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Insects and other pests can be a serious constraint to food production, especially where resources for pest management are scarce. For example, in EDN 133, we responded to a question about problems with tomato leaf miner (Tuta absoluta) in Nigeria. Heavy infestations of this pest alone can reduce yields by 80 to 100% (Gebremariam 2015). The following  resources continue an effort to strengthen our informational resources on pest monitoring and management.

 

Click here to access Conversations about Pest Control 

Please note that the links listed below may lead to additional resources which have not yet been added to this collection.    Search for more listings and filtering


  1. 01/04/1985 On the small farm, or in the home garden, techniques suitable for the production of food might be quite different from those used in large-scale production systems. The use of machinery, for example, might be impossible or uneconomical, or special small-scale equipment might be needed. The wide...
  2. 22/03/2017 Seed conservation under tropical climates is a great challenge when usual storage technology is lacking. Seed pests and the loss of seed viability are among the main risks faced by farmers and seed banks. ScientistsLawrence et. al.recently found that vacuum sealing significantly reduces stored...
  3. 18/10/2016 Cory Thede, travaillant sur la côte nord d'Haïti, a envoyé une note sur une plante locale de chaya avec une branche (Figure 8) qui s’est transformée en une variété sauvage piquante. Il a fait le commentaire suivant: «Quand je me suis adossé par inadvertance contre elle, j'ai senti des piqûres et...
  4. 19/12/1991 The following are abstracted from an article in the magazine Baobab, #5, 1990. They in turn learned it from "The Farming World" of BBC World Service. First a review. You have read in previous issues of EDN and probably elsewhere about this tree's use in insect control. There are many active...
  5. 20/10/2001 InEDNissue 68, we published an article on treating bednets with insecticide for the prevention of malaria. This is a technique which is currently being widely promoted throughout the developing world. It seems very effective when compared to other low-cost methods of malaria prevention. Since...
  6. 20/07/2003 An article in the March 1998 issue of The IPM Practitioner featured the use of borates to protect wood against termites, wood-boring beetles, carpenter ants and decay fungi.
  7. 19/02/1998 Kerosene Emulsifiable Concentrate is an insecticide (at times it acts as a fungicide) which has a very wide spectrum as far as dealing with various insects is concerned.
  8. 17/07/2017 Les insectes et autres ravageurs peuvent constituer une contrainte sérieuse à la production alimentaire, en particulier lorsque les ressources pour la lutte antiparasitaire sont limitées. Par exemple, dans EDN 133, nous avons répondu à une question sur les problèmes de la mineuse de tomate (Tuta...
  9. 14/12/2016 Insect pests can cause substantial crop losses or even complete crop failure. An insect monitoring strategy helps farmers make informed, timely pest-management decisions. Scouting is an important part of any monitoring approach, but it is probably not practical to walk through fields or gardens...
  10. 20/01/2005 Report on experience using Tithonia diversifolia as a termite repellent for protecting fruit trees in Central African Republic.
  11. 19/06/1992 The U. S. Department of Agriculture is recommending that home gardeners use a cooking oil spray to control aphids, white flies and spider mites.Researchers claim that the oil spray is only about one-third as costly as commercial pesticides with equivalent effectiveness. Recipe for an oil and soap...
  12. 20/06/2011 Vermicompost contains significant numbers of biological organisms capable of suppressing plant diseases on leaf surfaces. This study, done at ECHO in southwest Florida during the spring of 2011, was conducted to evaluate the potential of foliar-applied vermicompost teas for plant disease...
  13. 19/11/1997 Two methods for controlling ticks on goats in the tropics.
  14. 19/03/1993 L. E. Andrews in Houston, Texas. “It sounds like Mr. Mears in Ecuador has a lot of problems with ticks! Marsha Hanzi, Instituto de Permacultura da Bahia, Brazil.“Regarding ticks on cattle, this is also a serious problem in the Brazilian altiplano, where it has been successfully kept within limits...
  15. 01/11/2017 Insect pests can result in substantial losses of stored seed. In West Africa, cowpea bruchids (Callasobruchus maculatus) caused up to 100 percent damage of cowpea seeds stored for a few months (Sallam 1999). Primary pests are those that, in larval stage, feed within intact kernels. Others, such...
  16. 20/07/2003 In addition to controlling termites, boric acid can be used to control cockroaches and ants.
  17. 19/04/1994 See List. Research is currently in progress on another, novel, approach to control of subterranean termites [whichrely on fungi to make suitable food from decaying vegetation carried into the colony]. This approach is to apply fungicides to deprive them of their major food source by controlling...
  18. 19/11/1997 Preliminary research done by the USDAsuggests that the smoke of grapefruit leaves may help control varroa mites, which parasitize bees.
  19. 20/06/2000 Mosquito nets are effective in protecting people sleeping under them as long as the nets have no holes and people are not sleeping up against them. However, a mosquito will continue searching until it finds a way in or finds part of the body that is against the net where it can bite through....
  20. 19/03/1999 Horn flies have been controlled with insecticides in the U.S. since the early 1950s. An alternative, mechanical means of control (horn fly trap) was developed prior to World War II, but this never made its way into mainstream agriculture because of the growing use of pesticides following the war....
  21. 19/10/1993 Iron sulfate can be used to control slugs. Recent laboratory trials in England support the notion that iron sulfate is rapidly absorbed and is highly toxic to slugs.
  22. 15/06/2015 This article is from ECHO Asia Note #24 Increased awareness of the potential of neem tree by creating awareness of its potential would go a long way in promoting its acceptance for pest management and improvement of plant health, animal health, human health, and environmental health.
  23. 19/10/1996 Grasshoppers and locusts cause extensive damage to a wide variety of crops and can be persistent in gardens year after year. Several ideas for their control are presented.
  24. 20/10/2001 Varroa mites (two strains of Varroa destructor), which parasitize the Western honey bee (Apis mellifera) over much of the world, can seriously weaken and even kill honey bee colonies. Some possibilities for control are discussed.
  25. 19/10/1993 ECHO's name symbolizes ideas, information and seeds "echoing" back and forth between ourselves and our overseas network. We owe much of our effectiveness to you. There are many examples in this issue. The most difficult editing decision is always which material to delay. We have enough material...
  26. 15/06/2015 This article is from ECHO Asia Note #24 Increased awareness of the potential of neem tree by creating awareness of its potential would go a long way in promoting its acceptance for pest management and improvement of plant health, animal health, human health, and environmental health.
  27. Key Resource 01/05/1984 Suggests techniques for preventing diseases and pest damage, describes the problems that can develop with each kind of fruit and vegetable, and describes specific remedies.
  28. 12/10/2012 Naturally occurring insecticidal compounds can be extracted from neem seeds and sprayed onto crops to prevent pest insect damage. This 2 minute and 33 second animation explains how to sort neem fruits, dry them, remove their outer shells, sort the seeds, grind them, mix the powder in water,...
  29. 19/04/1994 “In Keralea (southern India) fruit fly (Dacus dorsalis and D. cucurbitae) incidence is severe in mango trees. P. Reghunath and M. Indira describe a low-cost technology to combat this insect pest.”
  30. 20/01/2005 Insect habitat is Fundamental #9. Insects populate and bring stability to your system if you allow the predators and beneficial species a place to live. Plant insect habitat for beneficial species and bait crops for the bad guys. Many pest problems can be minimized with habitat that promotes...
  31. 19/07/1999 The diamondback caterpillar,Plutella xylostella, (larva of amoth) is a very serious pest of cabbage and other crops. When highly fertilized collard greens (B. oleracea, Acephala Group), a related vegetable, are planted completely around a field, moths lay their eggs on the collards rather than on...
  32. 20/01/2005 With all the instant gratification available to the consumer these days, nature seems to take a long time. Stabilizing your soil, pasture and livestock areas don’t happen over night. Nevertheless, Microbial Management with foliar sprays and fertilizers can help in the transition.
  33. 26/09/2017
  34. 23/05/2017 This PPT is an introduction and discussion on "Integrated Pest Management." Integrated Pest Management is:"An ecological approach to pest management that understands the causes of outbreaks, how to manipulate ecosystems and how to evaluate thresholds to determine if control is needed"
  35. 20/01/2011
  36. 28/01/2015 An overview of the workshop topics including integrated pest management, natural herbicides, Beuveria, Trichoderma, etc. Translated from Thai to English.
  37. 28/01/2015 An overview of various microbial pesticide options and how they are used.
  38. 02/02/2016 In this talk, Kittichai gives an overview of integrated pest management (IPM) and one IPM technique, the use of fungi beuveria as a natural insecticide. Kittichai shares how beuveria can be replicated and used in community development projects
  39. Cereals Fruits & Nuts Legumes Other IPM Roots, Tubers & Bananas Vegetables
  40. Agronomy for Sustainable Development Brian Lawrence, Abram Bicksler, Kimberly Duncan Abstract : Prevention of pests while maintaining viable seed during storage is often challenging for smallholder farmers in the tropics and subtropics. Investment in costly technologies or storage equipment is...
  41. CIPM fosters the development and implementation of pest management programs and policies based on a high level of knowledge of pest biology coupled with choices of monitoring tools and control technology, resulting in economically sound, environmentally compatible, and sociologically responsible...
  42. Reviewed by Kristin Davis In EDN 64-5 we reviewed a report from Lowell Fuglie of the Church World Service in Senegal on his successful project with Moringa oleifera. He has published another book with CTA (Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation ACP-EU) on natural crop protection...
  43. Key Resource 01/01/1988 This book is designed as a textbook but can also be used by field workers as a handbook for identitfication of crop pests and diseases. Pests and diseases are listed under each of forty major crops.
  44. Key Resource 24/07/1992 Amazon.com Description Part of a series, this book is written principally for extension staff and other agricultural development officers, teachers and trainers who act in a similar capacity. Each book provides the background, information and knowledge necessary for a basic understanding of an...
  45. Key Resource 01/01/1995 This book is a must reading for all farmers and gardeners in southern Africa region- small scale, large-scale, commercial and subsistance farmers alike. This book aims to return us to a new co-operation with nature by offering a number of tried and tested methods to establish a long-term healthy...
  46. 01/07/2012 “Push-pull” is an intercropping strategy that protects maize and other grain crops against maize stemborer insect larvae (Chilo partellus) and a parasitic weed called striga (Striga hermonthica). In eastern and southern Africa, these pests have caused huge losses in maize and sorghum yields....
  47. Customers worldwide are increasingly demanding agricultural produce free of pesticide residues and demand for biological pest control methods, including the sterile insect technique (SIT), is rapidly increasing. The environment-friendly SIT pest control method involves the mass rearing of the...
  48. This key will to help you identify different insect orders. We are using many examples of insects found in Michigan, but the key will work anywhere. How the Key Works This is a dichotomous key, which means that at each step, you will have two choices. Juststart the keyand answer the simple...
  49. 26/05/2016 Tomato is a valuable crop in Eastern Africa, but the whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) can cause large crop losses if it is not controlled. In this video produced by the World Vegetable Center for the VINESA project, researcherSamail Njauexplains how to identify whitefly, use pest management methods such...
  50. AccessAgriculture Training Video A traditional Central American practice is to bend over the maize stalk to help dry the maize and to protect it from disease and pest damage. If you do this at just the right time, you will harvest more. Maize grains keep growing until a black spot appears at the...
  51. AccessAgriculture Training Video Apprenons comment détecter des charançons du bananier, éviter le transfert aux nouvelles bananeraies et utiliser des pièges à charançons. English French Tamil
  52. AccessAgriculture Training Video Les criquets et les escargots peuvent être un grave problème pour toute sorte de pépinière, car ils rongent les tendres tiges des jeunes plantules. Les chenilles peuvent aussi causer des dégâts, mais plus sur la tomate et le chou que sur le piment. De nombreux...
  53. AccessAgriculture Training Video Les nématodes sont des petits vers très redoutables qui vivent dans le sol et dans les racines de nombreuses cultures et mauvaises herbes. Les nématodes sont plus faciles à prévenir que de contrôler. Le secret est de: cultiver des plantules sains ; détruire toutes...
  54. The fall armyworm is a heavy feeder that quickly destroys the maize crop. It can destroy an entire crop if it is not controlled on time. It can spread fast, and can fly over 30 kilometres in one night assisted by the wind. The fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) derives the name from its’...
  55. The Journal of Nematology is the official publication of the Society of Nematologists (SON) and publishes original papers on all aspects of basic, applied, descriptive, theoretical or experimental nematology. Other categories of papers include invited reviews, abstracts of papers presented at...
  56. The PestSmart Diagnostics package focuses specifically on the skills and methodologies required for field-based diagnosis. It helps plant health practitioners and students to develop and improve their ability to recognise symptoms, relate them to causes, and to identify what is causing the...
  57. 02/02/2010 Featuring the most up-to-date science-based recommendations for keeping plants healthy and productive,The Organic Gardener's Handbook of Natural Pest and Disease Controlincludes hundreds of organic techniques and products for dealing with garden problems. You'll learn how to decide whether you...
  58. AccessAgriculture Training Video Cette vidéo explique comment réduire les infestations de vers et de douves dans le bétail africain. Vous y trouverez des conseils sur la façon de briser le cycle de vie des vers et traiter les bêtes avec des médicaments fiables.
  59. Pest snails and slugs damage plant seeds, seedlings, underground tubers, leaves and fruit. Damage to seedlings often results in the death of the plant, which means major production losses. This web article looks at methods of lessening snail and slug damage usingcultural, chemical andbiological...
  60. 08/02/2018 Speaker Bio: Marites A. Alimurung is from La Trinidad, Benguet. She is one of the researchers at Baguio National Crop Research Development and Production Support Center (BNCRDPSC) at the Bureau of Plant Industry of the Department of Agriculture, Philippines. She is currently involved in organic...
  61. 05/12/2012 The Legume pod borer,Maruca vitrata, causes significant damage to cowpeas in West Africa. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is considered the most important food grain legume in the dry savannas of tropical Africa, where it is grown on more than 12.8 million hectares of land. The pod borer is a serious...
  62. At Pesticide Action Network (PAN) North America, we work to create a just, thriving food system. For too long, pesticide and biotech corporations have dictated how we grow food, placing the health and economic burdens of pesticide use on farmers, farmworkers and rural communities. PAN works with...
  63. 19/10/1994 ECHO was contacted with a vivid description of problems of leaf-cutter ants in Guyana. The farmers even tried building water filled moats around plants but the ants built leaf bridges and crossed right over. Jack bean and Sesame may help control leaf-cutter ants.
  64. Growing plants in general and Jatropha curcas L. in particular requires knowledge and understanding of the environmental conditions these plants require to grow and thrive. Regarding the factors influencing plant growth, an understanding of soils probably is the most important one. In subtropical...
  65. On the face of it, a leafcutter ant’s nest is a perfect picture of harmonious relationships. Worker ants go out to forage for fresh leaf material that they use togrow a fungus(Leucoagaricus gonglyophorous). In return for a mulchy compost of fresh leaves, the fungus breaks down the plant material...
  66. AccessAgriculture Training Video Dans cette vidéo, nous allons apprendre sur une solution qui favorise la croissance des cultures et qui les protège en même temps des ravageurs et des maladies. Anglais Français Marathi
  67. Please note that the links listed below may lead to additional resourceswhich havenot yet been added tothis collection. Search for more listings and filtering
  68. 22/08/2018 Fall Armyworm is here to stay. So, what can be doneto address this threat to food security and farmer incomes? A key to effective management of FAW is farmer access to the full range of technologies used to control the pest. This webinar will walk through innovative tools available in Africa and...
  69. 13/02/2019 Session: There exists a perfect synergy between research and community perceptions and expectations in agro-ecology. Farmer involvement provides evidence-based research questions and fosters in-depth research and constructive findings for the society. The presentation shares strategies for farmer...
  70. Economic Impact of Nematodes Annual crop losses to world agriculture-est $100b and $8b in US Some of most damaging pests of tropical, sub-tropical and temperate agriculture. Root - knot nematodes (RKN) are the most destructive world wide What are nematodes? Small microscopic worm-shaped animals...
  71. Please note that the links listed below may lead to additional resourceswhich havenot yet been added tothis collection. Search for more listings and filtering
  72. Insect management presents a challenge to organic farmers. Insects are highly mobile and well adapted to farm production systems and pest control tactics. On organic farms, where the focus is on managing insects rather than eliminating them, success depends on learning about three kinds of...
  73. 13/11/2018 The Fall Armyworm pest on the Africa continent has dire consequences for food security, especially in countries with heavy reliance on single staple crops susceptible to its effects. In Malawi, where 60% of calories come from maize, Fall Armyworm is devastating. While externally-driven and...
  74. The Central American rust epidemic uncovered dire inefficiencies in disease monitoring and farm-level resources for coping with disease. World Coffee Research is focusing on applied research around plant genetics and farm management, including the need to provide farmers with better guidance on...
  75. Android iOS Wherever you are, browse your library of clear, practical and safe advice for tackling crop problems. Download factsheets for your country* and use them anytime, on or offline. Plantwise is a global programme, led by CABI, to increase food security and improve rural livelihoods by...
  76. Abstract,Malaria Journal, 2008 Larval control of malaria vectors has been historically successful in reducing malaria transmission, but largely fell out of favour with the introduction of synthetic insecticides and bed nets. However, an integrated approach to malaria control, including larval...
  77. Mike Salomons, Conseiller Technique en Agriculture et Moyens de Subsistance du CFGB Plus de 1000 espèces différentes de termites peuvent être trouvées à travers le continent africain! Les termites sont les insectes les plus anciens du monde, certaines reines pouvant vivre jusqu’à 50 ans. Les...
  78. 20/04/2018 The introduction of Fall Armyworm (FAW) (Spodoptera frugiperda) to Africa in 2016 has raised concerns of possible widespread damage of maize and other crops. Stalk borers are a common pest of maize throughout Africa, causing modest damage virtually every year. Armyworms, on the other hand, can...
  79. We are focused on providing the best user experience we can, helping you to discover answers to your inquiries quickly, effectively and precisely. We have a range of content on the Plantwise Knowledge Bank, including, posters, leaflets, video factsheets, etc. For ease of use, we have categorised...
  80. We are focused on providing the best user experience we can, helping you to discover answers to your inquiries quickly, effectively and precisely. We have a range of content on thePlantwise Knowledge Bank, including, posters, leaflets, video factsheets, etc. For ease of use, we have categorised...
  81. 02/05/2019 Session:There exists a perfect synergy between research and community perceptions and expectations in agro-ecology. Farmer involvement provides evidence-based research questions and fosters in-depth research and constructive findings for the society. The presentation shares strategies for farmer...
  82. Fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), FAW, is an insect native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas. Its larval stage (photo) feeds on more than 80 plant species, including maize, rice, sorghum, millet, sugarcane, vegetable crops and cotton. FAW can cause significant yield losses...
  83. 27/04/2018 La chenille légionnaire d'automne (Spodoptera frugiperda) est un ravageur commun dans l'hémisphère occidental qui affecte de nombreuses cultures commerciales, surtout le maïs. Ce lépidoptère vorace (groupe d'insectes comprenant les papillons et les papillons de nuit) a été détecté pour la...
  84. Insects/Pests Ectoparasite control can be one of the most expensive and time consuming parts of being a livestock farmer. It is important to raise healthy animals for food and supplies. When working hard to prevent and fight ectoparasites from harming livestock, many factors need to be...
  85. T. absolutais a pest of great economic importance in a number of countries. Its primary host is tomato, although potato, aubergine, common bean, and various wild solanaceous plants are also suitable hosts.T. absolutais characterized by high reproduction potential. Each female may lay up to 300...
  86. Uninvited guests at your summer cookout can be real pests. So get rid of your annoying insect visitors with a DIY bug trap. But bear in mind that not all the traps you find on the Internet work. Connelly and Ty Ashcraft, an exterminator at Holistic Pet Solutions in Charlotte, North Carolina,...

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