(Vigna unguiculata subsp. unguiculata)
Vigna unquiculata is a grain legume that originates in Africa. Attributes such as vine shape (climbing, prostrate, or semi-erect), seed color (shades of white, pink, brown, and black) and seed maturation time (60 to 240 days) vary with variety. Pods appear in V-shaped pairs.
‘Baby Cream’ is a variety released from the USDA vegetable laboratory in Charleston, South Carolina. It forms compact, erect plants, with small, delicate, cream-type peas. This variety is resistant to lodging and root-knot nematodes, and performs well under hot and humid conditions.
‘Bettergro Blackeye’ is resistant to cowpea curculio and root knot nematodes, but is susceptible to cowpea mosaic virus.
‘Charleston Blackeye’ is a root-knot nematode resistant variety released from the USDA vegetable laboratory in Charleston, South Carolina. It has upright growth, and cream colored black eyed peas.
‘ILCA’ is a forage variety originally from Mali, and selected by the International Livestock Center for Africa. It is a bushy plant with compact pods, can be used as a green manure and cover crop, and is a drought-tolerant forage or edible pulse.
'Mavuno' is the best local variety from Magu, Tanzania. The plants grow as creeping vines with large leaves and large, long pods that contain cream colored seeds.
'Reddish Brown' is the variety that performs the best at ECHO in Florida's humid climate. This variety matures in about 70 days.
'Samoeng' is a short, creeping cowpea vine that produces plump pods with black seeds, and is often intercropped with upland rice. It is a good variety as an understory for other crops as it fixes nitrogen and shades out weeds.
'Thailand Long' was obtained from a missionary in Thailand in the late 1980's. This variety was selected for longer pods, and has a bush-like habit, growing close to the ground. This cowpea works well as a cover crop.
‘83060’ is a variety from Nigeria that shows resistance to insects and disease.
‘Mix’ is a selection of 5 different quick producing cowpea varieties.