Industrial crops provide oils, fiber, or chemicals from leaves, seeds, bark, or roots for income or on-farm use. Plants in our collection are used for edible oil, confection, forage, fiber, fuel oil, or as a pesticide.
Fish Bean Tephrosia vogelii
Fish BeanFish bean is a short-lived perennial, somewhat woody, nitrogen-fixing plant, growing up to 3 m in height. This plant is used for green manure, erosion control, and mulch. It is known to contain rotenoids and can be used as an insecticide and fish poison. Fish bean should NOT be used as fodder for...
Jatropha Jatropha curcas
Jatropha, Barbados Nut, Physic Nut, Purging NutThis drought-tolerant shrub or small tree (up to 6 m/20 ft) originating in Meso America is now cultivated pantropically. It grows under 300-1000 mm annual rainfall and tolerates low soil fertility. The semi-succulent, palmate leaves are deciduous in dry season.
Kenaf Hibiscus cannabinus
KenafKenaf was first grown in Africa (western Sudan). Kenaf is a high-yielding and increasingly popular vegetable for the city markets. Contrary to roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa), it can be grown near the equator. Prospects for increased Kenaf fiber and pulp production are good in view of growing...
Sesame Sesamum indicum
Sesame, Sim Sim, Bene, Sesamo, Agonjoli, BenneSesame is an erect, herbaceous, annual, broad-leaved plant, growing to 2.5 m in height. It is one of the oldest cultivated crops and mainly grown as a field crop for the seeds and especially oil extracted from the seeds.
Sunflower Helianthus annuus
SunflowerSunflowers are tall showy, usually yellow flowers grown for their seeds. The flower head is composed of the showy perimeter ray flowers and the inner disc florets which produce the seeds. As well as being an ornamental plant, sunflower seeds are pressed for oil or used whole as a snack food or...
Vernonia Vernonia galamensis
Vernonia, IronweedThis oilseed plant originated from eastern Africa. Vernonia is grown in tropical locations that are within 20º of the equator because better seed is produced from flowers under short day conditions.
Sweet Sorghum Sorghum bicolor
Sweet Sorghum, Sugar Sorghum, Sorgo, CaneSweet sorghum is an annual plant in the grass family up to 5 m in height. This variety of sorghum is distinguished by the sweet juice contained in the soft pith of the stalk and is mainly grown for syrup and sugar. It may also be planted for forage or silage.
Maize Zea mays
Maize, Corn, Indian Corn, Sweet CornMaize is an annual, warm-climate crop in the grass family, thriving in open sunny environments with daytime temperatures of 20-24C. Maize is used fresh, frozen, canned, rolled and roasted for corn flakes, pressed for oil, or processed for ethanol as fuel. Maize is also an important feed source...