1. BORDA Las Américas works in four countries: Mexico, Cuba, Nicaragua, Haiti with its regional office located in Mexico City. As in many regions of the world, sanitation services such as wastewater treatment in Latin America and the Caribbean present great deficiencies.This deficit means that only...
  2. Poverty alleviation along with natural resources and climate protection in India, Nepal and Bangladesh: sustainability by improving sanitation and promoting decentralised waste and wastewater treatment. The South Asian countries of operation, mainly India, but also Nepal and Bangladesh, are...
  3. BORDA Africa is specialised in integrated decentralised sanitation solutions in the fields of wastewater, sludge and solid waste management. BORDA (Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association), founded in 1977, is a civil society expert organisation focused on the provision of essential...
  4. Sustainable resource management in Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam and the Philippines Despite the continued economic growth of about 500 million people, Southeast Asia still has 16-33% of the population living in extreme poverty (annual per capita income less than 1,000 Euros)....
  5. Decentralised wastewater treatment systems – DEWATS In contrast to Europe and North America where 95% of urban areas have conventional and centralised wastewater treatment systems, there are many countries where wastewater treatment systems are inadequate or do not even exist. Building a...
  6. Abstract,The Open Environmental Engineering Journal, 2011 Greywater (GW) is household wastewater effluent originating from baths, showers, kitchen and hand wash basins and laundry and constitutes 50-80% of indoor household water use. It represents water that can potentially be intercepted at the...
  7. Abstract, Water SA, 2006 Two of the challenges facing Africa in the 21stcentury are effective use of restricted water resources and ensuring food security. The eThekwini Municipality is not exempt from these challenges and is investigating ways in which they can be addressed in the local context....
  8. Abstract, Water, 2012 Installation of decentralized grey water treatment systems in small rural communities contributes to a more sustainable water supply. In order to gauge community attitudes about collection and use of grey water, a door-to-door survey in the farming community of Deir Alla,...
  9. Abstract, AMBIO, 2014 OCT Support for the use of treated gray water as an alternative water resource in the Middle East and North Africa is high, especially given the lack of religious restrictions against its use, but several obstacles have kept application of treated gray water near 1% in some...
  10. Abstract, Water and Air Pollution, 2008 As global water resources decline, reuse of domestic greywater for the irrigation of home gardens is quickly becoming widespread in many parts of the world. However, the sanitary implications of reusing greywater to water edible crops remain uncertain. This...
  11. 2005-07-20 “Gray water” (also “grey water,” “graywater” or “greywater”) is the term used to describe wastewater from dish washing, laundry, bathing, and rinsing. (Note: the term gray water does not refer to toilet waste, which is often called “black water.”) Although gray water does not need extensive...
  12. Abstract,International Journal of Applied Science and Technology, October 2012 Although, there are various reuses of grey water but this study is limited to one type of reuse- irrigation. The objective of this project is to design and construct a filter for grey water reuse for irrigation of not...
  13. Abstract,International Journal of Waste Resources, 2016 The purpose of this study is to show that, given the global water crisis, it is possible to find alternatives to reuse gray water. A gray water source may be an alternative for use in irrigation in grain crops, among other applications. This...
  14. Abstract, Water, 2016 June Northeastern Mexico is a semiarid region with water scarcity and a strong pressure on water sources caused by the rapid increase of population and industrialization. In this region, rainwater harvesting alone is not enough to meet water supply demands due to the...
  15. Abstract, Water International, 2002 Although Jordan has a human development index higher than most developing countries, about seven percent of its population earns less than the international poverty line of one dollar (US$) a day. Furthermore, because of its scarce water resources and rapidly...
  16. Abstract, Plant roots can grow anywhere-in the soil, on the surface of the soil, in the water, and even in the air. Except for the first formed roots that respond positively to gravity, most roots do not grow toward anything or in any particular direction. Root growth is essentially opportunistic...
  17. Abstract, As the demand for products from timberlands has been increasing, the genera Eucalyptus has highlighted for its yield potential and also due to its great adaptation to Brazilian soils, which are in general moderately acid. Therefore, the aim was to evaluate the growth of the hybrid...
  18. The modern-day sewer system has failed. In the United States, our clean water infrastructure was rated a D from the American Society of Civil Engineers (2013). Sewage overflows cause beach closures, spread illnesses, and contaminate the environment. And this is happening in places that actually...
  19. Abstract, Journal of Food Protection, 2005 Awareness is growing that fresh or minimally processed fruit and vegetables can be sources of disease-causing bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and helminths. Irrigation with poor-quality water is one way that fruit and vegetables can become contaminated with...

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