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EAN #7

biogas bag

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In this issue:

Packed Biogas in Bags: a research project

Harold Msanya

Excerpt:

Evelyn Mguo’s family is a consumer of bagged biogas who participated in phase one of the research project –‘Peer to peer’, a business model to test the viability of retailing methane gas in portable bags, from the farm gate of a biogas digester owner for distribution/sale to a  neighbor. Evelyn says, 

Both charcoal and firewood are difficult to access during the rainy season. I rarely use charcoal and firewood to cook local foods such as Makukuru and Ndizi. I grew up in a family that used firewood as the only source of energy and hence I used to believe that certain local foods taste better if they are cooked using firewood. I have now used the bagged biogas for three weeks and in my opinion it is a good option. I have managed to cook all types of foods that I used to cook using LPG. One (1m³) bag lasts 3 to 4 days and if it can be obtained for Tsh 2,000 per bag, it means I will cut down the cost used for LPG and other sources by almost 50%. My only request is for the project team think about how to package it in larger quantities so that it can last longer for at least seven days or more.

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ECHO Development Notes (EDN)

In ECHO Development Notes (EDN) we share the most helpful, practical information that we come across about growing food under difficult circumstances. Within each issue you'll find featured techniques, practices, information, and experience to help guide your work in tropical and subtropical agricultural development.

ECHO Technical Notes (TN)

ECHO Technical Notes (TNs) share in depth information about topics important to those working in the tropics and subtropics. Each document introduces and explains the general concept behind the technological solution, and some include examples or step-by-step instructions.

ECHO Asia Notes (AN)

Asia Notes are regional supplements to ECHO Development Notes (EDN) published quarterly. They contain articles of interest to agriculture and community development workers in Asia. Besides the English version, many articles have been or are currently being translated into Burmese, Bahasa Indonesia, Hindi, Khmer, Mandarin, Thai, and/or Vietnamese

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ECHO Research Notes (RN)

ECHO Research Notes (RNs) share results of first-hand trials and experiments, done by ECHO staff or by network members. Material is authored by ECHO staff (past and present) as well as outside writers, all with experience and knowledge of their subject.

ECHO East Africa Notes (EAN)

ECHO East Africa Notes is a technical e-bulletin containing articles of interest to agriculture and community development workers in East Africa. Besides English, articles may be translated into Swahili. 

ECHO Best Practice Notes (BPN)

ECHO East Africa Notes is a technical e-bulletin containing articles of interest to agriculture and community development workers in East Africa. Besides English, articles may be translated into Swahili. 

ECHO West Africa Notes (EAN)

ECHO West Africa Notes is a technical e-bulletin containing articles of interest to agriculture and community development workers in West Africa. Articles are in French and sometimes translated to English

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ECHO Books

ECHO has two ECHO authored and published books: Amaranth to Zai Holes and Agricultural Options for Small-scale Farmers (also available in epub and separate chapters). ECHO has also published books written by Network members including Roland Bunch's second edition of Restoring the Soil and Dan Foutain's Let's Restore Our Land.

 Community Contributions

ECHO welcomes submissions to our publications. For information about submitting an article please see the Author Instruction page.

Publications by Release Date

EAN Issue #7

EAN Issue #7
Families Benefited with Dairy Goats Project A Research Project: Packed Biogas in Bags Green Manure/ Cover Crops: jack bean

EDN Issue #151

EDN Issue #151
Insect Pest Management: Options for Monitoring Pest Populations From ECHO's Seed Bank: Apios americana Echoes from our Network: Subscribe to ECHO Asia Notes! Books, Websites, and Other Resources: Review of Agroforestry Design ToolTM

TN #97 Small-Scale Nursery Management

TN #97 Small-Scale Nursery Management
Cultivating plants, sharing seeds and cuttings with neighbors, and seeking better crop varieties are as old as agriculture. We use the word “nursery” for places where we care for and nurture things that are precious and vulnerable, like children and plants. Creating habitats to grow healthy seedlings is an integral part of the farming cycle, an important contribution to a thriving community, and both a rewarding and challenging business opportunity. A nursery can be as small as a farmer’s seedbed for the immediate planting of a single crop, or as large as a complex business with hundreds...

AN Issue #45

AN Issue #45
Featured in this AN Stingless Beekeeping (Meliponiculture) on Java [Editor’s Note: For questions, comments, or personal experience on this topic visit the echocommunity ‘conversations’ forum Meliponiculture: Stingless Beekeeping.] Production of Vegetable Fern (Diplazium esculentum Reytz.) Under Varying Levels of Shade ECHOcommunity Mobile App Now Available! Virtual Training Opportunity with ECHO Asia- email us at asiahospitality@echocommunity.org!

EDN Issue #150

EDN Issue #150
Perennial Vegetables and Nutrition From ECHO's Seed Bank: Factors to Consider when Selecting a Pigeon Pea Variety  Echoes from our Network: 2020 ECHO International Agriculture Conference Books, Websites, and Other Resources: ECHOcommunity Mobile App Announcement

BPN #2 - Farmer-Centered Climate Change Mitigation

BPN #2 - Farmer-Centered Climate Change Mitigation
ECHO recognizes climate change as a profound reality faced by small-scale farmers. Many of our publications have focused on helping farmers cope with related challenges such as heat and drought.Increasing farmer resilience and minimizing risk have been key elements of the practices we have written about over the years.  We encourage “no regret” strategies, approaches that steward the land well and improve livelihoods, regardless of whether or not farmers face immediate changes to climate. However, we also view farmers as having an integral role in mitigating some of the driving forces of...

AN Issue #44

AN Issue #44
Featured in this AN The Martinez Airlift Water Pump Do All Parts of the Chaya Plant Contain Cyanide? Cyantesmo Paper for Detecting Cyanide Job Opportunity at ECHO Asia

EDN Issue #149

EDN Issue #149
Farmer-Centered Climate Change Mitigation: Part 2 of 2 From ECHO's Seed Bank: A Seed Trial Report - How Seeds from ECHO Grew in a Dry-Season Garden in Uganda Echoes from our Network: Grafting Tamarillo and Other Solanaceous Crops for Nematode Resistance  Books, Websites, and Other Resources: AT Fair Summary ECHO International Agriculture Conference - ONLINE EVENT

AN Issue #43

AN Issue #43
Featured in this AN Mycorrhizal Fungi - Our Tiny Underground Allies Tomato Grafting in Southeast Asia: A Useful Technique for Rainy Season Production

EDN Issue #148

EDN Issue #148
Farmer-Centered Climate Change Mitigation: Part 1 of 2 Are Crickets a Practical Source of Protein in Tropical Countries? From ECHO's Seed Bank: Cowpea Varieties for Warm Rainy Season ECHOes from our Network: Emergency Gardens in a Quarantine World Books, Websites, and Other Resources: New ECHO Branding, New Technical Note on Earthbag Seed Banks, Restoring the Soil- Second Edition now available through Amazon.com Inc®

TN #96 Earthbag Seed Banks

TN #96 Earthbag Seed Banks
Seed storage in the tropics has been a frequent topic of ECHO publications and trainings due to its importance to the smallholder farmer. Access to quality seeds is imperative for agronomic and horticultural crop production. While on-farm seed saving benefits the smallholder farmer, cooperative seed storage through the creation of seed banks bolsters farmers at the community level. Seed banks provide secure structures for seed storage, while also serving as genetic repositories for important plants in the community. Centralizing the seed saving process also allows for cooperative...

AN Issue #42

AN Issue #42
Featured in this AN Making On-Farm Pig Feed: Farm-Generated Formulas vs. Commercial Feeds Join the ECHOcommunity.org Conversation about this topic- CLICK HERE! ECHOs from the Network: Integrated Pest Management on the Island of Bali Coffee Drying "Bunk Beds for Vegetable Production"

EDN Issue #147

EDN Issue #147
Responding in the Case of an Epidemic or Pandemic A Tip of the Hat to the Tippy Tap Promoting Biodiversity on Maize Smallholdings: Importance of Birds From ECHO's Seed Bank: Fast-Growing Plants for Household Food Supply Echoes from Our Network: 100-Fold Gardens in Honduras Books, Web Sites, and Other Resources: A Post-Program Review of Grain Amaranth in East Africa

AN Issue #41

AN Issue #41
Featured in this AN A Snapshot of the ECHO Asia Small Farm Resource Center & Seed Bank Black Soldier Fly System of the Frangipani Langkawi Organic Farm

EDN Issue #146

EDN Issue #146
Low Oxygen Methods for Insect Control in Seeds ECHO International Agriculture Conference 2019: Topic Summaries Echoes from our Network: Roger Gietzen on the topic of syntropic farming Books, Web Sites and Other Resources: Vetiver Latrine

AN Issue #40

AN Issue #40
Featured in this AN State of Land in the Mekong Region - Brief Highlighted Resources from the Asia Agriculture & Community Development Conference Research Update: Heavy Metal Uptake in Tire Garden Planters

EDN Issue #145

EDN Issue #145
Pest Prevention: The Foundation of Integrated Pest Management Echoes from our Network: Nutrition Education in the Context of Community Agriculture Programs From ECHO's Seed Bank: New Lima Bean Cultivars Available Books, Web Sites, and Other Resources: Syntropic Farming Guidebook by Roger Gietzen

AN Issue #39

AN Issue #39
Featured in this AN Backyard Vermicomposting Systems: Examples from Myanmar New Book Spotlight: Animal Integration and Feeding Strategies for the Tropical Smallholder Farm

EDN Issue #144

EDN Issue #144
Introducing 100-Fold Gardens: Wicking Beds for High-Density Planting of Vegetables Where Water is Scarce Echoes from our Netwok: Literacy and Agriculture and Termite Harvesting in Ghana From ECHO's Seed Bank: Earthbag Houses for Storing Seeds Books, Web Sites, and Other Resources: Restoring the Soil, Second Edition Book Release

ECHO Notes de l'Afrique de l'Ouest Numéro 3

ECHO Notes de l'Afrique de l'Ouest Numéro 3
Le système de riziculture intensive (SRI)  Qu'est-ce que le SRI ? Les étapes de mise en œuvre du SRI L'irrigation des plants Le sarclage et le sarclo-binage, quels sont les avantages ? Le rendement du SRI Etude comparée entre le SRI et la pratique traditionnelle de riziculture  Intérêt du SRI Évènements à Venir

TN #95 100-Fold Vegetable Gardens with Low-Cost Wicking Beds

TN #95 100-Fold Vegetable Gardens with Low-Cost Wicking Beds
I discovered 100-fold gardens while researching ways to irrigate plants directly in the root zone. I wanted to know how to practically and affordably control some of the variables that influence plant growth, such as water availability and soil fertility. I read about “wicking beds,” which are watered from below as water moves up towards plants’ rooting zone from a reservoir lined with plastic. Watering from below prevents water loss while maintaining constant soil moisture and supplying water and nutrients in accordance with plant needs.  Wicking beds are a way of maximizing vegetable...

AN Issue #38

AN Issue #38
Featured in this AN: Refugee Camps as Microcosm: Restoration & Sustainability in an Accidental City Low-Cost Natural Building Options for Storing Seed in Tropical Southeast Asia

EDN Issue #143

EDN Issue #143
Learning about and from local seed systems Germination to Detoxify Jack Bean Techniques to Boost Plants’ Stress Tolerance and Extend Fruit Marketability From ECHO's Seed Bank: Fever Tree Books, Web Sites and Other Resources: Planetary Health Diet Proposal

AN Issue #37

AN Issue #37
Featured in this AN: Gracious Greetings from the New Regional Director of ECHO Asia Preventing Insect Damage of Stored Seed Using Low-Cost Control Options Rice Hull Gold: 10 On-farm Uses of Rice Hulls

TN #94 Parasitic Plants in African Agriculture

TN #94 Parasitic Plants in African Agriculture
This Technical Note provides an overview of parasitic plants of agricultural significance in Africa. Parasitic weeds cause drought stress and stunted crops. Affected plants include cereal grains (e.g., sorghum [Sorghum bicolor] and maize [Zea mays]) and grain legumes (e.g., cowpea [Vigna unguiculata]) that farmers rely on for food. Damage to these and other crops is generally heightened by low soil fertility and drought stress, conditions that are faced by many African smallholders. Parasitic weeds can lead to severe yield losses, making them an important constraint to food security in many...

AN Issue #36

AN Issue #36
Featured in this AN: Soil Amendments for Healthier Soils The Value of a Seed: Growing a Network of Community Level Seed Banks in Asia Is it possible to never (or rarely) need to shop for meat again? Book Review : Secret Livestock of Survival

EDN Issue #142

EDN Issue #142
Understanding Agriculture-Nutrition Linkages EIAC 2018 Topic Summaries Echoes from our Network: Intercropping Native Shrubs From ECHO's Seed Bank: Rollinia Books, Web Sites and Other Resources: Feed the Future Technical Briefs

TN #93 Vacuum-Sealing Options for Storing Seeds

TN #93 Vacuum-Sealing Options for Storing Seeds
Two broad categories of seeds exist, referred to as recalcitrant and orthodox. The former must be kept moist and planted soon after they are collected; large-seeded fruits such as mango and avocado are typical examples. The second type of seeds are discussed in this document. Orthodox seeds are generally smaller than recalcitrant seeds and represent almost any grain, legume, or vegetable crop. Orthodox seeds can be dried and stored for extended periods of time—often for many years, depending on the crop and storage conditions. This document presents ways to remove air from seed...

AN Issue #35

AN Issue #35
Featured in this AN: Livestock Integration on the Tropical Smallholder Farm Putting Biochar to use at the Edge: Quality, Soils, and Measurement

EDN Issue #141

EDN Issue #141
Shea Nut: The Butter Tree For How Long Should Chaya Leaves be Boiled?   Green Leafy Vegetables: Leaf Powder for Improved Nutrition  From ECHO's Seed Bank:  Jewels of Opar, An edible ornamental SPRING Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture Training Resource Package

AN Issue #34 Special Edition

AN Issue #34 Special Edition
Conference Proceedings The 6th Biennial ECHO Asia Agriculture and Community Development Conference   Editors’ Note In an effort to expand the dissemination of technical materials and best practices presented during this year’s ECHO Asia Agriculture & Community Development Conference, the ECHO Asia team has compiled a collection of technical papers contributed by network members and conference participants.  The papers compiled in this Special Issue of ECHO Asia Notes seek to address a variety of topics relevant to the work of ECHO in the region, and summarize past and...

EDN Issue #140

EDN Issue #140
Farmer Field School Trials of 2:4:2 Maize/Legume Intercropping Laurel Wilt Disease: "Save the Guac!" Echoes from our Network: Metal silos for grain storage From ECHO's Seed Bank: Culantro Let’s Restore Our Land and Farming for Change curriculum

TN #92 Bamboo for Construction

TN #92 Bamboo for Construction
Many plants deemed as invaluable for the smallholder farmer offer nutritious food for the family, fodder for animals, or timber for construction. Remarkably, bamboo offers all three of these assets from the same perennial plant! This Technical Note will focus on how to most effectively harvest, preserve and use bamboo as timber for construction purposes. What’s Inside: Introduction Plant Description Harvesting Preservation & Post-Harvest Treatment Construction Conclusion References and Resources Cite this article as: Bielema, C. 2018. Bamboo for...

AN Issue #33

AN Issue #33
Featured in the AN: An Innovative, Inexpensive, Environmentally Friendly Method to Pasteurize Mushroom Media in the Tropics Using a Styrofoam Box Op-Ed: Forage Plants for Improved Human Development

EDN Issue #139

EDN Issue #139
Anthropology as a tool for facilitating agricultural development Invasion of the Fall Armyworm Echoes from our Network: Millepede Damage From ECHO's Seed Bank:  Passionfruit Books, Web Sites and Other Resources: Permaculture for Refugees in Camps

LACN Issue #4

LACN Issue #4
Green Leafy Vegetables and Powders for Improved Nutrition in Honduras Member Highlight: Elioena Arauz, Artists for Soup, Nicaragua Echoes from our Network: Deep Litter System ECHO Resource Highlight: Green Leafy Vegetables Technical Note Spotlight: "Linking Smallholder Farmers to Markets"

AN Issue #32

AN Issue #32
Featured in this AN:  Inexpensive Mass Propagation Techniques for Introducing Improved Potato Varieties in the Tropics Comparing Locally Available Waste By-Products as Feedstocks for Gasifier Cook-Stoves Book Review: Sustainable Agro-Watershed Management

EDN Issue #138

EDN Issue #138
Yellow Shoot, Green Fruit: Citrus Greening Disease EIAC 2017 Topic Summaries Echoes from our Network: edible insect feedback From ECHO's Seed Bank:  Tree Lucerne (Tagasaste), multipurpose forage crop for the highlands eBook Release: Agricultural Options for Small-Scale Farmers