importante de sa qualité est perdue durant son traitement. Ceci se traduit par un riz de qualité inférieure sur le marché, incitant les consommateurs à se tourner vers le riz importé. Cette vidéo vous explique comment...
  25. AccessAgriculture Training Video La culture du café de bonne qualité ne se fait pas toute seule. C’est une combinaison des nombreux aspects de la gestion des parcelles de café. Tout doit être bien fait si l’on veut maximiser le rendement. Cette vidéo se penche sur deux aspects, le premier...
  26. AccessAgriculture Training Video La saison de récolte des dattes est courte, durant laquelle les dattes doivent être immédiatement consommées ou préparées, au risque de se gâter et ne plus pouvoir être conservées. Pour être compressées, les dattes doivent être toutes au même niveau de maturité...
  27. AccessAgriculture Training Video Il est très important d’avoir un produit qui ne change pas, qui est de la même qualité, du même goût, de la même couleur et qui est bien présenté. Bambara Chichewa English Fon French Kikuyu Kiswahili Luo Sena Twi Yao Yoruba
  28. AccessAgriculture Training Video Dans cette vidéo, nous apprenons les étapes importantes nécessaires pour produire un bon yaourt de qualité, que ce soit pour la consommation domestique ou pour la vente. Ateso Chichewa English French Kalenjin Kikuyu Kiswahili Luo Samburu Sena Tumbuka Yao
  29. AccessAgriculture Training Video Une semence de soja mal récoltée et mal conservée perd sa force de germination parce que l’humidité et la chaleur tuent la partie vivante de la semence. Les graines mouillées vont moisir ou pourrir pendant la conservation. Dans cette vidéo, nous allons parler de...
  30. AccessAgriculture Training Video Les bananes et les plantains sont consommés partout dans le monde. Alors que certains cuisinent les bananes comme plat principal, d’autres les mangent tout simplement comme fruits. Une fois récoltées, les bananes ne se conservent pas longtemps, car elles sont...
  31. AccessAgriculture Training Video Maize grains have to be very dry and clean before you store them. The grains will stay free of pests and diseases for a long time in a metal granary, if you store them correctly. Arabic English Spanish
  32. AccessAgriculture Training Video Dans cette vidéo, nous allons voir comment fabriquer du fromage de soja de bonne qualité. Pour obtenir du fromage de soja de bonne qualité, il y a six étapes à suivre : choisissez, vannez et triez des grains de bonne qualité ; tremper les grains de soja dans de l’...
  33. AccessAgriculture Training Video Le sésame est facile à cultiver. Mais les mauvaises opérations de récolte, battage et stockage dégradent sa qualité. Quand le sésame est trop mûr sur pied, les capsules s’ouvrent et versent leurs graines. Vous perdez beaucoup de graines, donc beaucoup d’argent. Il...
  34. AccessAgriculture Training Video L’industrie demande des graines de sésame qui ont tous la même couleur et dimension. Pour ça il faut avoir de la pureté variétale, ce qui veut dire que toutes les graines de sésame sont de la même variété. Les graines de sésame mélangées sont plus difficiles à...
  35. AccessAgriculture Training Video Tirons des leçons des expériences de certains agriculteurs innovateurs du Ghana comment gagner plus d’argent…en produisant de l’oignon lorsqu’il y en a peu sur le marché ; en le conservant en attendant une remontée des prix ; et en le vendant directement aux...
  36. AccessAgriculture Training video En fait, les oignons peuvent être stockés pendant plusieurs mois s’ils sont : • d’une bonne variété, • adéquatement fertilisés, • récoltés, séchés, et stockés de la bonne façon. Arabic Bambara Bariba Dagbani Dendi English Ewe Fon French Hausa Kusaal Mina Twi...
  37. AccessAgriculture Training Video Le karité est beaucoup utilisé dans la cuisine, dans la médecine traditionnelle et dans les produits cosmétiques. Cependant, l’extraction traditionnelle du beurre de karité ne respecte pas les règles d’hygiène nécessaire, ce qui donne un beurre insalubre qui peut...
  38. AccessAgriculture Training Video Partout dans le monde, les gens ajoutent des condiments pour donner un bon goût à leurs plats. En Afrique de l’Ouest beaucoup de sauces sont préparés avec un condiment à base des graines de l’arbre Néré. Au Mali, ce condiment est appelé le soumbala. La coupure...
  39. AccessAgriculture Training Video Dans cette vidéo, nous allons apprendre comment récolter les fruits de karité, extraire les noix des fruits, trier, sécher et décortiquer les noix pour obtenir des amandes de bonne qualité. Nous allons également apprendre comment trier, sécher et classer par...
  40. AccessAgriculture Training Video Les petits fermiers peuvent avoir du mal à maintenir leurs terres en bonne santé et recours à l'achat d'engrais pour améliorer leurs rendements. Il y aura un plus grand rendement en faisant du compost et la terre s'améliorera d'année en année. Pour transformer...
  41. AccessAgriculture Training Video La noix de cajou est recherchée tandis que la pomme est peu valorisée. L’abandon des pommes dans les champs constitue une perte énorme d'argent. Pourtant la pomme de cajou peut être transformée en jus nutritif pour être consommé en toute saison.
  42. AccessAgriculture Training Video Certaines moisissures se forment sur l’arachide, le maïs et d’autres aliments. Ces moisissures produisent un poison appelé aflatoxine. Pour avoir des arachides saines, il est important d’en prendre soin durant toute leur croissance, mais particulièrement pendant...
  43. AccessAgriculture Training Video Les agriculteurs qui vendent leurs citrouilles juste après la récolte, obtiennent un bas prix, car il y en a tellement sur le marché. Ils peuvent les vendre à un meilleur prix en basse saison en les entreposant. Bangla English French
  44. AccessAgriculture Training Video Pendant la période de soudure, la tomate devient très rare et les consommateurs achètent des tomates en boîte à des prix élevés ou ne consomment plus de tomate. Par transformer la tomate en concentré, on peut l’utiliser pendant une année. Et le jus de tomate peut...
  45. AccessAgriculture Training Video Vous pouvez conserver des tomates fraîches pendant quelques semaines dans un frigo local. Un frigo local est constitué de deux jarres jumelées l’une dans l’autre et séparées par du sable. En plus de conserver des tomates fraîches, on peut aussi sécher les tomates...
  46. AccessAgriculture Training Video Les feuilles de haricot sont riches en protéines et en vitamines. Pour qu’elles soient disponibles pendant la saison sèche, vous pouvez les sécher et les stocker.
  47. 06/02/2018 This animation shows how to use the PHL moisture meter, a new, low-cost meter for measuring grain moisture content before storage. If you properly dry your grain before storage, you will have better quality grain for seed, sale, or eating. This technique will minimize grain losses and earn you...
  48. Crop processing is a crucial step in converting raw harvested agricultural products into valuable marketable products. Post-harvest activities can make a big difference to the financial impact of small-scale agriculture. We look at methods for fine tuning the processing of various crops, new...
  49. AccessAgriculture Video Your maize is mature when the leaves and the husks start to dry and turn yellow. Start harvesting improved varieties first and end with local varieties which are more resistant to pest attacks. Dehusk your maize in the field to avoid bringing pests to your home. Properly...
  50. The SDC Agriculture and Food Security Network provides a knowledge exchange platform for all development practitioners with links to the activities of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation in the area of Agriculture and Food Security.Membershipis open to SDC staff and representatives...
  51. 30/11/2018 While technologies have revolutionized agriculture and created growth in wealthier countries and regions, 90 percent of the produced food in Sub-Saharan Africa is harvested and processed by hand—resulting in low yields and poor quality products with limited market potential. Women farmers are...
  52. 20/01/2012 The result of a collaborative effort by small business owners and advisers in ACP countries, this manual covers everything you need to know about starting up and managing a small-scale cooking oil business. Helpfully illustrated with numerous tables, checklists and case studies, it highlights...
  53. 09/08/2018 Session: He will present on the status of the small food processing sector in rural of Tanzania, a case of Arusha Region, and the role of SIDO in establishment and growth of small food processing units. He will describe challenges faced in rural areas and some available players in the area....
  54. 20/01/2008 If you are interested in starting up a business, food processing offers an excellent opportunity to generate income using locally available resources. Focusing on the establishment of such a business using fruits and vegetables, this detailed and informative manual covers topics such as: products...
  55. The Food & Business Knowledge Platform (F&BKP) is the gateway to knowledge for Food and Nutrition Security. We act as knowledge brokers, connecting people and networks in business, science, civil society and policy to (co-)create, exchange and use knowledge for inclusive and ecologically...
  56. 20/07/2002 The three main objectives of applying postharvest technology to harvested fruits and vegetables are: to maintain quality (appearance, texture, flavor and nutritive value) to protect food safety, and to reduce losses between harvest and consumption. Effective management during the postharvest...
  57. In developing countries agriculture is the mainstay of the economy. As such, it should be no surprise that agricultural industries and related activities can account for a considerable proportion of their output. Of the various types of activities that can be termed as agriculturally based, fruit...
  58. AccessAgriculture Training Video Many farmers lose most of their crop due to poor drying techniques, shelling methods and poor storage. The ventilated stack method lets the sun hit the leaves allowing the groundnuts to dry slowly and properly. The hole in the middle lets in air and a bit of...
  59. 14/11/2018 While technologies have revolutionized agriculture and created growth in wealthier countries and regions, 90 percent of the produced food in Sub-Saharan Africa is harvested and processed by hand—resulting in low yields and poor quality products with limited market potential. Women farmers are...
  60. 13/11/2018 CTI very brief history and video presentation of equipment for small farmer post-harvest processing by grinding dry solids to flour, harvest and processing groundnuts and recovery of clean seed from harvested dry millet. Richard Fulmer Background in chemistry, biochemistry and food processing;...
  61. Since the 2006/2007 food crisis,the Natural Resources Institutehas been a major contributor in development efforts to reduce postharvest losses. Itoffers strong institutional experience gained during the earlier food crisis of the 1970s. Explore this website to findthe following information and...
  62. The Horticulture Innovation Lab's global research network advances fruit and vegetable innovations, empowering smallholder farmers to earn more income while better nourishing their communities. The program is funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development and led by ateam at the...
  63. Tanzanian smallholder farmers spend1.35 billionhoursthreshing every year. What would it mean to save those farmers 1.2 billion hours? Mission Imara Tech's mission is toalleviate poverty and enrich the lives of smallholder farmers by empowering communities with locally made, productive-use...
  64. Formerly Compatible TechnologyInternational (CTI) We believe that a world without extreme poverty is entirely possible, and for us, it starts with providing tools for communities that are traditionally overlooked by mainstream engineering. We design tools in collaboration with smallholder farmers...
  65. 12/07/2018 This video tells the story of Grain Amaranth - its growth and use. In addition, here is alinktoa video, filmed in Uganda in 2010----with testimonials by people living with AIDS. Their testimonials have also been validated by at least one controlled health study in Kenya.
  66. 13/01/2019 In nature, microorganisms can cause disease by producing toxins in our food that make us sick. One group of these microorganisms is called molds and they can grow on foods and animal feed to the point that we can see them. While growing in grains, nuts, and fruits, some molds can produce harmful...
  67. 07/09/2018 This animation describes how to protect your grain during storage. This process is called D.I.C.E. D.I.C.E. stands for Dry Grain, Inspect, Clean, and Examine. If you follow the DICE process, you will prevent damage to your grain and increase its quality. This process will help ensure you waste as...
  68. New, low-cost indicator of food dryness: DryCard In developing countries, mold growth on dried foods can result in postharvest losses for farmers and unsafe foods for consumers. Food will not mold if it is properly dried, but smallholder farmers do not have access to a cost-effective way of...
  69. Abstract,Trends & Prospects in Post Harvest Management of Horticultural Crops, 2018 The field of agriculture in Ghana struggles to provide the required ratios of food supply to the Ghanaian citizens due to the high rise in post-harvest losses at the farm, wholesale and retail levels. Despite...
  70. Abstract, Sustainability, 2019 Reasons behind food loss can be very specific for each product and supply chain stage but it is also affected by factors independent of the product and stage. This work focuses on such generic factors and develops a framework to analyze food loss as a systemic...
  71. Abstract, Food Security, 2019 Postharvest loss reduction throughout commodity value chains is an important pathway to food and nutrition security in sub-Saharan Africa. However, lack of understanding of the location and share of the losses and associated factors along the postharvest value chains...
  72. Abstract, Heliyon, 2019 August One of the main challenges facing Ethiopia today is to ensure food security for its highly increasing population growth. Although the country's production is much lower than the national demand, there are high post-harvest food losses. Among several causes at...
  73. These guidelines aim to measure harvest and post-harvest losses for food grains (cereals and pulses). They presentFAO’srecommended methods to estimate food grain losses to allow countries to monitor SDG 12.3.1 (food losses along the supply chain).They present cost-effective methods that could be...
  74. World Food Programmeis scaling up aPost-Harvest Loss Reduction programme that sells low-cost, locally-produced silos and provides training to smallholder farmers in developing countries. Global food production has reached a record high in recent years; however, one third of all food produced for...
  75. Post-harvest lossis one of the biggest problems which affects economic growth globally. The FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) estimates that1/3rdof food products is lost every year. The loss depends upon the type of crop is grown. As the fruits and vegetables are perishable, so their...
  76. 20/06/2019 100 Under $100: Tools for Reducing Postharvest Losses is a comprehensive compilation of postharvest techniques covering every step of the smallholder Value Chain, enhanced with lively descriptions, pertinent links, engaging stories, data-rich tables, and stunning photos. These all build and...
  77. This manual contains information on Production constraints, Strategies, Post Harvest Technology and Research on Cassava in Africa.
  78. 05/03/2019 Properly drying paddy rice can avoid huge losses. When your rice is not dried properly, you can lose crop to mold, pests, and other issues. Paddy drying is difficult, especially during rainy and cloudy days. This is why it is best to use a dryer for your crop. The BAU-STR is an efficient batch...
  79. Clean Works Centersare self-sustaining, remotely operated, “off-the grid” facilities. The Centers enable new methods for “in-the-field” post-harvest food processing, packing and storage. With the adoption of new innovations designed to extend shelf life, perishable and staple foods are of higher...
  80. Abstract, Global Food Security, 2018 The widely reported claim thatsmallholdersproduce 70–80% of the world’s food has been a linchpin of agriculturaldevelopment policydespite limited empirical evidence. Recent empirical attempts to reinvestigate this number have lacked raw data on how much food...
  81. 12/04/2016 Understanding The Cassava Crop Cassava is a perennial shrub It grows to heights of between 1.5-2m (though some may grow to 4m) It is propagated vegetatively by stem cuttings In plant breeding, propagation is by botanical seeds Grown mainly for its starchy and tuberous roots Performs best on a...
  82. 20/11/2019 Session :The Horticulture Innovation Lab has worked to scale appropriate technologies across the globe for over a decade. Fruits and vegetables, while producing healthy products and sound investments, can have unique challenges. This talk showcases technologies to mitigate these challenges, while...
  83. This book has been written primarily to provide practical instruction and assistance to storekeepers, plant protection technicians, agricultural extension and quarantine staff who are concerned with storage problems in their daily work. At the same time, this manual intended to provide...
  84. 20/11/2015 The three main objectives of applying postharvest technology to harvested fruits and vegetables are: 1) To maintain quality (appearance, texture, flavor and nutritive value), 2) To protect food safety, and 3) To reduce losses between harvest and consumption. Effective management during the...

Etiquettes

Postharvest