Effective management during the postharvest period, rather than the level of sophistication of any given technology, is the key in reaching the desired objectives. While large scale operations may benefit from investing in costly handling machinery and high-tech postharvest treatments, often these options are not practical for small-scale handlers. Instead, simple, low cost technologies often can be more appropriate for small volume, limited resource commercial operations, farmers involved in direct marketing, as well as for suppliers to exporters in developing countries.

--  FAO

The causes of food losses and waste in low-income countries are mainly connected to financial, managerial and technical limitations in harvesting techniques, storage and cooling facilities in difficult climatic conditions, infrastructure, packaging and marketing systems. Given that many smallholder farmers in developing countries live on the margins of food insecurity, a reduction in food losses could have an immediate and significant impact on their livelihoods.

The food supply chains in developing countries need to be strengthened by, inter alia, encouraging small farmers to organize and to diversify and upscale their production and marketing. Investments in infrastructure, transportation, food industries and packaging industries are also required. Both the public and private sectors have a role to play in achieving this.

-- FAO, Save Food!, 2011



  1. 19/4/1994 The “tubular juice pasteurizer,” as it is formally called, strikes me as an “appropriate technology” with unusual promise. It is designed for situations where a large quantity of fruit is available for a limited period of time and for which there is no ready market or where marketing is not...
  2. 20/11/2019 Swahili Only
  3. 19/10/1996 The goal of most agricultural development is to improve people's nutrition, with an increase in quality, quantity, and diversity of food produced. Each issue of ECHO Development Notes discusses plants and techniques which can enable farmers to produce more food of higher nutritional value. Beyond...
  4. Small holder farmers and practitioners from Tanzania share agroecology post-harvest management techniques. English Subtitles
  5. Food loss is a complex issue, often with multiple and interrelated causes operating at different levels. This e-learning course introduces the FAO Case study methodology for the analysis of critical food loss points. This method focuses on revealing and analyzing the multidimensional causes of...
  6. Recurso clave 29/4/2003 This guide provides development workers and small-scale entrepreneurs with the basic information and advice that they need to set up a small-scale food processing enterprise. Part one considers the food processes that are suitable for different crops including fruit and vegetable products; cereal...
  7. This animation explains the best practices for bag storage of grain using a bag stacking technique.
  8. 3/2/2015
  9. This video shows why the prices change for agricultural products. Many factors influence the price of an agricultural commodity. A farmer should be aware of all the factors that affect the supply and demand of his crop, as these will influence the price. Scientific Animations Without Borders...
  10. Effective management during the postharvest period, rather than the level of sophistication of any given technology, is the key in reaching the desired objectives. While large scale operations may benefit from investing in costly handling machinery and high-tech postharvest treatments, often...
  11. An agricultural value chain is a system of people that work in various stages in crop production. The value chain contains every person that works to get the crops from the farm where they were planted, to the consumer that will end up eating them. This animation explains the importance of each...
  12. This animation explains how to store grains using best practices for bag storage. It deals with how to prepare the grain for storage, transport the bags, and how to properly store the bags.
  13. Recurso clave 1/9/1993 Offers guidance on the selection of appropriate equipment for small businesses, with case studies and technical information about each type of machine. For field workers training for food processing projects, and their trainers, and the non-specialist.
  14. Recurso clave 1/5/1998 A wide variety of fruits is grown in the tropics, under a range of climatic conditions and soil types. Some have been widely used both within the tropics and also exported to temperate countries for many years, whereas others are currently grown almost exclusively for local or regional use....
  15. 1/6/1989 Amazon.com Description An ELBS/LPBB edition is available.
  16. Recurso clave 1/11/1993 This source book describes the traditional methods of fish processing and then looks at new and improved techniques which in most cases can be constructed locally. Types of processing covered include drying, salting, smoking and fermenting.
  17. POSTHARVEST FOOD LOSS OR FOOD WASTE? Recently issues of global food losses and food waste have been making the news, with estimates of 30 to 40% of all the food produced on earth going to waste before it can be consumed. Global food losses and waste (sometimes referred to as FLW) vary widely...
  18. When it comes to size reduction of principal feed ingredients, recent practice has been to use hammermills as the main grinding machines. This wasn’t always the case. In the early days of compound feed milling, when raw materials were homegrown and power sources were either wind or water, the...
  19. AccessAgriculture Training Video Tradicionalmente, se vendía la miel en el panal, pero hoy en día la mayoría de los consumidores prefieren la miel extraída del panal. Esa miel procesada está limpia y lista para usar, y se puede almacenar por más tiempo. Para que la miel conserve su calidad, hay...
  20. Access Agriculture Training Video Farmers in southern Malawi have come up with their own clever ways to harvest, dry, grade and store their chillies. To remove the pain in their hands after harvesting the chillies, they use various techniques. The biggest enemy of stored chillies is moisture, as...
  21. Access Agriculture Training Video Although rice is highly nutritious, a lot of the quality is lost during processing. This results in poor-quality rice on the market, so consumers turn to imported rice. In this video you can learn about parboiling, a way to improve the quality of rice by treating...
  22. AccessAgriculture Training Video La culture du café de bonne qualité ne se fait pas toute seule. C’est une combinaison des nombreux aspects de la gestion des parcelles de café. Tout doit être bien fait si l’on veut maximiser le rendement. Cette vidéo se penche sur deux aspects, le premier...
  23. Access Agriculture Training Video Dates have a short harvesting season, and must be consumed or processed immediately after harvest. Otherwise they will spoil and you won’t be able to store them. To be pressed, all the dates you use must have the same ripeness so that you can store them as long...
  24. Access Agriculture Training Video It is very important to have a product that doesn’t change, that is of the same quality, the same taste, the same colour and that is well presented. Available languages Arabic Bambara Bangla Bemba Chichewa / Nyanja English Fon French Kikuyu Kinyarwanda / Kirundi...
  25. Access Agriculture Training Video In this video we learn the important steps needed to produce good quality yoghurt, whether for home consumption or for sale. Available languages Arabic Ateso Bambara Bangla Chichewa / Nyanja Chitonga / Tonga English French Kalenjin Kikuyu Kiswahili Luganda Luo...
  26. Access Agriculture Training Video Soya bean seed that is poorly harvested and poorly stored loses its ability to germinate because the moisture and heat kills the living part of the seed. Wet or moldy seeds will rot during storage. In this video, we'll talk about harvesting soya bean seed,...
  27. AccessAgriculture Training Video En todo el mundo, la gente come plátanos y bananos. Mientras algunas personas preparan el plátano como su alimento principal, muchos lo comen como fruta fresca. Una vez cosechados, los bananos no se preservan mucho tiempo y son fácilmente dañados durante el...
  28. AccessAgriculture Training Video Los granos de maíz tienen que estar muy secos y limpios antes de almacenarlos. Los granos permanecerán libres de plagas y enfermedades durante mucho tiempo en un silo metálico, si los guarda correctamente. Idiomas disponibles Bambara Bangla Español Francés Inglés...
  29. Access Agriculture Training Video In this video, we will see how to make good quality soya cheese. For good quality soya cheese, there are six steps to follow: select, winnow and sort good quality grain; soak the soya beans in clean water that is frequently changed; grind the grain in a mill;...
  30. Access Agriculture Training Video Sesame is easy to grow. But poor harvesting, threshing and storage can decrease its quality. When sesame is too ripe, the seed capsules split open and release their seeds. So you lose lots of seeds and lots of money. Stones, sand, and other dirt can easily mix...
  31. Access Agriculture Training Video The industry requires sesame seeds that are all of the same colour, size, and oil and starch contents. For this, you need varietal purity, meaning that all of the sesame has to be of the same variety. Mixed sesame seeds are difficult to sell and buyers pay less...
  32. Access Agriculture Training video In fact, onions can be stored for many months, if they are: • of a good variety, • fertilised properly, • harvested, dried, and stored the right way. Available languages Arabic Bambara Bangla Bariba Chichewa / Nyanja Dagbani Dendi English Ewe Fon French Hausa...
  33. Access Agriculture Training Video Shea butter is used a lot in cooking, traditional medicine and cosmetic products. However traditional extraction of shea butter doesn’t follow required hygiene rules, this results in unsafe butter that can cause illness in consumers. In this video, we will learn...
  34. Access Agriculture Training Video All across the world, people add condiments to their cooking to make it taste better. In West Africa, many sauces are prepared using a condiment made with seeds from the Néré tree, also known as the African locust bean. In Mali, this condiment is called soumbala....
  35. Access Agriculture Training Video In this video, we will learn how to collect shea fruits, remove nuts from shea fruits, sort, dry and shell the nuts to get good quality kernels. We shall also learn how to sort, dry and grade shea kernels for the market. Available languages Bambara Chichewa /...
  36. Access Agriculture Training Video Small scale farmers can struggle to keep their soil healthy, and often resort to buying fertilisers to improve their yield, but with a bit of extra work to make compost, yield can be increased naturally and the soil improved year by year. To turn your rice straw...
  37. Access Agriculture Training Video People enjoy cashew nuts, whereas cashew apples are less valued. Leaving cashew apples on the land is an enormous loss of money. However, cashew apples can be processed into a nutritious juice which can be consumed throughout the year. Available languages...
  38. AccessAgriculture Training Video Ciertos mohos crecen en el maní, el maíz y otros alimentos. Esos mohos producen un veneno llamado aflatoxina. Para tener manís (cacahuates) sanos es importante cuidarlos durante toda su producción, pero especialmente en el secado y en el almacenamiento. Idiomas...
  39. Access Agriculture Training Video Farmers selling pumpkins right after harvest get a low price because there are so many. They can sell them at a better price during the off-season by storing them. Available languages Arabic Bambara Bangla Chichewa / Nyanja English French Hindi Tumbuka
  40. Access Agriculture Training Video During the lean season, tomatoes become very scarce and consumers buy canned tomatoes at high prices or no longer eat tomatoes. But by processing tomatoes into concentrate, you can use it for one year. And tomato juice can be used for 2 to 3 weeks. Available...
  41. Access Agriculture Training Video You can store fresh tomatoes in a local fridge for a few weeks. A local fridge consists of two earthen pots, placed one inside the other and separated with sand. In addition to storing fresh tomatoes, they can also be dried and used any time. Dried tomatoes can...
  42. Access Agriculture Training Video Bean leaves are rich in proteins and vitamins. To have them available during the dry season, you can dry and store them. Available languages Arabic Bambara Chichewa / Nyanja English French Hausa Hindi Kiswahili Mooré Tumbuka Twi
  43. This animation shows how to use the PHL moisture meter, a new, low-cost meter for measuring grain moisture content before storage. If you properly dry your grain before storage, you will have better quality grain for seed, sale, or eating. This technique will minimize grain losses and earn you...
  44. Crop processing is a crucial step in converting raw harvested agricultural products into valuable marketable products. Post-harvest activities can make a big difference to the financial impact of small-scale agriculture. We look at methods for fine tuning the processing of various crops, new...
  45. AccessAgriculture Training Video Su maíz está maduro cuando las hojas están secas y amarillas. Empiece a cosechar las variedades mejoradas primero y termine con las variedades locales que son más resistentes a las plagas. Pele su maíz en el campo para evitar traer las plagas a la casa. Seleccione...
  46. The SDC Agriculture and Food Security Network provides a knowledge exchange platform for all development practitioners with links to the activities of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation in the area of Agriculture and Food Security.Membershipis open to SDC staff and representatives...
  47. While technologies have revolutionized agriculture and created growth in wealthier countries and regions, 90 percent of the produced food in Sub-Saharan Africa is harvested and processed by hand—resulting in low yields and poor quality products with limited market potential. Women farmers are...
  48. 20/1/2012 The result of a collaborative effort by small business owners and advisers in ACP countries, this manual covers everything you need to know about starting up and managing a small-scale cooking oil business. Helpfully illustrated with numerous tables, checklists and case studies, it highlights...
  49. 9/8/2018 Session: He will present on the status of the small food processing sector in rural of Tanzania, a case of Arusha Region, and the role of SIDO in establishment and growth of small food processing units. He will describe challenges faced in rural areas and some available players in the area....
  50. 20/1/2008 If you are interested in starting up a business, food processing offers an excellent opportunity to generate income using locally available resources. Focusing on the establishment of such a business using fruits and vegetables, this detailed and informative manual covers topics such as: products...
  51. The Food & Business Knowledge Platform (F&BKP) is the gateway to knowledge for Food and Nutrition Security. We act as knowledge brokers, connecting people and networks in business, science, civil society and policy to (co-)create, exchange and use knowledge for inclusive and ecologically...
  52. 20/7/2002 The three main objectives of applying postharvest technology to harvested fruits and vegetables are: to maintain quality (appearance, texture, flavor and nutritive value) to protect food safety, and to reduce losses between harvest and consumption. Effective management during the postharvest...
  53. In developing countries agriculture is the mainstay of the economy. As such, it should be no surprise that agricultural industries and related activities can account for a considerable proportion of their output. Of the various types of activities that can be termed as agriculturally based, fruit...
  54. 14/11/2018 While technologies have revolutionized agriculture and created growth in wealthier countries and regions, 90 percent of the produced food in Sub-Saharan Africa is harvested and processed by hand—resulting in low yields and poor quality products with limited market potential. Women farmers are...
  55. 13/11/2018 CTI very brief history and video presentation of equipment for small farmer post-harvest processing by grinding dry solids to flour, harvest and processing groundnuts and recovery of clean seed from harvested dry millet. Richard Fulmer Background in chemistry, biochemistry and food processing;...
  56. Since the 2006/2007 food crisis,the Natural Resources Institutehas been a major contributor in development efforts to reduce postharvest losses. Itoffers strong institutional experience gained during the earlier food crisis of the 1970s. Explore this website to findthe following information and...
  57. The Horticulture Innovation Lab's global research network advances fruit and vegetable innovations, empowering smallholder farmers to earn more income while better nourishing their communities. The program is funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development and led by ateam at the...
  58. Tanzanian smallholder farmers spend1.35 billionhoursthreshing every year. What would it mean to save those farmers 1.2 billion hours? Mission Imara Tech's mission is toalleviate poverty and enrich the lives of smallholder farmers by empowering communities with locally made, productive-use...
  59. Formerly Compatible TechnologyInternational (CTI) We believe that a world without extreme poverty is entirely possible, and for us, it starts with providing tools for communities that are traditionally overlooked by mainstream engineering. We design tools in collaboration with smallholder farmers...
  60. 12/7/2018 This video tells the story of Grain Amaranth - its growth and use. In addition, here is alinktoa video, filmed in Uganda in 2010----with testimonials by people living with AIDS. Their testimonials have also been validated by at least one controlled health study in Kenya.
  61. In nature, microorganisms can cause disease by producing toxins in our food that make us sick. One group of these microorganisms is called molds and they can grow on foods and animal feed to the point that we can see them. While growing in grains, nuts, and fruits, some molds can produce harmful...
  62. New, low-cost indicator of food dryness: DryCard In developing countries, mold growth on dried foods can result in postharvest losses for farmers and unsafe foods for consumers. Food will not mold if it is properly dried, but smallholder farmers do not have access to a cost-effective way of...
  63. Abstract,Trends & Prospects in Post Harvest Management of Horticultural Crops, 2018 The field of agriculture in Ghana struggles to provide the required ratios of food supply to the Ghanaian citizens due to the high rise in post-harvest losses at the farm, wholesale and retail levels. Despite...
  64. Abstract, Sustainability, 2019 Reasons behind food loss can be very specific for each product and supply chain stage but it is also affected by factors independent of the product and stage. This work focuses on such generic factors and develops a framework to analyze food loss as a systemic...
  65. Abstract, Food Security, 2019 Postharvest loss reduction throughout commodity value chains is an important pathway to food and nutrition security in sub-Saharan Africa. However, lack of understanding of the location and share of the losses and associated factors along the postharvest value chains...
  66. Abstract, Heliyon, 2019 August One of the main challenges facing Ethiopia today is to ensure food security for its highly increasing population growth. Although the country's production is much lower than the national demand, there are high post-harvest food losses. Among several causes at...
  67. These guidelines aim to measure harvest and post-harvest losses for food grains (cereals and pulses). They presentFAO’srecommended methods to estimate food grain losses to allow countries to monitor SDG 12.3.1 (food losses along the supply chain).They present cost-effective methods that could be...
  68. World Food Programmeis scaling up aPost-Harvest Loss Reduction programme that sells low-cost, locally-produced silos and provides training to smallholder farmers in developing countries. Global food production has reached a record high in recent years; however, one third of all food produced for...
  69. Post-harvest lossis one of the biggest problems which affects economic growth globally. The FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) estimates that1/3rdof food products is lost every year. The loss depends upon the type of crop is grown. As the fruits and vegetables are perishable, so their...
  70. This manual contains information on Production constraints, Strategies, Post Harvest Technology and Research on Cassava in Africa.
  71. Properly drying paddy rice can avoid huge losses. When your rice is not dried properly, you can lose crop to mold, pests, and other issues. Paddy drying is difficult, especially during rainy and cloudy days. This is why it is best to use a dryer for your crop. The BAU-STR is an efficient batch...
  72. Clean Works Centersare self-sustaining, remotely operated, “off-the grid” facilities. The Centers enable new methods for “in-the-field” post-harvest food processing, packing and storage. With the adoption of new innovations designed to extend shelf life, perishable and staple foods are of higher...
  73. Abstract, Global Food Security, 2018 The widely reported claim thatsmallholdersproduce 70–80% of the world’s food has been a linchpin of agriculturaldevelopment policydespite limited empirical evidence. Recent empirical attempts to reinvestigate this number have lacked raw data on how much food...
  74. 12/4/2016 Understanding The Cassava Crop Cassava is a perennial shrub It grows to heights of between 1.5-2m (though some may grow to 4m) It is propagated vegetatively by stem cuttings In plant breeding, propagation is by botanical seeds Grown mainly for its starchy and tuberous roots Performs best on a...
  75. 20/11/2019 Session :The Horticulture Innovation Lab has worked to scale appropriate technologies across the globe for over a decade. Fruits and vegetables, while producing healthy products and sound investments, can have unique challenges. This talk showcases technologies to mitigate these challenges, while...
  76. Access Agriculture Training Video Green gram or mung bean seed and grains need special care during harvesting and storage. Coat the seed with vegetable oil and store them in an earthen pot. Add neem leaves and dry red chillies. Cover the pot with a cotton cloth and a wire mesh to keep out...
  77. Access Agriculture Training Video Women in Benin show us that there are three important things: select good groundnut varieties, follow good harvest and postharvest practices, and use good processing methods. Available languages Arabic Bambara Bemba Burmese Chichewa / Nyanja Chitonga / Tonga...
  78. 20/11/2015 The three main objectives of applying postharvest technology to harvested fruits and vegetables are: 1) To maintain quality (appearance, texture, flavor and nutritive value), 2) To protect food safety, and 3) To reduce losses between harvest and consumption. Effective management during the...
  79. AccessAgriculture Training Videos El jugo hecho de la pulpa del fruto de baobab es saludable y puede agregarse a las papillas y salsas. Sin embargo, la calidad de la pulpa baja si los frutos no son bien manipulados durante la cosecha y después. Cuando los frutos de baobab son dañados y tienen...
  80. Access Agricuture Training Video When you pick your tomatoes, if you want to keep them longer, you have to find a way of reducing the temperature. As availability of electricity at village level can be a problem, ways have to be found to lower the temperature of this fragile crop. Some farmers at...
  81. AccessAgriculture Training Video Ya que está en juego la salud de nosotros y de nuestros animales, aprendamos de agricultores experimentados en Tanzania cómo secar y almacenar bien nuestro maíz. Idiomas disponibles: Bambara Chichewa / Nyanja Dholuo Dioula Español Francés Hausa Inglés Kikuyu...
  82. AccessAgriculture Training Video Si mantiene su suelo sano y siembra temprano, sus plantas serán fuertes y menos vulnerables a los insectos y mohos. Una vez que el maíz está seco, coseche dentro de las próximas dos semanas. Que las mazorcas sanas no toquen el suelo, si no los mohos llegarán a su...
  83. Access Agriculture Training Videos Dried mango crisps are a tasty and a healthy snack that can be sold even out of season at a good price. Available languages Bambara English French Kiswahili Peulh / Fulfuldé / Pulaar Twi Wolof
  84. AccessAgriculture Video Seque su maíz antes de desgranarlo. Ventéelo sobre un toldo y selecciónelo. Seque el maíz de nuevo a pleno sol sobre un toldo, removiéndolo a menudo. Antes de guardar el maíz, el sonido hecho por los granos le puede indicar cuando está bien seco. Enfriar los granos antes...
  85. AccessAgriculture Training Video Los agricultores guardan sus papas en aserrín porque no tienen electricidad. Pueden conseguir el aserrín barato y usarlo para conservar sus papas hasta que las vendan por un buen precio. Idiomas disponibles Ateso Bambara Chichewa / Nyanja Español Francés Inglés...
  86. Access Agriculture Training Video As soon as you pick your tomatoes their quality can only ever decrease. The best you can do is to slow down the reduction of quality, by following some practices which reduce damage and harm. The key to getting good quality tomatoes to sell starts with the...
  87. Vital Nduwimana hated how many tomatoes he lost every season. For years, his tomatoes started rotting just three or four days after harvest. He felt frustrated. Mr. Nduwimana explains: “I was not able to sell all my tomatoes; I lost almost half of my production. Worse still, I would sell at a low...
  88. Access Agriculture Training Video If proper care is taken at harvest, losses can be minimized, consumers will have better quality fruit, and the farmers will earn more money. Available languages English Kiswahili
  89. Access Agriculture Training Video Many pineapples are wasted, because they cannot be kept fresh for more than a week. By drying pineapples farmers can reduce waste and earn more money throughout the year. Available languages Bambara Bangla Chichewa / Nyanja English French Hausa Luganda Peulh /...
  90. Abstract, International Journal of Horticulture, 2017 The word Moringa is Magic to Many of the consumers both in India and many other countries. Because of the nutritional and medicinal importance of Moringa, the demand for Moringa and its value added products are increasing which in turn permits...
  91. Abstract, International Journal of Chemical Studies, 2019 Green leafy vegetables are highly nutritious and occupies a predominant role in Indian diet. A variety of greens are consumed in different parts of a country among which moringa leaves stands top. Leafy vegetables are perishable in nature...
  92. Gladys Ndagile has been a poultry farmer for many years, but it was only when she connected with a local Ugandan egg processing business that she finally made a profit from her eggs. Connecting small scale farmers and businesses is at the heart of IFAD’s mandate to make food systems work. Uganda’...
  93. Postharvest losses inflicted by insect pests in stored grains represent major challenge smallholder famers face in the global South. The maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais) is one of the most important postharvest pests in maize. With dry maize stored in woven polypropylene bags, Likhayo et al....