ECHOcommunity Actualizaciones

Nueva publicación: ECHO Notas de Centroamérica / Caribe 2017-05-09

La primera edición de ECHO Notas de Centroamérica / Caribe presentó el artículo  "Fabricación de ensilaje en Vichada" escrito  por Dexter B. Dombro. A base de este artículo aprendimos que el ensilaje es un suplemento importante para alimentar al ganado durante las duras condiciones de sequía, cuando las hierbas se secan y pierden sus nutrientes


Extracto: El ensilaje es un producto de granja elaborado cortando hierba fresca u otro forraje verde, mezclándolo con melaza, compactando y luego almacenando para fermentar en condiciones herméticas. El ensilaje, como alimento de ganado, ofrece algunas ventajas importantes.  Desde el punto de vista nutricional, el ensilaje conserva la mayoría de los nutrientes de la hierba fresca; Mientras que el heno, que es hierba seca, pierde la mayoría de sus nutrientes. El ensilaje es rentable porque se produce en la granja eliminando el costo del transporte. En Colombia, en "La Pedregoza" cuesta $ 20,000 Pesos producir 40 kg de ensilaje. Sin embargo, para comprar la misma cantidad de alimentos producidos comercialmente, el costo sería de $ 60,000 Pesos.

En los llanos orientales de Colombia el verano produce una sequía de 4 meses, durante la cual los pastos y forrajes se secan,  y no es posible establecer cultivos alternativos. Mientras el ganado está pastando todo el tiempo, es absolutamente necesario suplementar la nutrición de los animales, para evitar una gran pérdida de peso, o que se enfermen por culpa de desnutrición. Mientras no hay un reemplazamiento para forrajes o pastos nutritivos frescos en términos de nutrición animal, el ensilaje es una manera de preservar la mayoría de los nutrientes requeridos para las vacas. Una ventaja adicional de alimentar el ensilaje a las vacas es que la calidad del estiércol del ensilaje es mejor al preparar compost u otros fertilizantes.

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