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EDN Número 149 Disponible Ahora 2020-10-16

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Descargar EDN 149


Mitigación del cambio climático centrada en el productor

Tim Motis

Excerpto:

Cómo pueden los pequeños productores contribuir a mitigar el cambio climático? Un artículo en EDN 148 describió los principios sobre los cuales se basan las estrategias presentadas en este artículo de seguimiento. La clave de toda estrategia agrícola para hacer frente al cambio climático es el diálogo con los productores (Figura 1), cuyos conocimientos, experiencia y participación son vitales para el éxito. En nuestras conversaciones debemos distinguir entre adaptación y mitigación. Las estrategias de adaptación aumentan la resiliencia de los productores y reducen su vulnerabilidad a las pérdidas. Las estrategias de mitigación reducen directamente las causas del cambio climático. Algunas prácticas agrícolas son útiles tanto para la adaptación como para la mitigación.  Por ejemplo, una menor labranza hace que un campo sea menos vulnerable a la erosión (adaptación), y a la vez permite que se almacene más carbono en el suelo (mitigación). A continuación se presentan algunas estrategias con las cuales ECHO está familiarizado y que tienen potencial de mitigación además de fomentar la resiliencia de los agricultores (adaptación) al cambio climático. 

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