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Vigna unquiculata is a grain legume that originates in Africa. Attributes such as vine shape (climbing, prostrate, or semi-erect), seed color (shades of white, pink, brown, and black) and seed maturation time (60 to 240 days) vary with variety. Pods appear in V-shaped pairs.

'Thailand Long' was obtained from a missionary in Thailand in the late 1980's. This variety was selected for longer pods, and has a bush-like habit, growing close to the ground. This cowpea works well as a cover crop.