Domesticated food producing animals in the world outnumber the human population, two to one. There are thousands of animal species in the world, yet, only a few have been successfully domesticated on a permanent basis and none within the last 2000 years. In fact, five species (cattle, sheep, goats, chickens, and pigs) comprise over 95% of the world's farm animals and all five1 are found in the humid lowland tropics. Of all traditional smallscale animals in the tropics, however, chickens are by far the most common --- as indeed they are worldwide.

The purpose of this resource list is to help Third World families alleviate hunger and poverty by improving small-farm poultry production.



  1. 1983-01-19 The Muscovy is a heavy bird, suitable mainly for meat production. Under good management, with proper feeding, the drakes (male ducks) will reach 4.0-4.5 kg and the ducks 2.0-2.5 kg at 16 weeks, which is usually the age at which the birds are sold to be eaten. Most of the Muscovys are pure white...
  2. 1995-01-01 Domesticated food producing animals in the world outnumber the human population, two to one. There are thousands of animal species in the world, yet, only a few have been successfully domesticated on a permanent basis and none within the last 2000 years. In fact, five species (cattle, sheep,...
  3. 1998-09-01 Many families in the tropics must assume a major role in production of their own foodstuffs. Incomes are so low that purchase of food competes with purchase of necessary items that cannot be hand-made. Most governments in the tropics do not have the resources to guarantee even minimum food to all...
  4. 2003-01-01 Although this document will tell you how to build a particular incubator that I have used for several years, the ideas presented here should assist in building an incubator of any capacity. The orientation here is toward solving the problems in building a kerosene fired incubator in general....
  5. 1983-06-19 We mentioned in the last issue that both Frank Martin with the USDA and Fred Harder with the Heifer Project had told us that for really efficient meat production in the tropics we should be looking at Muscovy ducks. I asked if any of our readers could help us out from their own experience. We...
  6. This article is from ECHO Asia Note #28 农户自产饲料贡献了一个更加可持续发展的农业系统。作物残茬和动物粪便是 植物生产营养循环的一部分。通过使用喜温的堆肥、蚯蚓培养、博卡西和/或绿肥 就能降低投入的成本。农户自产饲料也能通过管理和利用既得资源来减少费用。小 规模的农户购买商业饲料来喂鸡特别是小鸡是非常昂贵的。在这篇 ECHO 亚洲期刊 的文章中,我们将探索多种可供选择的小规模家禽饲料。
  7. 2017-11-01 While availability of food calories has paralleled human population growth in Rwanda, the supply of highly nutritious foods -such as complete protein, fats, and micronutrients -remain insufficient in the Rwandan diet. Past research has shown the barriers to Rwandans raising chickens to be a lack...
  8. 2013-01-20 Village chickens can be found in all developing countries and play a vital role in many poor rural households. They provide scarce animal protein in the form of meat and eggs and can be sold or bartered to meet essential family needs such as medicine, clothes and school fees. Village poultry are...
  9. 1995-10-19 “Probably more people are directly involved in chicken production throughout the world than in any other single agricultural enterprise.” Maintaining and improving the productivity of backyard chicken flocks is important for the wellbeing of rural families. Backyard producers value chickens for...
  10. 2016-04-13 E. B. Sonaiya Department of Animal Sciences Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
  11. 2014-10-27 GALVmed is working to controlND,a contagious and often fatal viral disease affecting all species of birds. ND is an avian strain of paramyxovirus. Severity and Impact is greatest in developing countries, especially with village backyard chickens (BYP).Of an estimated 1.38 billion chickens in...
  12. 2017-02-09
  13. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research has supported the development of the vaccine against New Castle Disease for over 25 years in SE Asia and some African countries. This video presents the success stories of village poultry farmers who, thanks to vaccine program supported by...
  14. University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources.
  15. This guide provides information and advice to those concerned with the production and sale of eggs in developing countries with an emphasis on marketing, i.e. producing in order to meet market demand. Market-led egg production enables long-term business survival, higher profits and a better...
  16. Session:This presentation will be co-presented through a combination of video and discussion. Village chickens play a vital role in the lives of rural poor, providing meat, eggs, and income from sales which meet family needs. They are generally owned by women and children and provide food...
  17. Creole Document onImproving Poultry Production In Haiti
  18. 1965-01-01 This 1965 publication has been prepared to support the increasing efforts being made in developing tropical and subtropical countries to modernize and intensify poultry production as an important source of protective food and better income. In addition to eggs and meat, poutry produce a valuable...
  19. 2019-02-14 Session: This presentation will be co-presented through a combination of video and discussion. Village chickens play a vital role in the lives of rural poor, providing meat, eggs, and income from sales which meet family needs. They are generally owned by women and children and provide food...
  20. 2015-01-20 How to Build Chicken Coops will arm you with the right knowledge and know-how to scout an appropriate site, outfit your tool belt with the necessary equipment, and finally build a comfy and cozy home for your fledgling flock. Raising chickens is a rewarding endeavor and knowing how to keep them...
  21. Abstract -The Journal of Applied Poultry Research Moringa oleiferais known as a miracle tree due to its amazing nutritional and therapeutic properties. Considering its nutritional value,Moringa oleiferaleaf powder can be used as a non-conventional ingredient in poultry diets. This study was...
  22. 2015-03-03 Professor Yusuf presents on his research, which investigates the use of medicinal plants in chicken feed.
  23. It is my hope that you will be encouraged and empowered by the information presented here; that you will raise your own wholesome chickens for meat, process them yourself, and discover the satisfaction that comes with achieving greater food self sufficiency.
  24. 2018-01-03 « Tous les africains sont éleveurs de poules » affirmait un ancien. En effet presque dans toutes les familles africaines, vous trouvez au moins une poule surtout dans nos campagnes. La poule a toujours été un fidèle compagnon de l’homme en Afrique de l’Ouest. C’est sa viande qu’on partage presqu’...
  25. Abstract -Animal Feed Science and Technology, 1999 Chaya leaf meal (CLM) (Cnidoscolus aconitifolius(Mill.) Johnston) was evaluated as a poultry feed ingredient in a series of two pilot studies. In experiment I, diets containing 0, 25, 50 and 75g CLM kg1were fed, ad libitum, to 480 day-old broiler...
  26. AccessAgriculture Training Video By making a base mix that can be fed to all animals, you save time and money. Two thirds of the mix is made from grains, like paddy, maize, sorghum and millet. One third of the mix should be rich in protein and fat. Mill the base mix into a coarse flour. Depending...
  27. AccessAgriculture Training Video In this video, we will visit the rooftop brooders of the women in Fayoum – and we will learn from them the key steps for a successful household chick raising business. Available languages Arabic Bangla English French Kiswahili Luganda Spanish
  28. AccessAgriculture Training Video Provide a bed of wood shavings or dry grass to make it comfortable for the hens to lay their eggs. This helps to reduce moisture and decreases the chance of infestation by parasites. But these small parasitic insects are not the only problem. During their first...
  29. AccessAgriculture Training Video In this video, we will visit the city of Fayoum where a group of women are collaborating in raising chicks by paying close attention to the chicks’ housing, feed and vaccination programs. Arabic Bangla Chichewa / Nyanja English French Hindi Kiswahili Nepali...
  30. 2018-11-14 Sustainable and regenerative farming make sense, but how can it be applied in developing markets? Nick will be discussing the business approach he has brought to farming and how to make the farm successful in the long term. New Roots Haiti farms pastured poultry, pastured pork, and grass fed...
  31. 2016-09-29 l’élevage des volailles est une activité qui occupe la majorité de la population active rurale dans la plupart des pays africains. A ce titre, c’est une importante source de revenus pour plusieurs foyers. Cependant cette activité à fort potentiel économique fait face à des défis qui ne demandent...
  32. 2008-07-20 Swahili Only Kitabu cha kuku wa asili
  33. The Transylvanian Naked Neck is often called Turken. Despite the name, these fowl are necessarily from Transylvania or a it happens Romania since they are found in places around Europe and the Middle East. The Naked Neck has been found in Romania since 1918. Some people think it is a cross...
  34. Abstract, World's Poultry Science Journal, 2013 High ambient temperatures in tropical and subtropical regions adversely affect the growth and egg productive performance of both broiler and laying chickens. Relative humidity and ventilation rate influences bird's performance, particularly when...
  35. Abstract,Department of Genetics and Animal Breeding, College of Veterinary Sciences, G.B.P.U.A&T., Pantnagar - 263145, India, 2002 A population segregating for the naked neck (Na) gene was used to evaluate its effect on fast growing broilers at heat stress. An experimental stock comparable to...
  36. 2016-04-12 About CVN About paper-box hatchery Existing models How to have more eggs and more birds Hatching the eggs Checking for Fertility The idea of selling before producing
  37. Oklahoma State University Department of Animal Science Poultry Chicken Ducks Geese Turkeys Other
  38. AccessAgriculture Training Video Local chickens often produce few chicks because of various reasons. To improve both eggs and chick production, there are some simple measures you can take. By producing more local, healthy chickens, you can better feed your family and make some money. Available...
  39. AccessAgriculture Training Video In this video we will learn how to recognise Newcastle disease, and the signs, causes, prevention, control and management of this devastating disease. Available languages Chichewa / Nyanja Chitonga / Tonga English French Kiswahili Luganda Spanish Tumbuka
  40. AccessAgriculture Training Video Dirty drinking water, unclean surroundings, and improper food cause many diseases in chicken. Clean the coop area and remove the poop and spoiled feed every day. You can purify the drinking water with turmeric powder or potassium permanganate. Feed chickens a...
  41. 2016-04-13 What is Newcastle disease? Newcastle disease (ND) is a highly contagious, severe viral disease found worldwide that affects birds including domestic poultry. ND is endemic in all parts of Nigeria and is more common during the harmattan season (October –March) with the virus remaining dormant most...