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The Pigeon Pea probably originated in tropical Africa but is now popular in SE Asia, the Caribbean, east and west Africa and the tropics of the U.S. It is a shrubby, drought-tolerant, fast-growing legume with a long tap root and a mass of fibrous roots. It can grow up to 4 m (13 ft) in height but is not tolerant to low temperatures or frost.

Uses

The value of raising Pigeon Peas is that they will produce a vegetable crop of green peas in edible pods as well as a pulse (dry bean) when other garden plants won’t. It also functions as a nitrogen-fixing cover/forage crop, as erosion control, as shade for other vegetables and herbs and the dry stalks can be burned or used as thatch or in weaving baskets.


  1. The Pigeon pea probably originated in tropical Africa but is now popular in SE Asia, the Caribbean, east and west Africa and the tropics of the U.S. It is a shrubby, drought-tolerant, fast-growing legume with a long tap root and a mass of fibrous roots. It can grow up to 4 m. (13’ ) in height but...
  2. Key Resource 01/01/1990 I often tell folks that ECHO specializes in growing food under difficult conditions. The pigeon pea, Cajanus cajan, is a prime example of a tough but nutritious plant for just such cases. This article is directed toward two audiences. For some of you, pigeon pea is already an important crop. You...
  3. 19/07/1992 We all know that legumes such as these two plants add nitrogen to the soil. Now scientists at ICRISAT in India have shown that they make available more phosphates. They do not add phosphate to the soil, but rather break up phosphate compounds in such a manner that phosphate that was already...
  4. 07/02/2017 Pigeon pea is an important green manure/cover crop with multiple agronomic and market impacts for small farmers, and fits ideally in a conservation agriculture system. Presenter : Said Silim has recently retired from a distinguished career in international development from ICRISAT, and helped to...
  5. 07/02/2017 Pigeon pea is an important green manure/cover crop with multiple agronomic and market impacts for small farmers, and fits ideally in a conservation agriculture system. Kilimo Markets integrates value chains through enhancing production, inputs supply chains especially seed for which it is...
  6. 19/01/1996
  7. 20/01/2012
  8. AccessAgriculture Training Video Les légumineuses comme le pois cajan, captent l’azote de l’air et le déposent dans le sol. Lorsque le pois cajan est intercalé avec une autre culture, les nodules de ses racines libèrent de l’azote précieux pour cette autre culture. Toutes les racines, feuilles ou...
  9. 20/01/2012
  10. Abstract, 2012, International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry The economics of production and profitability of intercropped pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp] genotypes with maize [Zea mays L.] and sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] were studied in two separate field experiments in 2007...
  11. 10/03/2017 Pigeon pea is an important green manure-cover crop with multiple agronomic and market impacts for small farmers, and fits ideally in a conservation agriculture system. Presenter : Said Silim has recently retired from a distinguished career in international development from ICRISAT, and helped to...
  12. Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) is a tropical legume native to South Asia. Its high protein content and adaptability to arid environments have made it an important food crop across sub-Saharan Africa. Pigeon pea is a genetically diverse crop with several varieties that differ in time to maturity and...
  13. Abstract, Food Science & Nutrition, 2018 March Ogi is consumed by adults and children as breakfast meals, and it also serves as a weaning diet (Ashaye, Fasoyiro, & Kehinde,2000; Amusa etal.,2005). After 5–6months, breast‐feeding is no longer sufficient to satisfy the nutritional...
  14. Abstract,Journal of Functional and Environmental Botany, 2011 Pigeonpea is a tropical grain legume grown mainly in India. Though largely considered an orphan crop, it has a huge untapped potential for improvement both in quantity and quality of production in India. More than any other legume...
  15. Abstract,International Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, 2017 The study examined the effects of varying planting distances on seed yield and proximate composition (crude protein (CP), crude fibre (CF), ether extractives (EE), ash and nitrogen free extractives (NFE) of seeds of...
  16. Pigeonpea,Cajanus cajan, is a perennial shrub in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible pods and seeds. Pigeonpea is a highly branched shrub with a woody base, slender stems and trifoliate leaves. The plant leaflets are oblong or elliptical in shape and the leaves are alternate and arranged...