October 22, 2020 10:00 - November 12, 2020 10:00
Virtual - Zoom, Worldwide
Presented By: FAO and Tufts University
Technical Series on the Conceptual Framework for Addressing Acute Malnutrition in Africa’s Drylands
Childhood wasting is an increasing global public health problem and studies have shown that emergency rates of global acute malnutrition persist in the longer-term in some dryland contexts—even in the absence of an obvious emergency and despite ongoing packages of essential nutrition interventions. A range of experts and practitioners increasingly recognize the problem of persistent global acute malnutrition and the need more effectively prevent malnutrition.
FAO and Tufts Mind the Gap research demonstrated significant relationships between climate, environment, and conflict with persistent global acute malnutrition in three countries: Sudan, South Sudan, and Chad. It revealed two distinct seasonal peaks of acute malnutrition: a larger peak at the start of the rainy season and smaller peak pre-harvest. This new evidence contradicts long held assumptions about the seasonal peak of acute malnutrition coinciding with the late rainy season just before the harvest, a time known as the hunger gap, although there have been some independent references to persistent global acute malnutrition during the late dry season and early rains.
Based on this and previous research, Tufts recently produced a report, Nutrition in Africa’s drylands: a conceptual framework for addressing acute malnutrition, that proposes an adapted framework specific to Africa’s drylands. The adapted framework preserves the immediate and underlying drivers of acute malnutrition and recognizes the synergism between them. It also reconceptualizes the basic, more systemic, drivers of acute malnutrition to include three interlinked areas: environment and seasonality; systems and institutions; and livelihood systems.
Additionally, FAO, UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP, and WHO recently developed the Global Action Plan on Wasting (GAP). This plan calls for a policy shift to increase efforts to prevent all forms of malnutrition and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) targets on wasting and under nutrition.
This technical series is a vital next step in a process of sharing recent research that challenges conventional wisdom and facilitating constructive critiques and informed debate to improve the way we address acute malnutrition in Africa’s drylands. The technical series will:
- Review wasting and acute malnutrtion in drylands and the role of a conceptual framework for the analysis of drivers of acute malnutrition in these contexts.
- Present the Global Action Plan on wasting and discuss the implications for drylands.
- Review the adapted conceptual framework for nutrition in Africa’s drylands, including recent evidence on the basic drivers.
- Propose revisions to the adapted conceptual framework for addressing acute malnutrition in Africa’s drylands.
The technical series will feed into a high-level roundtable meeting in which we will encourage key actors to commit to facilitating the use of the adapted framework to analyze drivers of persistent global acute malnutrition and develop sustainable solutions to address basic causes.
November 19, 2020 08:00 - November 19, 2020 16:00
Online, United States
Presented By: ECHO Inc
For twenty-six years, ECHO has brought together networks of like-minded individuals devoted to eradicating hunger and improving lives through agriculture and community development. In its 27th year, in light of constraints due to novel coronavirus, the ECHO International Agriculture Conference will be completely virtual in its presentation of speakers addressing agricultural challenges, personal experiences, and strategies for improving the lives of millions who daily face food insecurity.