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Mushroom cultivation can help reduce vulnerability to poverty and strengthens livelihoods through the generation of a fast yielding and nutritious source of food and a reliable source of income. Since it does not require access to land, mushroom cultivation is a viable and attractive activity for both rural farmers and peri-urban dwellers. Small-scale growing does not include any significant capital investment: mushroom substrate can be prepared from any clean agricultural waste material, and mushrooms can be produced in temporary clean shelters. They can be cultivated on a part-time basis, and require little maintenance. Indirectly, mushroom cultivation also provides opportunities for improving the sustainability of small farming systems through the recycling of organic matter, which can be used as a growing substrate, and then returned to the land as fertilizer.

Through the provision of income and improved nutrition, successful cultivation and trade in mushrooms can strengthen livelihood assets, which can not only reduce vulnerability to shocks, but enhance an individual’s and a community’s capacity to act upon other economic opportunities.

---  FAO



  1. This article is from ECHO Asia Note # 33. บทยอ เหดตางๆ เชนเหดนางรม(Pleurotus ostreatus) มักท าการเพาะในถุงพลาสติกทีบรรจุเตมดวยวัสดุธรรมชาติรวมถึงวัสดุเหลือใช ในฟารม โดยวัสดุเพาะเหดนีต องผานการท าใหปลอดเชือ (ด วยความรอนทีอุณหภูมิสูงกวา 100C) หรือฆาเชือ (ดวยความรอนทีอุณหภูมิ 60C หรือสูงกวา) เพือป...
  2. Abstract, 2017,International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences Mushroom cultivation is a remunerative agribusiness in India and other parts of the world. Being an emerging commercial activity, many startup entrepreneurs are venturing into mushroom cultivation in India. Consumer...
  3. This publication included 8 articles on mushrooms.
  4. 20-01-2009 Mushroom cultivation can help reduce vulnerability to poverty and strengthens livelihoods through the generation of a fast yielding and nutritious source of food and a reliable source of income. Since it does not require access to land, mushroom cultivation is a viable and attractive activity for...
  5. 06-10-2015
  6. This Agrodok contains detailed information on how to grow three kinds of mushrooms: oyster, shiitake and wood ear mushrooms. These mushrooms are rather easy to grow on a small scale. 2 Copies
  7. Uses drawings and detailed descriptions to identify more than a thousand species of mushrooms, and indicates which are edible, and which are poisonous
  8. 01-01-2000 This volume includes 7 papers on mushrooms.
  9. This manual presents a new method for cultivating mushrooms on nitrogen-enriched wood-based substrate despite freely exposing the substrate and cultures to "contamination."
  10. This publication provides information and covers almost all aspects of mushroom cultivation. The discussions can be used as reference materials both for mushroom researchers and mushroom growers. It also descirbes the problems and diseases that will likelybe encountered during extenisive...
  11. Mycelium Runningis a manual for the mycological rescue of the planet. That’s right: growing moremushroomsmay be the best thing we can do to save the environment, and in this groundbreaking text from mushroom expert Paul Stamets, you’ll find out how. The basic science goes like this: Microscopic...
  12. 12-05-2015 How to cultivate mushrooms in the tropics, an introduction and overview.
  13. The book contains reliable, current information that can easily be applied in all mushroom growing regions in the tropics.
  14. In addition to converting organic wastes into edible mushrooms, the spent compost, a byproduct of mushroom cultivation, can be used as organic soil conditionser/fertilizers. The range of possible applications of these technologies in this bulleting entitle "Guide to Mushroom Cultivation in the...
  15. After years of living in awe of the mysterious fungi known as mushrooms-chefs, health enthusiasts, and home cooks alike can't get enough of these rich, delicate morsels. With updated production techniques for home and commercial cultivation, detailed growth parameters for 31 mushroom species, a...
  16. For literally thousands of years, various cultures--principally Chinese cultures--have used mushrooms to treat and prevent a wide range of health disorders. Modern research is backing up the notion that mushrooms possess health benefits, ranging from anitcancer properties to blood pressure...
  17. In this Agrodok information is given on the cultivation of Button Mushroom, which is consumer worldwide, and Rice Straw Mushroom, which is much valued in Asia.
  18. This book is a guide for the home hobbyist interested in mushroom growing. Its focus is on the use of hydrogen peroxide as an improvement to the traditional methods.
  19. As in the first volume, most of the methods in this 2nd volume have been designed primarily for small scale and home cultivation. Two of the methods for preparing bulk substrate are specifically for growers who want to work at commercial scales.
  20. Medicinal Mushrooms is a modern handbook for exploring and understanding the rich traditions of healing fungi in Eastern and Western cultures. Author Christopher Hobbs thoroughly documents and details the nutritional and health benefits of over 100 species of edible fungi. Here is the most...
  21. 18-08-2014 In OrganicMushroom Farming and Mycoremediation,Tradd Cotter offers readers an in-depth exploration of best organic mushroom cultivation practices, for both indoor and outdoor growing of a wide variety of species.
  22. Abstract, Food Science and Food Safety, 2019 Pickling is one of the methods for preserving food. However, this term may refer to both types of products, that is, to those subjected to lactic acid fermentation and to marinated ones (acidified) that are usually produced by the addition of acetic...
  23. Mycosphere is an international peer-reviewed journal with swift publication of high quality papers on fungal biology. Mycospherehas no pageor open access charges and offers a free outlet for the publications of the mycology community.
  24. Abstract, 2008,Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems Mushroom is an important vegetable usually grows in the forest with its nutritive and medicinal value. It can also be cultivated domestically in a small scale by landless people. The climate of Bangladesh is highly favourable for high volume...
  25. Abstract, Wheat straw has generally been used as the main substrate for cultivating oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus ostreatus); however, in South Africa it is becoming expensive for small-scale farmers to utilise. Therefore, the main objective of the study was to investigate the use of alternative,...
  26. Abstract, 2016,Guizhou Academy of Agricultural Sciences An edible mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus (oyster mushroom) has a worldwide cultivation and is popular in Thailand where rubber sawdust is traditionally used in its cultivation. However, rubber sawdust is a relatively expensive substrate that...
  27. Oyster Mushrooms obtain their nutrients by decomposing various agricultural byproducts. In the early 1990's, 'coco lumber' was given great attention as a substitute for hardwood.
  28. 20-01-2015 Mushroom cultivation activities can play an important role in supporting the local economy by contributing to subsistence food security, nutrition, and medicine; generating additional employment and income through local, regional and national trade; and offering opportunities for processing...

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