Plants: Agroforestry Tree Legumes
Acacia mangium Acacia mangium
Acacia mangium can grow to be a tall tree up to 30 m. It is a fast growing tree that can tolerate acidic and degraded soils. This tree grows best with moderate rainfall and full sunlight. It is one of the major leguminous species used in plantation forestry programs throughout Asia and the...
Agati Sesbania grandiflora
Because of its close resemblance to another Sesbania known to have originated in Indonesia, it is thought that S. grandiflora was first grown there as well. It is now found throughout the tropics and subtropics where it can provide crude protein (8.4 g/100 g) for ruminants during dry seasons.
Apple Ring Acacia Faidherbia albida
Apple ring acacias are tall, drought tolerant, deciduous nitrogen fixing trees up to 30 m in height. They are commonly used for inter-cropping with staple crops in dry areas as leaves help mulch and shade crops below. Faidherbia albida is an ideal multipurpose agroforestry tree that is widely...
Calliandra Calliandra calothyrsus
Calliandra is a vigorous, leguminous, bushy tree that can be fast growing on poor soils. The tree responds well to coppicing, is a good fuelwood source and the leaves provide excellent fodder. Calliandra is used to enrich soil and provide stability on steep slopes.
Cassod Tree Senna siamea (Cassia siamea)
This non-nitrogen fixing leguminous tree is native to Southeast Asia. It is now cultivated throughout the tropics.
Coral Tree Erythrina poeppigiana
Coral Tree is a large nitrogen fixing tree up to 35 m in height and used for living fences, shade, mulch, ruminant forage, and alley cropping. The leaves provide very good leaf litter for soil improvement and the tree has been used for shade in cacao plantations.
Black Locust/False Acacia Robinia pseudoacacia
Deciduous tree, native to Eastern and Midwestern USA, elevations to 1070 m (3500 ft), height to 25 m (80 ft), often forms thickets by suckering. White, pendulous pea-like flowers have a sweet aroma and alternate, pinnate leaves have 7-20 leaflets with 2 strong thorns at the base of the petiole....
Fish Bean Tephrosia vogelii
Fish Bean is native to West Africa, but is now found in India, Asia, and other tropical regions.
Flemingia Flemingia macrophylla
Flemingia is a woody, leguminous, deep-rooted shrub native to Asia but now found in Sub-Saharan Africa and Malaysia.
Gliricidia Gliricidia sepium
Gliricidia is a fast growing nitrogen fixing tree up to 15 m in height. It is used for living fences, green manure, fodder, honey production, wind breaks, and fuelwood. This tree tolerates dry, acid, alkaline, and salty soils and was traditionally grown to shade cocoa trees.