Los cultivos de raíces y tubérculos contienen grandes cantidades de almidón, las cuales son su principal contribución a la dieta. Las perennes generalmente contribuyen un poco de proteína a la dieta, además del almidón, pero esto varía entre las especies. Muchas raíces y tubérculos contienen sustancias tóxicas o anti-nutritivas, y deben cocinarse antes de comer. (Consulte la nota técnica "Introducción a los cultivos de raíces" para obtener más información).

  1. Turnip Brassica rapa var. rapifera

    Turnips are a cruciferous crop (cabbage family) grown for the edible fleshy taproot. The leaves are also a good nutritious green leafy vegetable. There are also varieties that have been developed as a forage crop.
  2. Wild Mung Bean Vigna vexillata

    Wild mung bean is a perennial, vining, nitrogen-fixing plant with edible beans and tubers. This plant is rarely cultivated but rather pods and tubers are collected from wild plants. It has potential for human food, as well as a green manure or cover crop.
  3. Remolacha Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris


    Las remolachas son un vegetal resistente, de temporada fresca, con hojas comestibles y una raíz carnosa, de raíz roja profunda.
  4. Zanohoria Daucus carota var. sativus

    Zanohoria, Zanahoria

    Las zanahorias se han cultivado en Asia Occidental desde el siglo X A.D. Originalmente su único uso fue medicinal. En general, las zanahorias son un cultivo de climas templados. La variedad Danvers 126, una variedad de 60-70 días, funciona bien en suelos pesados y arcillosos. Scarlet Nantes es...
  5. High Carotene Carrot Daucus carota var. sativus ‘ Beta III’

    Wild carrots (Daucus carota) are native in Western Europe, the Near East, and the Mediterranean region. Wild carrots now are widely distributed in temperate Europe, Asia, and in parts of Africa, Australia, and the Americas. It has become a common weed species in croplands in many portions of its...
  6. Jicama Pachyrhizus erosus

    Jicama is a perennial, nitrogen-fixing vine, reaching 10 m in length, and grown for the edible tuber. Jicama is also used as fodder, green manure, or cover crop.
  7. Leek Allium ampeloprasum

    Leeks are a close biennial relative of both onion and garlic, but do not form bulbs. Leaves are flat and large, when cooked they are milder in taste than onions, and are mainly used in soups and similar dishes.
  8. PAPA, PATATA Solanum tuberosum

    Papa, Patata

    La papa es originaria de los Andes en sud-América. Se la ha venido cultivando por muchos siglos y en la actualidad se la cultiva en la mayoría de las latitudes, pero cuando se la cultiva en los climas húmedos/cálidos de las regiones bajas de los trópicos, las papas son muy suceptibles a muchas...
  9. Radish Raphanus sativus

    Radishes are an annual herb with cylindrical roots up to 65 cm long or round roots up to 8 cm in diameter. They are grown for their slightly spicy roots.
  10. Uberlandia Carrot Daucus carota var. sativus

    Most carrot varieties are temperate biennial plants requiring two years to complete the life cycle. Normally, a cold period during the dormant winter season is required for the first year plants to send up flowering stalks that produce flowers and seeds during the second growing season. Dr....
  11. Potato Bean Apios americana

    Apios americanais a climbing, perennial vine and a member of the legume (Fabaceae) family. Common names for this crop include apios, ground nut, wild bean, bog potato, wild potato, Virginia potato, and Indian potato. The plant, native to eastern parts of North America, was widely cultivated by...
  12. Cassava Manihot esculenta


    Cassava can be grown almost anywhere in the tropics, but is very frost-sensitive. Cassava can survive in dry conditions for a very long period of time and still go on to produce a good crop. It can be an extremely heavy yielder.