Finger Millet Eleusine coracana

Finger Millet is probably of Indian or African origin. It is widely cultivated in tropical Asia and East Africa and on the rainy slopes of the Himalayas up to 2300 m elevation.

Grain Amaranth Amaranthus cruentus, A. hybridus, A. hypochondriacus

The cultivation of Grain Amaranths as food plants is traceable to ancient Aztec civilizations of Mexico. The Grain Amaranth species are highly variable; some experimentation with strains of available species may be necessary to find one suitable to a new area.

Grain Sorghum Sorghum bicolor

Grain Sorghum was first found growing in Ethiopia. It is now a staple grain crop for 300 million people in Africa, India, China and other areas of the tropics that are hot and dry. Grain Sorghum is the fourth most important cereal grain grown in the world especially in areas where the amount of...

Maize Zea mays L. subsp. mays

Cultivation of corn was known in portions of Mexico and Central America in Pre-Columbian times. Corn use has spread to many other temperate, subtropical, and tropical regions of the globe where it is known as Maize. Among the cereal grains, Maize production worldwide is surpassed only by rice and...

Naked Oat Avena nuda

Naked Oats were first grown in Asia but as a cultivated crop did not appear in recorded history until long after wheat.

Painted Mountain Corn Zea mays

Frank Kutka in Montana, USA (who is helping the developer to promote the corn) brought this seed to ECHO’s attention. Frank wrote, "Corn breeder Dave Christensen has developed a corn that will grow quite far north in the USA (Montana). We wondered if some of the traits bred into...

Pearl Millet Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br. (syn. P. americanum, P. typhoides)

Pearl millet reportedly was domesticated over 4,000 years ago in the West African Sahel, spreading later to East Africa and India. Millets, along with sorghums, have been dominant staple crops in Africa for over a thousand years. More drought-resistant than other cereal crops, pearl millet has...

Proso Millet Panicum maliaceum

Proso Millet was one of the earliest cultivated grains in the world in Central and Eastern Asia. The production of Proso Millet is declining and the crop is being replaced in the human diet by other cereals, especially rice, wheat and maize. However, it will continue to be an important staple in...

Quinoa Chenopodium quinoa

The Incas regarded Quinoa as sacred, referring to it as “mother grain.” It was second in importance only to corn in the Incan Empire, which extended over much of the Andes Mountains in South America. Today, it remains virtually unknown outside of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia,...

Sesame Sesamum indicum

Sesame is one of the oldest cultivated plants in the world. It has been cultivated for some 4,000 years. India and China are the largest producers of Sesame. Other large producers include: Pakistan, Turkey, Thailand, Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda, Venezuela, Colombia, Mexico and Nicaragua....