Community Seed Banks : Operation and Scientific Management - India
The National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR), is a nodal organization under the aegis of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) for the management of plant genetic resources in India. Global Environment Facility (GEF) funded sub-project “Harmonizing biodiversity conservation and agricultural intensification through integration of plant, animal and fish genetic resources for livelihood security in fragile ecosystems” Under Component 3 (SRLS), operational at NBPGR as lead centre, is aimed at identifying indigenous landraces and farmers varieties of crops and their intensification and conservation at farmer’s field in three tribal districts namely Udaipur, Adilabad and Chamba. It has been envisaged to enhance the income of farmers by adding value to these local landraces through increasing production by better farming practices, value addition to the produce and by developing market value chain to provide better returns and enchanced livelihood to farmers. Strengthening of informal seed distribution system through the concept of Community Seed Banks has been, therefore, taken up under this project to facilitate farmers with quality seed of local landraces at almost no cost and also serving the purpose of “on farm” dynamic conservation and sustainable utilization of these indigenous landraces with farmer participation.