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ECHO Asia Notes is a quarterly technical e-bulletin containing articles of interest to agriculture and community development workers in Asia.

This list contains articles from ECHO Asia Notes, many of which have been translated into regional languages.  

83 Edisi dalam Penerbitan ini (Menampilkan edisi 40 - 36)

Highlighted Resources from the Asia Agriculture & Community Development Conference - 20 Januari 2019

This article is from ECHO Asia Note # 40.

This year’s 7th Biennial ECHO Asia Agriculture & Community Development Conference took place in Chiang Mai, Thailand 1 - 4 October, 2019. This four-day event was full of practical information relating to sustainable agriculture and community development in the region. We are thankful for the many practitioners (from 28 countries) who gathered to present their expertise, share ideas, swap seeds, and enrich each other through networking! Let us share with you some highlight workshops from this year’s conference. Resources on our website are hyperlinked throughout this article, so please let this article serve not only as a window into this year’s conference, but also as a gateway to more practical information.

State of Land in the Mekong Region - Brief - 20 Januari 2019

This article is from ECHO Asia Note # 40.

The Mekong region lies at the intersection of Southeast, East and South Asia, between two Asian giants: China and India. It comprises five countries that host the bulk of the Mekong river watershed: Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. The Mekong region is exceptional for its social and ecological richness. Home to 237 million people, the region includes 329 ethnic groups speaking 410 distinct languages, making the region one of the most ethnically-diverse in the world. The Mekong is also a global biodiversity hotspot, with a high degree of ecological and agricultural diversity.

The Mekong region has undergone rapid socio-economic growth over the past two decades alongside pronounced transformations in a number of key sectors. These changes have significantly altered relations between the rural majority and increasingly-affluent urban centres. Land—as both a foundation for national development and the livelihoods of millions of rural and agricultural communities—continues to play a central role in the Mekong region. In all five countries, smallholder farmers play a crucial role in the development of the agricultural sector and, through it, food security and economic growth. However, rural communities are being increasingly swept up into regional and global processes within which they are not always well-positioned to compete. Worse, they are often undermined by national policies that fail to ensure their rights or enable them to reap potential benefits.

Understanding the changing role and contribution of land to development is critical to inform policy, planning and practices toward a more sustainable future. The State of Land in the Mekong Region aims to contribute to a much-needed conversation between all stakeholders by bringing together data and information to identify and describe the key issues and processes revolving around land, serving as a basis for constructive dialogue and collaborative decision-making. 

Gracious Greetings from the New Regional Director of ECHO Asia - 15 Februari 2019

This article is from ECHO Asia Note # 37.

With deep gratitude, I wish to thank you all ECHO network members for continuous support of and participation in this ECHO Asia Notes published quarterly. Without your valuable participation, this newsletter would not sustain its wide readership and distribution, as well as its value addition to the different endeavors that we do as farmers, community development workers, teachers, managers, researchers, educators, social entrepreneurs, missionaries, trainers, leaders and others. To a significant degree, our inspiration and motives behind this quarterly publication hinge on our collective interests for information sharing, resourcing, networking and learning with and from each other. This is a public good that we, together, contribute to the greater society.

Preventing Insect Damage of Stored Seed Using Low-Cost Control Options - 15 Februari 2019

This article is from ECHO Asia Note # 37.

Seed saving in sub-tropical and tropical climates is challenging. Without equipment designed to maintain dry and cool environments, the quality of seeds may quickly deteriorate. High temperature and humidity during storage increase seed metabolism and encourage the proliferation of seed-eating insects (Lale and Vidal, 2003; Upadhyay and Ahmad, 2011). Technologies such as refrigerators, dehumidifiers, and pesticides can help prevent these seed-damaging conditions, but may not be available to smallholder farmers in the tropics. Traditionally, many locally available treatments have been used to prevent insect pests. These treatments, typically added to seeds prior to storage, are meant to poison, damage, or discourage movement of insects around the seeds. Some treatments may effectively reduce insect growth, but they may also damage seed viability; it is important to identify which treatments are effective and appropriate for use by farmers. ECHO Asia research staff analyzed five low-cost treatments to determine their effectiveness in preventing the growth of a common seed storage pest called cowpea bruchids (Callosobruchus maculatus) in stored Lablab bean seeds (Lablab purpureus L.). In keeping with previous ECHO research by Croft et al. 2012, each treatment was also analyzed with and without vacuum sealing. 

Rice Hull Gold - 10 On-Farm Uses of Rice Hulls - 15 Februari 2019

This article is from ECHO Asia Note # 37.

One of the great challenges of sustainable agriculture is the sourcing of adequate and affordable organic (carbon based) resources that can be used on-farm for the production of food and feed. Utilizing composts, manures, mulches, and other organic inputs from the farm is a challenge on its own, and the production of each often requires its own input of materials. These are materials that are often in direct competition of each other on the farm and a challenge to supply completely with smaller land holdings or available labor. A mulch for example, may be in direct competition with livestock fodder, thus making it a challenge to feed it out while still producing enough mulch. Using some of that same material to produce a compost or a fuel becomes even more challenging still.

Amandemen untuk Tanah yang Lebih Sehat - 31 Oktober 2018

Sifat-sifat kimia, fisik, dan biologis tanah berkisar mulai dari yang sangat menguntungkan hingga yang sangat tidak menguntungkan pertumbuhan tanaman. Terutama di kawasan tropis – kita jarang menemukan tanah yang dalam keadaan alaminya memiliki semua sifat yang menguntungkan tanaman. Meskipun demikian, selama tanah tersebut menyediakan zona akar yang cukup dalam dan mempunyai drainase yang baik, maka upaya perbaikan melalui penambahan materi (amandemen)  dan pengelolaan sifat-sifat tanah yang dilakukan dengan tepat akan dapat menjadikan hampir semua tanah menjadi cocok untuk pertumbuhan tanaman. Bahkan tanah yang secara alami tidak subur dan tanah yang sangat rendah kapasitasnya dalam menahan air pun dapat membuahkan hasil panen yang sangat tinggi jika dikelola dan diberi asupan yang baik. 

Nilai Sebutir Benih: Membangun Jaringan Bank Benih Tingkat Komunitas di Asia

This article is from ECHO Asia Note # 36.

Sebagai organisasi yang berupaya membekali orang-orang dengan sumber daya dan keterampilan pertanian, sering kami mendapati diri kami kembali lagi dan lagi kepada benih. Berkali-kali kami memberi kesaksian tentang nilai tinggi dari menyimpan benih open-pollinated ( penyerbukan alami), menyampaikan informasi tentang tanaman-tanaman lokal yang telah beradaptasi dengan baik, memiliki keunggulan namun kurang dimanfaatkan, dan meneliti teknologi inovatif penyimpanan benih berbiaya rendah. Kegiatan-kegiatan ini membentuk pondasi yang mendasari kemampuan ECHO untuk memberdayakan orang-orang dalam upaya mereka meningkatkan sistem pangan dan pertanian di seluruh dunia.