Plants: Garden Vegetables
African Okra Abelmoschus caillei
Okra originated in Southeast Asia but Abelmoschus caillei is now grown mostly in West and Central Africa, where it has become an important vegetable crop. This variety of okra is particularly popular with subsistence farmers as it can produce a food crop year round, has a higher market value as...
Beets Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris
Beets are a hardy, cool-season vegetable with edible leaves and a fleshy, deep red tap root.
Cantaloupe Cucumis melo
The Cantaloupe is a creeping annual gourd producing round or oval fruits, 10-15 cm (4-6 in) diameter with a rough, scaly, netted outside skin. Cantaloupes were originally grown in the hot, dry savanna regions of Africa and southwest Asia. Egyptian, Chinese and Greek art included this edible fruit...
Chili and Cayenne Pepper Capsicum frutescens
Peppers are recorded as cultivated in Bolivia and Meso-America ca. 16th century. This many-branched, shrubby perennial herb produces more fruit and requires less water and fertilizer than the sweet varieties. C. frutescens bears fruit that point upward and include varieties such as the Tabasco...
Chinese Broccoli Brassica oleracea
The Greeks and Romans used Chinese broccoli as a vegetable 2500 years ago. Its origin is believed to be the Atlantic coastline of Europe and the Mediterranean though it is now cultivated widely in Australia.
Chinese Chives Allium tuberosum
This member of the onion family originated in Southeast Asia and has spread successfully to Europe and North America.
Cucumber Cucumis sativus
Cucumbers probably originated in India and became popular in Greece and Italy. They are now grown worldwide both commercially and in home gardens. The fruit of this vegetable plant is thick, cylindrical, 25-37 cm (6-10 in) long, and shiny green. It can be eaten raw in salads, pickled or cooked in...
Eggplant Solanum melongena
Ancient orgin was probably the Indo-Burmese region or possibly China. The plant has now spread to the tropics, sub-tropics, warm temperate zones and greenhouses in cooler climates.
Egusi Melon Citrullus lanatus
In West Africa, the name Egusi is applied to members of the gourd family having seeds of high oil content. The Egusi melons described here (Nigerian Ibara) are a subspecies of the watermelon species. Both Egusi Ibara and the watermelon are of tropical African origin.
Habanero Pepper Capsicum chinense
This pepper variety was first cultivated in the West Amazon basin and now is grown all over the tropics