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ECHO Asia Notes is a quarterly technical e-bulletin containing articles of interest to agriculture and community development workers in Asia.

This list contains articles from ECHO Asia Notes, many of which have been translated into regional languages.  

92 Issues in this Publication (Showing issues 25 - 21) |

खेत से उत्पन्न हुआ चारा: सूअर के चारे का उत्पादन Farm-Generated Feed: Hog Feed Production - 2015-08-01

This article is from ECHO Asia Note #25

प्रस्तावना खेत से उत्पन्न प्रजनन सतत कृ िष प्रणाली का सहयोग करती है।  फसल अवशेष तथा खाद पोषण चक्र का एक भाग है तथा लागत की कीमत को कम कर सकतें हैं, थमोर्िफिलक खाद, कें चुआ संवधर्न, बोकाशी उत्पादन तथा हरी खाद का उपयोग करके । कृ िष उत्पािदत चारा खचेर् को भी कम कर सकता है यिद िकसान उपलब्ध साधनों का प्रबंधन एवं उपयोग सही प्रकार से करें।  उदाहरण के िलए, िकसान चराई का मैदान तैयार कर सकता है सही योजना बनाकर, सूअर का चारा, फसलों के अवशेष से बनाकर तथा दुग्ध उत्पाद (जैसे मठ्ठा एवं मलाई रिहत दूध) से बनाकर, फलीदार पौधों को उगाकर उसका उपयोग कटे हुए चारे में, तथा तैरने वाले फ़नर् एवं अन्य जिलय पादपों का उपयोग चारे के िलए कर सकता है।  जैसे जैसे पशुओं की गहनता बढ़ती जाएगी, एक मेहनत करने वाला िकसान अपनी कायर् प्रणाली के िलए पोषण का स्तर भी बढ़ाता चला जाएगा। इस लेख में खेत से उत्पन्न सूअर के चारे के उत्पादन की िविभन्न तकनीक एवं तरीकों को बताया जाएगा जो छोटे िकसानों को सफल होने में मदद करेगा। जैसे जैसे आप पढ़ेंगे, यह अवश्य याद रखें िक एक िकसान को सवर्प्रथम अपने खेत से उपलब्ध प्रणािलयों एवं साधनों का पूणर् शोषण कर लेना चािहए, और उसके पश्चात ही बाकी सारे िक्रया कलाप को बढ़ावा देना चािहए। (िचत्र १)

Neem for Sustainable Pest Management and Environmental Conservation - 2015-06-15

This article is from ECHO Asia Note #24

Increased awareness of the potential of neem tree by creating awareness of its potential would go a long way in promoting its acceptance for pest management and improvement of plant health, animal health, human health, and environmental health.

Tricho-Composting in Bangladesh - 2015-06-15

This article is from ECHO Asia Note #24

Tricho-compost is the material that results when spores of a beneficial fungus, Trichoderma sp. are used in the composting process. Trichoderma sp. are natural competitors against a wide range of harmful fungi; when it is added to compost, the latter can then work as an anti-fungal agent to protect crops in the field.

The Use of Tropical Forages for Livelihood Improvement in Southeast Asia: A Focus on Livestock - 2015-02-15

This article is from ECHO Asia Note #23

In its simplest definition a forage is any plant material grazed or fed to livestock. However, a more specific definition that’s presented in this article focuses on plants (grasses and legumes) that are planted specifically to provide superior feed benefits to livestock due to: 1) higher protein content, 2) lower labour requirements, and 3) additional farming system or social benefits.

Working with Farmers in Malaysia - 2015-02-15

This article is from ECHO Asia Note #23

In Malaysia, agriculture is practised by a range of farmers – from subsistence cultivators of the soil to sophisticated, commercially-driven entrepreneurs. The latter group are quite adept at assessing the latest in technology and varieties, and already have established marketing channels. The challenge for an agronomist and scientist like me is determining how to effectively transfer scientifically-generated technology and know-how to the aforementioned subsistence cultivators.

A Low-Cost Concrete Ring Aquaponics System - 2014-10-15

This article is from ECHO Asia Note #22

Currently, we have two 16 x 1 meter floating raft troughs, and one 16 x 1 meter rock bed that are connected to six 1 cubic meter fish tanks by PVC piping (elements 1 and 2 above). We also have three smaller stand-alone aquaponics units that we use as example starter units. One of our major goals is to help others understand how aquaponics works. We accomplish this by presenting aquaponics in a way that is easy to understand and replicate. Our Concrete Ring System, a rock bed system developed by Scott Breaden at his home and at the ECHO Asia Impact Center, accomplishes this goal. It has helped us cut down on building costs, simplified the system, and allowed us to use locally available materials.

SRI Roller Planting Marker - 2014-06-14

This article is from ECHO Asia Note #21

Wanpen’s roller planting marker was developed from her experience. When a problem occurred, she would alter and develop the tool according to the problem and rice variety.

Wanpen’s tool was designed to be lightweight, easy to handle and convenient to use. The handle was designed so that the tool can be pulled. The tool makes parallel and perpendicular lines to mark the planting locations, optimizing space between rows so that the rice is easily organized in lines without using too much energy.

Observations of SRI in Nakorn Sawan, Thailand

This article is from ECHO Asia Note #21

SRI was first tried by farmers in Thailand over ten years ago. However, many farmers struggled to avoid trauma to the seedlings and to transplant young seedlings using human labor. Additionally, trying to draw lines (for even spacing of the transplants) was difficult and required labor and time.

In response to these challenges, several farmers began to practice the “parachute method” of rice transplanting, in which rice seedlings are “parachuted” into their place in the paddy using a throwing motion. Further advances on this have been created around Thailand, including a “dart transplanting method with roller planting marker line drawing” developed by Wanpen, the farmer in Nakorn Sawan whom I went to visit. With Wanpen’s innovations (methods ideal for SRI farming) a roller planting marker machine is used to make very straight lines throughout the field; these lines can then be used for spacing rice transplants, which are thrown like darts at the appropriate target. Both the dart method and rolling planter marker machine will be explained in further detail in the Thai Natural Farming Journal articles included in this ECHO Asia Note. Below, I will explain how Wanpen has utilized both innovations in her SRI practices.

Learning from Farmers - 2014-06-14

This article is from ECHO Asia Note #21

It was an afternoon of 2002 when I first read about SRI. As an extension officer in the District Agriculture Development Office (DADO), I started promoting SRI in the following years in the district of Morang, Nepal. Over this time I observed hundreds of attractive SRI fields and spent some years as a SRI activist. Looking at the results, I’ve learnt that different farmers face different problems, and that they adapt all techniques to suit their diverse circumstances and needs.