Dans les pays qui subissent une forte pression démographique, il y a rarement assez de terres pour les pâturages ou pour les cultures destinées spécifiquement à l'élevage. Dans de nombreux cas, la nourriture du bétail provient de résidus agricoles disponibles localement et du fourrage mature récupéré, qui est généralement déficient en minéraux, en énergie et en protéines. Les animaux dans ces situations ne sont pas principalement des producteurs, mais plutôt sont utilisés comme : assurance, capital mobile, source de carburant, traction, usine d'engrais et symboles de statut. Des recherches peu sophistiquées mais scientifiquement fondées ont été menées dans des pays en développement, principalement sur des exploitations agricoles, au cours des dernières décennies, dans le but d'optimiser la production de ces animaux à partir des ressources locales.



  1. Ressource principale 01/01/1996 Animal health Vol. 1 is a valuable guide for anyone involved with maintaining and establishing the health of animals in tropical and sub-tropical countries. It explains the causes of animal diseases, how they are spread and the means available for their control.
  2. 15/05/2018 This article is from ECHO Asia Note # 35. One of the best things that you can do to complete your sustainable farm or garden is to balance it with a small livestock unit. Livestock integration is fundamental #10 in my book Sustainable Agriculture in the Tropics. If you read ECHO Asia Notes,...
  3. 08/06/2017 This article is from ECHO Asia Note # 31. The amazing multi-stomached ruminant comes in many forms, with varied nutritional requirements. Ruminants are even-toed, cloven-hoofed, four-legged, cud-chewing mammals of the suborder Ruminantia (within order Artiodactyla). Cattle, water buffalo, goats,...
  4. 15/02/2019 This article is from ECHO Asia Note # 37. One of the great challenges of sustainable agriculture is the sourcing of adequate and affordable organic (carbon based) resources that can be used on-farm for the production of food and feed. Utilizing composts, manures, mulches, and other organic inputs...
  5. 20/01/2005 The best way to finish off your dream farm or garden is to balance it with a small livestock unit. Animal integration is Fundamental #10. It will create a low cost high quality fertilizer source as well as produce food to eat. Livestock properly managed will bring the tropical farmer higher...
  6. 20/07/2008 Bone mealhas another use. You can overcome mineral deficiencies in cattle by making your own cattle lick or mineral block, using bonemeal as the source of phosphorous.
  7. 01/04/2010 People will be rewarded by intentionally being browsers. By eating a wide variety of foods, we will be more likely to take in a sufficient daily amount of all that we need for good health. In contrast, cultures that, for example, eat mainly rice or tortillas or bread made from one kind of grain...
  8. 20/04/2020 The source documents (.docx and .pub)of these materials are available in the CFGB database. The source documents are updated periodically so check here for the most current formats. We encourage you to adapt the source for your purposes. Learning Outcomes At the end of this course, participants...
  9. 11/07/2016 Rédacteurs: ECHO abritera un atelier de trois joursen septembre sur notre campus de Floride, sur le thème d e l'élevage à petite échelle dans les régions tropicales (voir la section «Événements à venir» pour plus de détails). Notre Ferme mondial intègre de nombreux animaux, y compris des canards,...
  10. 20/07/2002 The purpose of this article is to show that with strategic supplementation, using locally available resources (straw, maize stover, poor quality grass, etc.), small-scale farmers in the tropics can have productive ruminants that emit less methane (believed to contribute to global warming) and...
  11. 15/05/2018 This article is from ECHO Asia Note # 35. One of the best things that you can do to complete your sustainable farm or garden is to balance it with a small livestock unit. Livestock integration is fundamental #10 in my book Sustainable Agriculture in the Tropics. If you read ECHO Asia Notes,...
  12. 20/01/2011 A guide to preparing for animal health emergencies Nick Honhold, Ian Douglas, William Geering, Arnon Shimshoni, Juan Lubroth An animal disease emergency, such as an outbreak of a transboundary animal disease (TAD), can have serious socio-economic consequences which, at their extreme, may affect...
  13. 05/10/2019 Animal integration and feeding strategies for the tropical smallholder farm: Approaches and methods for increasing sustainability and profitability Copyright 2019 Keith Mikkelson – ECHO Asia Impact Center Integrated livestock systems can provide many benefits. With careful planning and by...
  14. Abstract, Asian-Australas Journal of Animal Science, 2016 This study was designed to examine the characteristics of sawdust and cocopeat bedding materials, including physicochemical properties (Exp. I) and on-farm trial (Exp. II). In Exp. I, the proportion of particle size was in the order of...
  15. Abstract,Basic and Applied Ecology, 2019 Agroecosystems represent a large geographical footprint in most terrestrial landscapes, and management decisions within these systems affect their function in species conservation. We evaluated the effects that rangeland management systems (based on...
  16. Small holder farmers and practitioners from Tanzania share agroecology best practices of small livestock husbandry and fish farming. English Subtitles
  17. The main goal of developing the tool is to facilitate multi-temporal assessment and monitoring of rangeland resources by developing a web based tool that will aggregate key indicators to rangeland productivity with ancillary data and allow for integration of user selected indicators to produce...
  18. Livestock contribute to the farming operations of more than 800 million poor smallholders. Rural households can improve their livelihoods by raising a wide variety of animals: cows, buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs, poultry, camels, llamas, alpacas, horses, donkeys, rabbits and even bees. It is...
  19. Heifer Internationalworks to end hunger and poverty in partnership with the communities we serve. Theirprograms support entrepreneurs around the world, creating lasting change from the ground up. It begins with a seed investment of livestock or agriculture, followed by mentorship to help project...
  20. See Rangelands Decision Support Tool
  21. 30/04/2007 This publication describes how pasture, fodder and livestock production have been integrated into conservation agriculture systems in Brazil's tropical zones. Vast areas of forest have been cleared in the tropical areas of Brazil for establishment of pastures that become unproductive once the...
  22. 01/11/2016 Field days focusing on livestock production have been successfully used as a means to introduce and disseminate technologies. Training producers about improved management practices is greatly aided by supporting trainees to visit better off farmers. However, selection of farmers or producers to...
  23. 08/02/2017 In marginal environments where strong crop-livestock interactions exist, inclusive and equitable access to finance, well-functioning land rental markets, and efficient provision of extension advisory services contribute significantly towards the shift to more sustainable land use management and...
  24. 01/11/2016 Africa Rising was a five-year project, funded by USAID, that sought to identify and promote solutions for for sustainableintenslfication of the mixed farming systems in the Ethiopian Highlands. The project worked closely with both research and development partner to develop and validate...
  25. 01/03/2016 Session: The Livestock to Markets Program(LTM) is a social enterprise owned by NRT through its business company called -NRT Trading company. LTM aims to commercialize livestock marketing among pastoralists by providing an assured, equitable and reliable market for good quality cattle in order to...
  26. 12/05/2015 How the Aloha House manages its livestock using Natural Farming techniques and effective microorganisms, Part I.
  27. 02/03/2016 Session: The pastoral areas of Kenya are characterised by poor access to quality livestock services. Consequently the pastoralists are forced to purchase sub-standard and/or counterfeit veterinary drugs - often from unqualified people - to meet their animal health needs. They also treat their...
  28. The Portal of the Community of Practice for Pro-poor Livestock Development (CoP-PPLD) is an on-line sharing network for practitioners, managers, researchers and other actors involved in pro-poor livestock development that want to exchange experiences, innovative approaches, best/next practices...
  29. 01/01/1978 This book is useful for students, livestock extension specialists, progressive livestock owners and administrators concerned with the development of livestock industries and the economy.
  30. Pastoralists live precarious lives with extreme weather, such as drought, posing a potentially fatal threat to livestock – often pastoralists’ only asset and income source. To buffer livestock keepers from these risks, insurance schemes such as the Kenya Livestock Insurance Programme (KLIP),...
  31. AccessAgriculture Training Video Dans des zones semi-arides de l’Afrique de l’Ouest des producteurs et des éleveurs nous expliquent pourquoi et comment les arbres et le bétail jouent un rôle essentiel pour obtenir des terres et cultures productives. Au Niger et au Ghana c’est une des stratégies...
  32. This section on livestock includes all animals that are farmed, as well as insects such as bees. Fish and other aquatic animals are covered in the fisheries section.
  33. Animal health Cattle Horses & Donkeys Other Livestock Pigs Poultry Rabbits Sheep & Goats
  34. Abstract,Animal Health Training and Consultancy Service , 2012 Livestock is directly related to the lives and livelihoods of the world's most poor and marginalized citizens. By definition. a poor livestock keeper does not hold enough livestock to meet basic subsistence needs. yet depends upon...
  35. Eric Toensmeier is a lecturer at Yale University and a senior researcher with the climate change-focused nonprofit Project Drawdown. He is the author of “The Carbon Farming Solution.” Silvopasture systems combine trees, livestock (ruminants like cattle, sheep and goats) and grazing. Ranchers and...
  36. In many countries across the world, livestock are an integral part of poor people’s livelihoods, contributing to household income, food security and nutrition. They can provide quality food (meat, milk, and eggs); capital (sale, barter and hire); fertilizer (manure); draught power for cultivation...
  37. Équilibrer les besoins du bétail et la nécessité de garder les sols couverts est un défi permanent pour l’agriculture de conservation dans le monde entier. Lorsque les résidus de culture, l’herbe et les matériaux de paillage sont rares, la santé des animaux et celle du sol en soufrent. La...
  38. 12/04/2016 Small ruminants are of the order of animals which have a stomach with four complete cavities (rumen, reticulum, omasum , abomasums) , through which the food passes in digestion. The division includes sheep and goats. Some other in this order (ruminants) that are not small ruminants are cattle,...
  39. 09/02/2017 This presentation will look at the differences between relief, rehabilitation, and development. We will see some of the challenges involved in determining which one of those three interventions is needed in different situations and we will talk about what to consider when transitioning from...
  40. Abstract, International Livestock Research Institute, 2006 : Livestock keeping is critical for many of the poor in the developing world, often contributing to multiple livelihood objectives and offering pathways out of poverty. Livestock keeping also affects an indispensable asset of the poor,...
  41. 06/03/2018
  42. Ressource principale 01/01/1991 An intriguing, well-organized discussion of a large number of smaller animals that can be raised for multiple purposes, whether for food, fur, milk, or other purposes. These animals often reproduce more quickly than conventional farm animals, are able to thrive in environments where other animals...
  43. Abstract,Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability2014 Fodder trees are important feed sources for livestock in a wide range offarming systemsin Africa. Researchers, extension services and farmers have developed and promoted fodder tree practices in many different countries and contexts....
  44. Now is a time of exciting new developments for live animal power. As the numbers of adherents to this way of life grow, ecologically minded farmers in their fields are developing efficient horse-drawn systems, and equipment manufacturers in small shops all across North America and Europe are...
  45. 01/06/1977 After explaining why the draft horse is again in demand by farmers, the author explains the basics of farming with horses: how to care for the animals, find and repair horse-drawn machinery, and harness a team.
  46. 01/01/2005 Livestock research and development work has tended to lag behind crop production work in the development and application of methods for participatory technology development. However, the case for participatory research is just as strong in relation to livestock as it is in relation to crops; and...
  47. 01/01/1970 In this trial, molasses alone and molasses-urea were compared with corn-and-cob meal-urea on an equivaltent T.D.N. and /or protein basis.
  48. 01/01/1967 This handbook presents a wealth of information on the theory and practice of animal husbandry in clear and precise terms. It attempts to show a broad panoramic picture of the many problems facing the animal husbandry workers and is intended to meet the practical requirements of students,...
  49. 01/01/1983 This book looks at food processing wastes, industrial nonfood processing wastes, forest residues, animal wastes, crop residues, and aquatic plants as to their value and safety as animal feedstuffs.
  50. 01/01/2016 Since 1944, the National Research Council (NRC) has published seven editions of theNutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle. This reference has guided nutritionists and other professionals in academia and the cattle and feed industries in developing and implementing nutritional and feeding programs...
  51. 01/01/1971 This book describes some of the health and management problems of the feedlot industry. The volume may help practicing veterinarians in preventing, diagnosing, and treating diseases; feedlot operators in understanding, accepting and planning health programs; and students in perceiving the...
  52. This manual is designed for development assistance workers and others who are planning or managing small-scale livestock projects. Although aimed specifically at those working in less-developed areas of the tropics and subtropics, these environmental guidelines apply to almost any region of the...
  53. 01/01/1985 The content of the symposium is limited entirely to bovine neonatal diarrhea, those disorders responsible for causing enteric disease in enonates (calves less than 2 wksofage). Intestinal parasites, viral respiratory agents and other agents capable of causing diarrheal disease in older calves...
  54. 01/01/1994 Animal Breeding examines in detail the various techniques that can be used in breeding animals, such as selection, cross-breeding and inbreeding. Examples of the various techniques are given, including their advantages and disadvantages in tropical and sub-tropical environments, and how they can...
  55. 01/01/1985 This book describes the causes, symptoms, treatment and control of the main diseases of tropical livestock.The second edition has been thoroughly revised to take account of recent developments in veterinary science and the changing incidence of many diseases.
  56. 01/01/2016 Cet Agrodok décrit comment augmenter la production de viande bovine dans les élevages extensifs à faibles intrants en s’appuyant principalement sur les moyens disponibles dans l’exploitation. L’approche décrite ici demande un nouvel état d’esprit mais aussi souvent plus de travail et des intrants...
  57. 01/01/2004 This booklet was provided by Christian Veterinary Missions to provide basic information concerning beef cattle for missionaries, small farmers, and agricultural workers. Topics discussed are Facilities and Handling, Nutrition, Management, DIseases and Poisonings.
  58. 01/01/1983 This report began as a brief examination of the domesticated banteng, a little studied bovine that is an important livestock resource in eastern Indonesia. But the study expanded to include other possibly useful but obscure bovines of Asia: the madura, gaur, mithan, kouprey, anoa, tamaraw, yak,...
  59. 01/01/1994 Animal Health Volume 2 is a valuable guide for anyone involved with maintaining and establishing the health of animals in tropical and sub-tropical countries. All the important diseases are covered, including infectious and contagiouse diseases, helminth infections, diseases transmittey by...
  60. 01/01/1996 This publication includes a glossary of English-French terms that are a useful tool for translators, interpreters and scientists working in animal agriculture and related fields.
  61. 01/01/1994 This book has been written in response to the growing interest in restocking with livestock following the drought of 1991-92 in eastern and southern Africa. It draws together the salient points from a number of rehabilitation projects in Africa, which can usefuuly help the practitioner decide...
  62. Animal-source foods are commonly lacking in the diets of the poor and vulnerable in developing countries, particularly children and women who need them most. Due to their high content of quality protein and bioavailable micronutrients,increased consumption of animal-source foodscan improve the...
  63. AccessAgriculture Training Video Élever un bétail sain est une tâche difficile parce que les animaux tombent malades facilement. Beaucoup de gens dépensent d’importantes sommes d’argent en médicaments pour soigner leurs animaux. Dans cette vidéo, nous allons voir comment prévenir chez les animaux...
  64. AccessAgriculture Training Video Dans cette vidéo, nous allons apprendre ce qui cause la fièvre, comment reconnaître un animal qui a de la fièvre et comment gérer un simple cas de fièvre dans votre ferme en suivant quelques conseils simples. Langues disponibles Anglais Arabe Bangla Chichewa /...
  65. The national blue print Vision 2030 recognizes the role of research in technology generation and creation of new knowledge; all of which are vital in national development. Vision 2030 also places great importance on value addition in agriculture and livestock as a means of raising rural household...
  66. IFAD, November 2021 This is the first publication exclusively focusing on yak wool production and its commercialization, incorporating the socio-environmental narrative attached to High Asia region and its herders communities. A proposal is provided to set the ground for a first regional-level...
  67. Lightning Talk, 2022 East Africa Pastoralist Symposium, March 29, 2022. Presenter: Cathy Watson
  68. This report warns that the dominant picture of livestock’s impacts on climate change has been distorted by faulty assumptions that focus on intensive, industrial farming in rich countries. Millions of people worldwide who depend on extensive livestock production, with relatively lower climate...