Definición de la FAO:

Gestión Integrada de Plagas (GIP) significa la consideración cuidadosa de todas las técnicas de control de plagas disponibles y la posterior integración de medidas apropiadas que desalienten el desarrollo de poblaciones de plagas y mantengan los plaguicidas y otras intervenciones a niveles económicamente justificados, y reduzcan o minimicen los riesgos para la salud humana y el medio ambiente. GIP enfatiza el crecimiento de un cultivo saludable, con la menor alteración posible de los agroecosistemas, y fomenta los mecanismos naturales de control de plagas.



  1. En el sistema de empujar y jalar, cultivos que repelen plagas y/o atraen depredadores de plagas se incorporan al maíz, para “empujar” lejos las plagas del cultivo principal. Las plantas que atraen a las plagas se siembran alrededor del campo, para “jalar” a estas del maíz. La incorporación de...
  2. Recurso clave
    7/4/2021 El daño causado por la alimentación de insectos u otra actividad de insectos puede parecerse a muchas enfermedades bacterianas, fúngicas o virales o síntomas de deficiencia de nutrientes de las plantas. Antes de tomar medidas contra una sospecha de infestación de insectos, verifique que los...
  3. 18/10/2019 Cuando se menciona el tema del manejo de plagas agrícolas, la mayoría de las personas piensan primero en la vigilancia de las plagas o en la intervención para reducirlas: la observación, la identificación de las plagas, y/o la aplicación de plaguicidas son algunas prácticas específicas. Sin...
  4. Recurso clave
    6/4/2021 Parte 2 de 4 de una serie sobre el Manejo Integrado de Plagas (MIP) Las plagas de insectos afectan todas las formas de la producción agrícola, desde los cultivos de campo con alta densidad de siembra hasta las plantas de vivero de alto valor y los cereales en almacenamiento. Un plan de manejo de...
  5. 6/7/2021 Una de las decisiones más críticas que un productor toma durante la época de siembra es cómo controlar eficazmente las plagas para preservar la productividad y el valor económico de un cultivo. La reacción de un productor al ver plagas en sus cultivos o granos es intervenir para proteger su medio...
  6. Recurso clave OISAT is an information management concept on non-chemical pest management in the tropics comprising two components: OISATInfo is a web-based information tool offering trainers, extension workers and farmers a quick access to up-to-date information for their work and for organizing agricultural...
  7. 2/2/2016 In this talk, Kittichai gives an overview of integrated pest management (IPM) and one IPM technique, the use of fungi beuveria as a natural insecticide. Kittichai shares how beuveria can be replicated and used in community development projects
  8. 23/5/2017 This PPT is an introduction and discussion on "Integrated Pest Management." Integrated Pest Management is:"An ecological approach to pest management that understands the causes of outbreaks, how to manipulate ecosystems and how to evaluate thresholds to determine if control is needed"
  9. 20/1/2011
  10. Cereals Fruits & Nuts Legumes Other IPM Roots, Tubers & Bananas Vegetables
  11. An integrated approach to plant protection The mission of the International Association for the Plant Protection Sciences (IAPPS) is to promote and support an integrated, scientific approach to plant protection. Embracing a wide range of research approaches, technologies and practices, IAPPS aims...
  12. CIPM fosters the development and implementation of pest management programs and policies based on a high level of knowledge of pest biology coupled with choices of monitoring tools and control technology, resulting in economically sound, environmentally compatible, and sociologically responsible...
  13. AccessAgriculture Training Video Los atrayentes alimenticios se pueden fumigar en manchas o usar en trampas. Las moscas de la fruta detectan los atrayentes alimenticios a cortas distancias de hasta 10 metros. Algunos atrayentes contienen un insecticida natural que se permite en la producción...
  14. Access Agriculture Training Video Weaver ants help to protect your fruit and nuts from fruit flies and many other pests. If you don’t have weaver ants in your orchard yet, collect all the nests from an ant colony and transfer them to one of your fruit trees. Help the ants to spread to more trees...
  15. Access Agriculture Training Video It takes a few minutes for a fruit fly to find a suitable spot on the mango and inject her eggs under the skin of the fruit. But even in that short time, the weaver ants will have either chased her away or have captured her. Their scent also helps. When other...
  16. AccessAgriculture Training Video Las moscas de la fruta inyectan sus huevos en la fruta. Una sola mosca de la fruta puede poner cientos de huevos, que se convierten en gusanos blancos que comen el interior de la fruta. Si no se toma acciones, las moscas de la fruta rápidamente crecen en número y...
  17. Access Agriculture Training Video Intercropping or rotating cereal crops with legume crops are two of the strategies of integrated striga and soil fertility management. But keeping quality legume seed has two major challenges. First, the seed easily loses its ability to germinate. And second, we...
  18. Access Agriculture Training Video This video looks at various modern methods of integrated biological control in the fight against the pests of palm trees. It features the use of intercropping, light traps and environmentally-friendly organic pesticides. Available languages Arabic English French...
  19. The Official Journal of theInternational Association for the Plant Protection Sciences The Editors ofCrop Protectionespecially welcome papers describing an interdisciplinary approach showing how differentcontrol strategiescan be integrated into practicalpest managementprograms, covering high and...
  20. Abstract - International Journal of Zoology, 2016 Integrated pest management (IPM) is an environmentally friendly technology. IPM is a multifaceted approach to pest management that seeks to minimize negative impacts on the environment. This technique is an important step towards providing...
  21. Journal of Integrated Pest Managementis an open access, peer-reviewed, extension journal covering the field of integrated pest management. The Editors-in-Chief are Dr. Marlin E. Rice (formerly with Iowa State University) and Dr. Kevin L. Steffey (formerly with the University of Illinois). The...
  22. Our concept in creating this site is to provide an electronic alternative or complement to printed textbooks for communicating information on integrated pest management (IPM). Our objectives are to provide: a venue for easily maintaining and up-dating "state of the art" information from the...
  23. The PestSmart Diagnostics package focuses specifically on the skills and methodologies required for field-based diagnosis. It helps plant health practitioners and students to develop and improve their ability to recognise symptoms, relate them to causes, and to identify what is causing the...
  24. 15/12/2017 This book provides up-to-date and comprehensive coverage of the research and application of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in tropical regions. The first section explores the agro-ecological framework that represents the foundations of IPM in addition to emerging technologies in chemical and...
  25. Abstract, Tropicultura, 2012 Jatropha curcas L. seed oil is proven to be toxic to many microorganisms, insects and animals. Despite its toxicity, Jatropha is not pest and disease resistant. The following major pests and diseases affecting Jatropha in the lower valley of the Senegal river have...
  26. The Fall Armyworm is an insect that can damage your maize plants or even cause you to lose your whole maize crop. The best way to protect your maize crop is to scout early and treat early. In this animation, we will explain how to scout for the fall armyworm, so you can take action to protect...
  27. AccessAgriculture Video Ningún producto cura el rizado de las hojas del tomate. La enfermedad es diseminada por la mosca blanca. La enfermedad se maneja con la prevención. Una casa de malla puede proteger su almácigo. Un borde de cereales alrededor de las hortalizas ayuda a bloquear a la mosca...
  28. Fall armyworm (FAW) poses a serious threat to food security in sub-Saharan Africa. Originally from the Americas, FAW outbreaks first occurred in West Africa in early 2016 and are now on the precipice of devastating food supplies across the continent, exacerbating global poverty and hunger. FAW...
  29. 20/1/2018 This FAW IPM Guide is designed for use by professionals in plant protection organizations, extension agencies, research institutions, and Governments, whose primary focus is smallholder farmers and the seed systems that support them. The FAW IPM Guide is meant to provide an important foundation...
  30. Before discussing the key ecological principles and approaches to soil management, let’s first see how amazing plants really are. They use a variety of systems to defend themselves from attack by insects and diseases. Sometimes they can just outgrow a small pest problem by putting out new root or...
  31. The fundamentals of managing pests in protected structures are very similar in many respects to managing pests in field crops. The grower must still develop a management plan, assembling pertinent information for identifying, monitoring and controlling specific pests before planting. Integration...
  32. The NPDN was established in 2002 in response to the need to enhance agricultural security through protecting health and productivity of plants in agricultural and natural ecosystems in the U.S. With support from the USDA-NIFA and through the collective efforts of many individuals representing...
  33. Abstract, Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 2014 April Farming systems for pest control, based on the stimulo-deterrent diversionary strategy or push–pull system, have become an important target for sustainable intensification of food production. A prominent example is push–pull developed in...
  34. 13/2/2019 Session: There exists a perfect synergy between research and community perceptions and expectations in agro-ecology. Farmer involvement provides evidence-based research questions and fosters in-depth research and constructive findings for the society. The presentation shares strategies for farmer...
  35. AccessAgriculture Training Video Aprovechando a los amigos de los agricultores y de las plantas locales, para que la naturaleza le ayude a manejar el cogollero y sacar una buena y sana cosecha. Idiomas disponibles: Amhárico Bambara Bangla Chichewa / Nyanja Chitonga / Tonga Dholuo Dioula Español...
  36. icipeis a tropical organisation with a tropical agenda. But why study insects? Because in the tropics, insects are a fact of life to be reckoned with. Insects pose a great risk to food production, often causing the loss of entire crops and destroying about half of all harvested food in storage....
  37. Session:There exists a perfect synergy between research and community perceptions and expectations in agro-ecology. Farmer involvement provides evidence-based research questions and fosters in-depth research and constructive findings for the society. The presentation shares strategies for farmer...
  38. Abstract, 2017, Journal of Integrated Pest Management The fall armyworm,Spodoptera frugiperda(J. E. Smith 1797) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), is the most important corn pest in South America. Larvae feed mostly on leaves, but also ears when population densities are high. This pest has been...
  39. Abstract, 2018, Outlooks on Pest Management Fall armyworm (FAW)Spodoptera frugiperdainvaded Africa, with the first detections being reported in Central and Western Africa in early 2016, and now affects at least 40 countries in Africa, causing up to total crop loss amounting to over $6.2 billion...
  40. Growing maize is hard work and pests make it even harder. Insect pests can attack your maize crop and destroy it, affecting your family's nutrition, or costing you money. This animation will take you through the steps of protecting your field from pests like the stem borers by using a push-pull...
  41. The fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) is becoming a household name around the world, but not for good reasons – the pest, native to the tropical and subtropical Americas, devours over 300 plant species, including maize, which feeds millions of people every day. In Africa alone, the fall...
  42. View a how-to video for using natural enemies against the devastating millet head miner. Factsheet
  43. Abstract,Outlooks on Pest Management, 2018 Rapid dissemination of critical and accurate information to low-resource and poorly literate people in crisis situations has long been a challenge. Historically, print media as well as radio and television have served as major delivery channels. With the...
  44. This comprehensive catalogue has been compiled in response to the need for greater access to training and extension materials in tropical and subtropical regions. Drawn from sources worldwide, the catalogue is designed to assist all those working in crop protection to develop and implenet...
  45. 1/1/2012 This manual from the University of California Statewide IPM Program is the most comprehensive, practical field guide ever developed for setting up and carrying out an IPM program in any type of crop or landscape. IPM in Practice features IPM strategies for weed, insect, pathogen, nematode, and...
  46. AccessAgriculture Training Video A diferencia de los demás insecticidas botánicos, las plantas absorben el extracto de nim por sus raíces y hojas, distribuyéndolo por toda la planta. Por esa razón, el nim puede ayudar a controlar a las plagas como los minadores de hojas, que se alimentan dentro...
  47. AccessAgriculture Training Video Fumigar con plaguicidas es caro y muchas veces no controla esta plaga. Visite su parcela dos veces a la semana durante las primeras 6 semanas y mate a mano las masas de huevos y cogolleros jóvenes. Es importante Idiomas disponibles: Amhárico Bambara Bangla...
  48. AccessAgriculture Training Video Los agricultores en Tailandia comparten sugerencias prácticas para reducir la probabilidad de que la cochinilla llegue a su yucal. Hay que plantar en buen momento; usando buenas estacas; desinfectando las estacas; protegiendo a los insectos benéficos; e...
  49. AccessAgriculture Training Video Las feromonas atraen y ayudan a matar a los machos, a modo que no pueden aparearse con las hembras. Y sin aparearse, las moscas hembras no podrán poner huevos. Para atraer a las moscas machos con feromonas, matarlos y proteger las feromonas de la lluvia, hay que...
  50. AccessAgriculture Training Video Puedes controlar fácilmente los áfidos usando algunas prácticas orgánicas, tales como aspersión de la ceniza, la pulverización con una solución de jabón o neem y por un cultivo trampa. Idiomas disponibles Bambara Bangla Birmano Chichewa / Nyanja Dioula Español...
  51. Access Agriculture Training Video One fruit fly can lay a few hundred eggs during her life. Fruit flies puncture the skin of fruit to lay their eggs, which cause the fruit to drop prematurely and rot. The worms that hatch from these eggs leave the spoilt fruit after one week and crawl into the...
  52. Access Agriculture Training Video Unless you identify the pest at an early stage, much of the crop can be lost.By combining different organic methods, you will harvest a lot more rice and make more money. Available languages English French Tamil
  53. AccessAgriculture Training Video La manera más fácil de detectar a los gorgojos es con bandas pegajosas, que se compran en la agropecuaria. Cuando hay frutos tiernos, queme las hojas de algunas plantas. El humo no mata a los insectos, pero los ahuyenta. Destruya los frutos caídos y semillas en 3...
  54. AccessAgriculture Training Video Al mantener barreras vivas con flores alrededor de sus parcelas, se cuida la vida de la nina nina y de otros insectos buenos. Y es más fácil producir quinua sin insecticidas y conservar nuestro suelo fértil. Idiomas disponibles Bambara Español Francés Inglés...
  55. 4/10/2021 Este artículo es la cuarta y última parte de la serie de Manejo Integrado de Plagas (MIP) de ECHO centrada en las plagas de insectos. Los tres primeros artículos sobre prevención de plagas [http://edn.link/prevent], monitoreo [http://edn.link/ipm2], ycontrol [http://edn.link/ipm3] están...