Los árboles frutales tropicales proporcionan una fuente confiable de alimentos, a menudo durante las épocas del año cuando el alimento es escaso. Una vez establecidos, los árboles pueden dar frutos incluso cuando las condiciones ambientales fluctúan drásticamente y, por lo tanto, contribuyen a la capacidad de recuperación de la granja. Los árboles frutales, una vez establecidos, requieren menos mano de obra que los cultivos anuales. La mayoría de las semillas de árboles frutales son viables solo por un corto tiempo y, por lo tanto, no siempre están en inventario.

 


  1. Cherimoya Annona cherimola

    Cherimoya

    se cree que las especie de la chirimoya se originó en los valles interandinos de Ecuador, Colombia y Bolivia.
  2. Atemoya Annona squamosa x Annona cherimola

    Atemoya

    La atemoya es un híbrido de la chirimoya (Annona cherimoya) y la anona (Annona squamosa), dos miembros de la familia de la Anona. El nombre proviene de una vieja palabra mexicana “ate” por anona combinada con "moya" de chirimoya. Se han desarrollado muchas variedades cultivables de la atemoya en...
  3. GUANÁBANA Annona muricata

    Guanábana, Anona De México

    Se dice que la guanábana se originó en Sudamérica y las Indias Occidentales.
  4. ANONA Annona squamosa

    Anona, Annona Blanca

    La anona es una especie de árbol frutal del trópico ampliamente distribuido. Se considera en general que su origen es América, donde es frecuentemente cultivado y a menudo puede encontrarse en estado silvestre. La anona tiene además una larga historia de cultivo en India, donde es referida de...
  5. Fruta Estrella Averrhoa carambola

    Fruta Estrella, Fruta Chine, Tamarindo Chino

    La carambola se ha cultivado en el sudeste asiático durante siglos. Hoy en día es una fruta muy popular en los trópicos. El árbol de la carambola es de crecimiento lento, tronco corto con una corona muy ramificada, espesa, ancha y redondeada que alcanza de 20 a 30 pies (6-9 m) de altura. Existen...
  6. Tamarind Tamarindus indica

    Tamarind is an attractive, evergreen, nitrogen fixing tree, growing to 30 m in height, and best adapted to semi-arid conditions. The sweet-tart pulp from the pod is eaten fresh, used as an ingredient in cooking, or made into a refreshing drink. Tamarind wood is used for lumber, firewood, and high...
  7. Jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus

    Jackfruit

    El origen de este alto árbol de hoja como cuero es probablemente la India. Favorece climas tropicales y subtropicales, cálidos y húmedos. Produce la fruta más grande de todas las frutas de árbol, creciendo hasta 1 metro (3 pies) de longitud y 18 kg (40 libras) de peso. Se poliniza por viento e...
  8. Loquat Eriobotrya japonica

    Loquat is a subtropical or tropical high altitude fruit tree growing to 9 m in height. Loquats are most often grown for their fruit, but can be used for timber. The fruits are most often eaten fresh from the tree, cooked into deserts, or made into jam.
  9. Guava Psidium guajava

    Guava is a small evergreen tree to 10 m in height with smooth, thin, flaking bark. The fruit is round, generally yellow and up to 10 cm in diameter. The fruit is eaten fresh or made into juice, jam or a thick guava paste.
  10. Canistel Pouteria campechiana

    Canistel is an evergreen tree typically growing to 8 m but can grow to 30 m. The fruit is yellow and up to 28 cm long and 7 cm wide. The tree and fruit contain a sticky latex and the fruit must be allowed to ripen fully before eating.
  11. Naranjilla Solanum quitoense

    Naranjilla is a thorny, perennial plant, that can reach 2.5 m in height, producing yellowish-orange fruits in a similar fashion to tomatoes. The berries have a subacid flavor and are used to make juices, jams, jellies, and flavoring for ice cream or sherbet.
  12. Tree Tomato Cyphomandra betacea

    Tree tomatoes are small, half-woody, fast growing, solanaceous trees reaching 3 to 5.5 m in height that are native to South American highlands. Tree tomatoes are edible and can be consumed either as a fruit or vegetable. In the tropics, tree tomatoes do best at elevations between 1500 and 2800...
  13. Papaya Carica papaya

    Papaya is not actually a tree, but a large herbaceous perennial that can grow to 10 m in height. The fruits are born in clusters just below the point where the leaves emerge from the upper part of the stem. The fruits can be up to 50 cm long and 20 cm wide and have a thick, yellow to orange flesh...
  14. Black Sapote Diospyros digyna

    Black sapote is a tall, attractive, evergreen tree growing to 25 m in height. It bears round fruit up to 5 cm in diameter, containing custard like, dark, sweet flesh, which is consumed fresh.
  15. Surinam Cherry Cereza De Cayena, Cereza De Cayena, ñanga Piré, Cereza Quadrada

    Este arbusto es nativo de Surinam, Guyana, Guyana Francesa hasta el sur de Brasil (especialmente en los estados de Rio de Janeiro, Paraña, Santa Catharina y Rio Grande), además la parte central, norte y este del Uruguay.
  16. Barbados Cherry Malpighia punicifolia

    Barbados Cherry is a large bushy shrub or small tree native to the Lesser Antilles Islands and neighboring northern
  17. Sapodilla Manilkara zapota

    Zapotillo, Chico Zapote

    The Sapodilla is a fairly slow-growing, upright tree to 18 m (60 ft) or more in height. It is strong and wind-resistant, rich in white, gummy latex. Its leaves are alternate and evergreen, arranging themselves at the tops of each branch. The fruit may be nearly round, oval, or conical in shape....
  18. Jaboticaba Myrciaria cauliflora

    Native to Brazil, Jaboticabas grow at elevations from sea-level to 3,000 ft and are generally sensitive to frost according to varieties.
  19. Strawberry Tree Muntingia calabura

    The Strawberry tree is a fast growing evergreen tree to 13 m in height. The trees bear abundant small red berries that are eaten fresh. Strawberry trees are also used for landscaping and firewood.
  20. Purple Passionfruit Passiflora edulis var. edulis

    Purple Passionfruit is native to South America from southern Brazil southward to northern Argentina. It has been well established commercially in Brazil and is now grown in many areas of the subtropics or in the mid-elevation tropics worldwide. A related form, the more tropical Yellow...
  21. Yellow Passionfruit Passiflora edulis var. flavicarpa

    Yellow passionfruit is a perennial climbing vine, up to 15 m in length, bearing fruits up to 7 cm in diameter. The pulp and seeds may be eaten fresh or the seeds may be removed to eat or use in beverages. Yellow passionfruit is adapted to a more tropical and lowland climate than the purple...
  22. Cattley Guava Psidium cattleianum

    Cattley guava is a small evergreen tree to 10 m in height with smooth, thin, flaking bark. The small fruit is red or yellow and up to 4 cm in diameter. The fruits are eaten fresh, used for jam, and the plant is sometimes used as an ornamental.
  23. Buffalo Thorn Ziziphus abyssinica

    Buffalo thorn is a thorny, bushy shrub or small tree of semi-arid climates, growing to 12 m in height. It is used for its edible fruit and livestock browsing. The tree is good bee forage, and makes good firewood, charcoal, fence posts and furniture. Because of its thorns and tangled branches, the...
  24. Chinese Jujube Ziziphus jujuba

    Chinese jujube is a large shrub or small, somewhat thorny tree to 15 m in height. The fruit is oval, up to 3 cm in diameter and usually consumed fresh. Chinese jujube is adapted to more temperate climates than the Indian jujube (Z. mauritiana).
  25. Indian Jujube Ziziphus mauritiana

    Indian jujube can be a bushy shrub or a tree, drought tolerant, with or without thorns, up to 12 m in height. The ripe fruits are typically 1 cm in diameter; selected varieties may have fruits up to 6 cm long and 4 cm wide, and are usually consumed raw.
  26. Baobab Adansonia digitata

    Baobab trees are large, robust trees that originate from Africa and are found in arid to semi-arid areas. The trees typically grow up to 20-30 meters (m) tall with a diameter of 2-10 m. The tree is used for food, fodder, shelter, and shade. Baobab trees typically grow as solitary individuals and...
  27. Noni Morinda citrifolia

    Mora De La India

    Noni is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing to 10 m in height. It is mainly used for medicinal purposes although the unpleasant smelling fruit is sometimes eaten.
  28. Biriba Rollinia mucosa

    Anón Cimarrón

    Biriba is a semi-deciduous tree, up to 10m in height, that thrives in hot, humid weather, and is related to the Annonas (Soursop, Custard Apple, Atemoya). The fruit, up to 15 cm in diameter, is sweet and creamy, and typically eaten fresh.
  29. Custard Apple Annona reticulata

    anona corazón

    Custard apple is a medium sized, semi-deciduous tree, up to 10 m in height, with large yellow-brown custard textured fruit. The fruit can be up to 15 cm in diameter, has a sweet flavor, and is usually consumed fresh.
  30. Avocado Persea americana

    Aguacate, Palta

  31. Kaffir Lime Citrus hystrix

  32. Tangerine Citrus reticulata

  33. Red Shoot Fig Ficus virens Ait. var. sublanceolta (Miq.) Corn.

  34. Lemon Citrus limon

  35. Cherry Tree Prunus avium