Rate This Resource


Intercropping can be defined as a multiple cropping system that two or more crops planted in a field during a growing season. ... Row-intercropping, mixed- intercropping, strip-intercropping and relayintercropping are most important types of intercropping.

Google Scholar - Intercropping Tropics


  1. Rating: 5.0 - 1 Vote
    2017-05-26 By integrating legumes into cropping systems, small-scale farmers in low-resource settings can invest in the long-term health and resilience of their soils. Success or failure depends largely on choosing the right legume(s). With that in mind, this document presents insights on legume selection...
  2. Green manure crops are crops that are [often times in North America] grown to be turned under to increase soil fertility. Leguminous green manure crops ( i.e., those which can make nitrogen fertilizers from atmospheric nitrogen) can offer small-scale Third World farmers a tremendous number of...
  3. 2011-07-01 This article is from ECHO Asia Note #10 Introduction During the late rainy season, the permanent hill fields that surround a cluster of hilltribe villages in the Chiang Dao district of northern Thailand radiate various hues of green. These verdant fields, belonging to ethnic Lisu, Lahu, Akha,...
  4. Rating: 4.0 - 1 Vote
    2015-11-18 Dr. Motis and Betsy Langford were introduced to the 2-4-2 system by Dr. B.B. Singh at the Ukulima Farm research station in South Africa in Feb. of 2015. They subsequently planned and conducted this experiment with other legumes at the main ECHO campus in North Fort Myers, Florida.
  5. The 2:4 maize–double cowpea system consists of 4 rows of cowpea and 2 rows of maize, all planted on the same day. The second cowpea crop is planted after the first has been harvested (about 60 days after planting).1 The maize and cowpea are densely planted. The objective of this trial is to gain...
  6. The 2:4 maize–double cowpea system consists of a repeating sequence of 4 rows of cowpea alternated with 2 rows of maize. Maize and cowpea are planted on the same day. The second cowpea crop is planted after the first has been harvested (about 60 days after planting).1The objective of this trial...
  7. 2017-11-01 Green manures / covercrops (GMCCs) are widely recognized as having potential to help farmers improve crop yields and maintain high soil quality. Developed by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, 2-4-2 is an intercropping strategy in which two rows of maize are alternated with four...
  8. 2015-02-03
  9. 2012-07-01 “Push-pull” is an intercropping strategy that protects maize and other grain crops against maize stemborer insect larvae (Chilo partellus) and a parasitic weed called striga (Striga hermonthica). In eastern and southern Africa, these pests have caused huge losses in maize and sorghum yields....
  10. AccessAgriculture Training Video In the wider space between the double rows of pineapple, you can grow beans or groundnuts during the first year. This improves the soil. Most farmers cut down all the trees to establish pineapple gardens. But they are wrong. In fact, pineapples grow best and give...
  11. Authors: T.N. Motis, J.M. Longfellow, A.D. Jani, B.J. Lingbeek, C.J. D¿Aiuto, J.C.J. Bergen Keywords: Moringa oleifera, intercropping, legumes,Vigna unguiculata,Canivalia ensiformis,Cajanus cajan,Lablab purpureus, alley cropping DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1158.11 Abstract: In Limpopo Province...
  12. AccessAgriculture Training Video It is important to pull striga weeds with your hands before the time it produces seeds and spreads. As it is laborious, better reduce the number of striga plants by applying compost or manure, and by rotating or intercropping with non-cereal crops, such as cowpea....
  13. AccessAgriculture Training Video Farmers in northern Nigeria are changing the way they intercrop their sorghum and millet with cowpea. By planting both crops at higher densities and in separate rows, and by applying some organic and mineral fertilizer, they harvest more and reduce damage by the...
  14. Abstract, 2018, Sustainability Saline irrigation water can lead to salt buildup and reduced crop yields. Halophytic plants are known to accumulate excess salts in tissues, removing them from the immediate environment. This two-phase experiment explored the feasibility of intercropping watermelon...
  15. 2015-03-26 Through research in South Africa, ECHO has been developing best-practicesfor growing Moringa and other crops. This reasearch, through the Howard G. Buffet Foundation, demonstrates growing Moringaon a large scale for powder production including soil fertility management and pruning. This...
  16. AccessAgriculture Training Video Legumes like pigeon peas take nitrogen from the air and deposit it into the soil. When pigeon peas are intercropped the root nodules release valuable nitrogen to the other crop. Any roots, leaves or stems of the pigeon pea plant that stay in the field also help to...
  17. AccessAgriculture Training Video This video looks at various modern methods of integrated biological control in the fight against the pests of palm trees. It features the use of intercropping, light traps and environmentally-friendly organic pesticides. Arabic English French
  18. 2014-10-20 Nathanael Szobody submitted the following in response to an update in EDN 123 on research ECHO is doing in South Africa. We thought these comments were particularly interesting and insightful, as they illustrate the contribution that farmers can make to further our understanding of agricultural...
  19. Abstract ,Crop Protection, 2015 Weeds are a hidden foe for crop plants, interfering with their functions and suppressing their growth and development. Yield losses of 34% are caused by weeds among the major crops, which are grown worldwide. These yield losses are higher than the losses caused by...
  20. Rating: 2.0 - 1 Vote
    1998-05-19 Sweet potato produces tubers when it is STRESSED. That is why, in intercropping, it produces more leaves and fewer tubers.
  21. Foundations of Farming was born out of a man relationship with the earth. Rather than using deep soil inversion along with burning, the author took a lesson from God and the way the earth nourished itself and began farming in that manner. The author came up with the idea of Zero-tillage and using...
  22. Rating: 3.0 - 1 Vote
    1997-11-19 If I intercrop sweet potato with taller plants, how much will that reduce the productivity of the sweet potato?
  23. Rating: 4.0 - 1 Vote
    2014-04-20 EDN 122 highlighted multi-purpose cowpea varieties with spreading vines that cover the soil. Below is an ECHO research update from South Africa relating our experience so far with a spreading cowpea variety intercropped with maize grown in a Foundations for Farming (FFF) system. “Living carpet”...
  24. 2018-01-20 Rice is the most important food crop, both worldwide and for China. To achieve a transition towards sustainable rice production based on agroecology, biodiversity is a crucial component. Through China’s long history of agricultural development, many rich experiences of harnessing biodiversity in...
  25. 2019-01-29 More than 4 million people in the West African Sahel are facing hardship following dry spells and increased food prices. In June, the FAO sent nearly $10 million in aid for drought-stricken farmers in the region, who depend upon rainfed agriculture. Recurring drought, increased populations, and...
  26. Abstract, 2011, Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences Agricultural sector as important economic activities in various communities requires coherent planning in order to achieve development and confront with crises. Sustainable agriculture is more efficient in use of resources...
  27. Abstract, 2014, New Phytologist Trust Intercropping is a farming practice involving two or more crop species, or genotypes, growing together and coexisting for a time. On the fringes of modern intensive agriculture, intercropping is important in many subsistence or low‐input/resource‐limited...
  28. Abstract, 2012, International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry The economics of production and profitability of intercropped pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp] genotypes with maize [Zea mays L.] and sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] were studied in two separate field experiments in 2007...
  29. Abstract, 2016,Soil Use and Management Autumn maize intercropped with tropical forages can raise the amount of crop residues and improve nutrient cycling, favoring subsequent soybean crop. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of forms of implementation of intercropping of...
  30. Abstract, 2018, Mountain Research and Development Residue burning to prepare soil for maize growing deprives the soil of both protective cover and organic matter, and it exacerbates environmental issues such as Southeast Asia's haze problem. This paper reports on a study that evaluated the...
  31. Abstract, 2012, Journal of Insect Science Intercropping is one of the important cultural practices in pest management and is based on the principle of reducing insect pests by increasing the diversity of an ecosystem. On—farm experiments were conducted in villages of semi—arid tropical (SAT)...