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The USDA defines organic agriculture as “a production system that is managed to respond to site-specific conditions by integrating cultural, biological, and mechanical practices that foster cycling of resources, promote ecological balance, and conserve biodiversity.”

More specifically, organic farming entails:

  • Use of cover crops, green manures, animal manures and crop rotations to fertilize the soil, maximize biological activity and maintain long-term soil health.
  • Use of biological control, crop rotations and other techniques to manage weeds, insects and diseases.
  • An emphasis on biodiversity of the agricultural system and the surrounding environment.
  • Using rotational grazing and mixed forage pastures for livestock operations and alternative health care for animal wellbeing.
  • Reduction of external and off-farm inputs and elimination of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers and other materials, such as hormones and antibiotics.
  • A focus on renewable resources, soil and water conservation, and management practices that restore, maintain and enhance ecological balance.

---- Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education



  1. Abstract: ,International Journal of Agricultural Science, 2016 This research was conducted at the field research station and in the Laboratory of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Halu Oleo, Kendari, Indonesia in 2016. This study aimed to determine the effect of using a...
  2. OUR MISSION The mission of Sustainable Organic Integrated Livelihoods (SOIL) is to promote dignity, health, and sustainable livelihoods through the transformation of wastes into resources. We achieve this through developing social business models around ecological sanitation (EcoSan), a process...
  3. Modern research on the use of wood vinegar was first carried out in Japan in the early 1950s. It was reported to be effective against: rosette or green mosaic in wheat, nematode in sweet potato, tobacco mosaic, powdery mildew in leafy vegetables, leaf miner and other insect pests. However, due to...
  4. 2017-05-22 Natural farming is a system that is integrated, holistic, sustainable, small-scale and organic. This presentation encourages Nepal's producers to realize the potential in pursing natural farming practices over subsistence farming.
  5. Insect management presents a challenge to organic farmers. Insects are highly mobile and well adapted to farm production systems and pest control tactics. On organic farms, where the focus is on managing insects rather than eliminating them, success depends on learning about three kinds of...
  6. The fall armyworm is a heavy feeder that quickly destroys the maize crop. It can destroy an entire crop if it is not controlled on time. It can spread fast, and can fly over 30 kilometres in one night assisted by the wind. The fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) derives the name from its’...
  7. EOA Documentary English Subtitles
  8. Abstract,International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering (IJITEE), 2019 The present study aimed at analysis of a sustainable technique of framing, thus economizing the land area through management of space, and also increasing the farming output, improved management of...
  9. Workingto lead, unite and assist stakeholders from every facet of the organic movement. With offices and networks across the globe,IFOAM - Organics International ensures that the organic voice is heard on both a regional and global level. Organics International has occupied an unchallenged...
  10. A slideshow documenting the process for making straws from bamboo.
  11. OUR WORK GO Organics’ mission is “Empowering Regenerative Agriculture + Peace”. To achieve the mission, having sustainable development is fundamental. The United Nations’ 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) (see below) often view as a global macro undertaking only achievable by the government...
  12. Organic Without Boundaries is a blog byIFOAM – Organics International. Uncover interesting stories about organic agriculture and the people working to build a more sustainable world.
  13. FiBL is an independent, non-profit, research institute with the aim of advancing cutting-edge science in the field of organic agriculture. FiBL’s research team works together with farmers to develop innovative and cost-effective solutions to boost agricultural productivity while never losing...
  14. 2013-10-02
  15. Outreach is one of the information dissemination strategies of Biovision Farmer Communication Programme. The goal of our outreach is to provide a one–stop information and knowledge hub for farmers in their localities. FCP Outreach has 22 field staff based in 13 resource centres in several regions...
  16. Tanzania Organic Agriculture Movement (TOAM) is a registered NGO formed in 2005 under the NGO Act of 2002. We are an umbrella organization that coordinates and promotes the development of organic farming among farmers, distributors and consumers through networking and information distribution....
  17. Abstract,Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 2005 Organic and low-input farmers often plant seed varieties that have been selected under conventional practices, traditionally including high inputs of artificial fertilizers, crop protection chemicals and/or water. In addition, these crops are...
  18. 2017-11-14 The Asian Rural Institute teaches servant leadership on an organic farm. Hear from a graduate how that impacted her work in Cambodia and Northeast India. Learn how you could get involved as a volunteer, intern or participant at ARI.
  19. This article is from ECHO Asia Note # 41. [Editor’s Note: Anthony Wong the Managing Director of the Frangipani Langkawi Resort in Langkawi, Malaysia andis a longtime steward of green initiatives in Malaysia and the region. Using constructed wetland systems, grey water at his hotels are cleaned...
  20. 2013-10-02
  21. 2018-02-08 Speaker Bio: Mr. Jeffrey Laruan is a local church Pastor and an organic farmer. He was born in July 5, 1953. He finished his Theology Degree at Nazarene Bible College. He grew up as a farmer and shifted to Organic Farming in 2005. His farm “Lily of the Valley Organic Farm” is accredited under ATI...
  22. The USDA defines organic agriculture as “a production system that is managed to respond to site-specific conditions by integrating cultural, biological, and mechanical practices that foster cycling of resources, promote ecological balance, and conserve biodiversity.” More specifically, organic...
  23. 2018-03-20 Community supported agroecology thriving in China Farmers ensure safe water for New York City Agroecology is the way forward for Africa Organic and agroecology Women in Brazil build autonomy with agroecology Land grabbing threatens agroecology Rice Intensification in India Peasant agroecology in...
  24. Karl-Johan Bergstrand, Organic fertilizers in greenhouse production systems – a review, Scientia Horticulturae, Volume 295, 2022, 110855, ISSN 0304-4238, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2021.110855. Abstract: From a sustainability point of view, there are strong arguments of nutrient recycling...
  25. 2005-12-20 Tools for influencing policy Promoting organic agriculture in Uganda Small-scale agriculture and food security policies Arvari Sansad - the famers' parliament RAAA in Peru Improved fallows and local institutions Policy development in the organic movement Changing animal health policies Working...
  26. 2007-03-20 Collective action for biodiversity and livelihoods Keeping people on the land The Lagos State Fish Farmers' Association Development dilemmas and farmers' organisations Organic Farming FFS networks in East Africa The Malabing Valley Multipurpose Co-operative Farmer organisation and market access...
  27. 2001-12-20 Genetic engineering Biotechnology GMO-free breeding for organic agriculture SRI The push-pull system GM soybeans Organic cottonproduction Plants protecting other plants Farming futures in India
  28. JADAM is a group of organic farmers that was established in 1991 by Youngsang Cho. JADAM’s activities are based on its website www.JADAM.kr and has nearly 75,000 members as of March 2020. The objective of JADAM is to bring farming back to the farmers; to restore the farmers’ sovereignty in...
  29. Soil and climate conditions in India's drylands make them particularly well suited to organic agriculture. These marginal lands, with their marginal soils, tend not to respond well to intensive farming practices. They are actually better suited to low-input farming systems that make ample use of...
  30. Organic Eprints is an international open access archive for papers and projects related to research in organic food and farming. The archive contains full-text papers in electronic form together with bibliographic information, abstracts and other metadata. It also offers information on...
  31. This study examines the relationship between organic agriculture and food security in Africa, particularly East Africa, which is where the CBTF has been implementing a project on organic agriculture since 2004. Organic agriculture is a holistic production system based on active agroecosystem...
  32. Access Agriculture Training Video By keeping live barriers with flowers around your fields, you help to protect the wasps and the other good insects. And it is easier to produce quinoa without insecticides while conserving our fertile soil. Available languages Arabic Bambara English French...
  33. Lightning Talk, ECHO International Agriculture Conference, November 19, 2020 Bio liquid fertilizer, organic liquid fertilizer Hawken Sawyer and Lyle Carlson
  34. 1997-07-19 User-producer tools development Values-based rural develoment Palm sugar Controlling chickens Rats, bats and traps An innovative organic farming Controlling house flies Ecology education in Peru

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