Immature legume pods and green seed are used as vegetables. Green pods contain good quantities of fiber and most nutrients, especially protein, vitamins and minerals, but minimal oil and carbohydrates. Immature seed contains similar nutrients to mature seed but are higher in vitamins A and C and are easier to digest. A few leguminous vegetables contain toxic substances. All should be cooked before consuming. They can be adequately prepared by boiling 20 minutes.
Chickpea Cicer arietinum
Chickpea, Garbanzo, Gram, Bengal Gram, Cece, Homos, ChanaChickpea is a very drought-tolerant, nitrogen-fixing, cool season crop that tolerates heat during fruiting and ripening. It is grown as a cool season annual in a broad belt through the Mediterranean region to the subtropical and tropical regions of Asia, Europe, Central, and South America. The...
Cowpea Vigna unguiculata subsp. unguiculata
Cowpea, Black Eyed Pea, CrowderCowpea can be erect, climbing, vining, or prostrate, is a nitrogen-fixing annual, and is one of the most common legumes globally. The young pods, mature green seeds and dry seeds are eaten, and for livestock it is consumed as hay, pasture, or dried vines and pods. Cowpea is also an excellent...
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Seven Year Lima Phaseolus lunatus
Seven Year Lima, Madagascar Bean, Painted Lady, Tropical Lima, Haricot De MadagascarThe Seven-Year Lima is believed to have originated in Central America. The name comes from its ability to remain productive for several years. ECHO seeds originally came from the Asveldt Ranch in Mwenezi, Zimababwe where the Seven-year Lima is planted around houses and grows atop roofs of homes...
Common Bean Phaseolus vulgaris
Common beanThe common bean is one of the main food crops globally. Bush varieties reach 20-60cm while climbing (or “pole”) varieties reach up to 3m in height. Depending on the variety, common beans are grown for their green pods and/or mature, dry seeds.
Soybean Glycine max
Grain Soybean, Soyabean, Shoyu, SoybeanSoybean is an annual, nitrogen-fixing, nutritious, bean crop grown mainly as a pulse and for oil used for human consumption and many industrial uses. It is a very day length sensitive crop with varieties developed for many different latitudes. Soybeans are also used a fresh vegetable. Soy sauce,...
Vegetable Soybean Glycine max
Vegetable Soybean, Soya, EdamameVegetable Soybean cultivation probably originated in northeastern China, a region where wild soybeans exist. These high protein beans are best known as pulses and oilseeds.
Hopi Red Lima Phaseolus lunatus
Hopi Red LimaThe Hopi Red Lima is believed to have originated in Mexico and south-western areas of the United States. ECHO seeds originally came from dry-land regions of Kenya.
Lima Bean Phaseolus lunatus
Lima Bean, Butter Bean, Sieva Bean, Haba BeanLima bean is a vining or bushy, nitrogen-fixing, perennial plant that is grown for the fresh and dry beans. There are two recognized variations, large seeded or lima, and small seeded or sieva type. There is significant variation between varieties, which include annual or perennial, and bushy or...
(True Red) Cranberry Bean Phaseolus vulgaris
(True Red) Cranberry Bean, Shell Bean, Shellouts, Borlotti, French Horticultural BeanThe True RedCranberry Bean is deep red in color like a cranberry but the pod is ivory with red flecks. It is a pole bean that blossoms and sets pods over the course of a growing season. Beans from this species serve as a major protein source for humans. Cranberry Bean was first grown in South...
Nuñas Phaseolus vulgaris
Popping Beans, NuñasFrom findings discovered in a cave in Peru, experts say that nuñas may have been available 11,000 years ago. This discovery indicates Nuñas were around well before the Incas, and perhaps before the common bean ('frijol', Spanish). Because of their age, Nuñas have been called "a kind of witness of...
Winged Bean Psophocarpus tetragonolobus
Winged Bean, Asparagus Pea, Goa Bean, Four Angled Bean, Manila Bean, Kok Tau, Haricot DragonThe Winged Bean is a climbing, nitrogen-fixing, short-lived perennial vine, usually grown as an annual. The pods, beans, leaves, tubers, and flowers of this plant are all edible. It thrives in hot, humid areas where other beans are more likely to succumb to plant diseases.
Adzuki Bean Vigna angularis
Adzuki Bean, Azuki BeanAdzuki bean is a bushy or vining, nitrogen-fixing, annual plant that is moderately drought tolerant. This bean grows best in temperate climates or higher altitudes in the tropics. The young pods, fresh seeds and dry beans are used for human consumption.
Yard Long Bean Vigna unguiculata subsp. sesquipedalis (syn. Vigna sinensis subsp. sesquipedalis)
Asparagus Bean, Yard Long Bean, Snake Bean, Dow GaukAsparagus Beans/Yard Long Beans probably originated in southern China.
Runner Bean Phaseolus coccineus
Scarlet Runner BeanScarlet runner bean is a vigorous, climbing, nitrogen-fixing plant, adapted to areas with cool temperatures. The fresh pods, dry beans, and tubers may all be harvested for food but the tubers must be thoroughly cooked to eliminate toxins. It can also be used as a living mulch and an ornamental...