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Plant Fact Sheets about Vegetables from Food Plants International.



  1. Some 3 billion people in the world live outside the cash economy in the world’s poorest nations. Food security and regular supply are their daily concerns. Chronic malnutrition is a leading cause of death and disease for them. Young children are amongst the most affected. One child every 5-10...
  2. Edible Portion: Leaves, Flower buds, Vegetable, Root, Fruit, Pods A branched shrub up to 2 m or more high. It has rounded twigs which are green and smooth. The leaves are simple, smoothand with 3 to 5 lobes. The leaves are large and can vary in shape. Normally the leaves are very dark green, but...
  3. Edible Portion: Kernel, Seeds, Nuts, Vegetable A large tree up to 40 m tall and 1 m through at the base. The bark is rough. The leaves are large and can be round, triangular orhave several lobes. The leaves have a pale colour. The leaves are alternate, silvery green and crowded near the tips....
  4. Edible Portion: Flowers, Leaves, Root, Herb, Vegetable, Bulb, Sprouts An onion like plant without a bulb and with flat leaves. It grows one year, then flowers the next. There is one bulb. There can bebulblets. The covering is white. The leaves are flattened and vary from 40-100 cm long by 1.2-2.5...
  5. Edible Portion: Leaves, Bulbs, Flowers, Vegetable An onion family plant. It is a bulb plant. It grows to about 30 cm high. The bulb can be 6 cm across. The protective coat overthe bulbs is purplish, brown or white. The leaves are 10-35 cm long by 3-10 mm wide. It often produces new shoots from...
  6. Edible Portion: Flowers, Leaves, Root, Bulb, Herb, Spice, Vegetable An onion family plant. It is a herb which grows one year, then flowers the next. It is up to 30 cm tall. A narrow leafed onionwhich forms dense clumps. The leaves are hollow and narrow. They are 10-25 cm long by 0.1 cm in cross...
  7. Edible Portion: Flowers, Leaves, Root, Bulb An onion family plant. It is a herb. It grows 20-50 cm high. The leaves sheath the base. The bulb is oblong. The leaves arenearly round and hollow. The flowers are purple or pink and small. They are lily shaped and occur as several together is a tight...
  8. Edible Portion: Leaf Bud, Seeds, Gel, Flowers A perennial succulent plant 80 cm high. It spreads to 1 m wide. It develops suckers. The leaves form a rosette or ring justabove the ground. They are fleshy and long. They are curved outwards or rounded underneath. They taper to a blunt point.They are...
  9. Edible Portion: Leaves, Herb, Flowers A shrub to 1.5-3 m high. It spreads to 3 m across. It keeps growing from year to year. It loses its leaves during the year. Theleaves are slender and green. They are 10 cm long. They smell strongly of lemon. Under the leaves there are oil glands whichgive a...
  10. Edible Portion: Fruit, Seeds, Leaves, Flowers, Vegetable A large tree up to 20-26 m in height. The trunk can be 6 m tall before branching. The trunk can be up to 1 m across. It is an evergreen tree but can lose its leaves in dry weather. The leaves are large and vary in the amount the leaves are...
  11. Edible Portion:Fruit, Seeds, Leaves, Flowers, Vegetable An evergreen tree up to 20 m tall and in the breadfruit family. Trees form many branches but have one or two main trunks. The bark is smooth and dark green. Leaves of young trees have 1 or 2 lobes but mature leaves are long (15 cm) and...
  12. Edible Portion: Fruit, Seeds, Leaves, Flowers, Vegetable A climbing, pumpkin family plant. The vine can be 3 m long. The plant re-grows from seed each year. The vines are thick,furrowed and hairy. The leaves are heart shaped with 5 to 7 lobes. They are rough to touch. Flowers are yellow. The...
  13. Edible Portion: Flowers, Leaves, Stems, Vegetable A cabbage plant with a single fleshy stem. Although it keeps growing from year to year it is normally grown as an annual. Itgrows 45 cm high and spreads 40 cm across. The leaves are dark green and rounded on long stems. Plants start to flowerwhen...
  14. Edible Portion: Leaves, Fruit, Spice, Vegetable A spreading shrubby plant. It grows 3 m high and spreads 1.5-2 m wide. The leaves are sword shaped and 1.5-3 cm long by 2-2.5 cm wide. The flowers are white or yellow and 1 cm across and in the axils of leaves. The fruit are small. The fruit is 8-10...
  15. Edible Portion:Fruit, Flowers, Leaves, Vegetable, Seeds - spice Pawpaw is one of the very well known fruits of the tropics. The straight soft stemmed plant grows up to 3-5 metres tall and only occasionally has branches. The stem is softly woody and has scars from fallen leaves along it. At the...
  16. Edible Portion: Leaves, Fruit, Tubers, Root, Vegetable, Seeds A pumpkin family plant. It is a climbing or trailing herb. It can climb 20 m high. It has single tendrils. It has long tuberous roots.The leaves are heart shaped, with the lobes towards the base in an angular shape. The leaves are 5-10...
  17. Edible Portion: Leaves, Cabbage, Palm heart A fan palm. The trunk is slender. It is 7 m high and 12 cm across. The upper part of the trunk is covered with woven fibres. Thecrown is sparse. It is 2 m wide and 2.6 m high. The leaf stalks are 60 cm long. The leaves are 1 m wide. The leaves are...
  18. Edible Portion: Leaves, Vegetable A shrub or small tree. It grows 3-8 m high. The leaves vary in shape. They are oval and taper to the base. They are thick andleathery. Leaves can have a range of colours. They are 10-20 cm long by 4-8 cm wide. Flowers are separately male andfemale. The male...
  19. Edible Portion:Fruit, Leaves, Seeds, Vegetable, Seeds - Oil A pumpkin family plant. It is a hairy annual climber with tendrils and yellow flowers. It grows to 0.5 m high and spreads to 2 mwide. The stem is trailing and has bristles. The leaves are heart shaped and the lobes taper. Leaf shape...
  20. Edible Portion: Fruit, Leaves, Seeds, Vegetable, Flowers A pumpkin family plant. It is a creeping plant with long creeping stems and softly hairy but without prickly hairs. The stem arerounded or 5 angled and moderately hard. They can grow 15-20 m long. The leaves are large and shallowly lobed...
  21. Edible Portion: Leaves, Flowers, Vegetable, Stems A thistle like perennial plant. It grows 1-2 m high and spreads to 1 m across. It forms a clump. It has deeply lobed leaves. Theleaves are 80 cm long. They are greyish green above. They have a woolly, white surface underneath. They do not have...
  22. Edible Portion: Fruit, Seeds, Vegetable This is a small fruit tree or shrub in the tomato and tobacco family. It grows as a shrub with soft wood and it grows up to 4 m high. The stem is 5-10 cm across. It is brittle and shallow rooted. The leaves are large (25 cm x 12 cm) and soft. They are heart...
  23. Edible Portion: Root, Leaves, Seeds - Flavouring, Vegetable A root crop grown from seed. It normally grows a fattened root one year then forms a flower the next year. It can be 60 cm highand spread to 50 cm wide. The root is long in shape and orange in colour. The stem is erect, tough and...
  24. Edible Portion: Leaves, Leaves - Tea A prostrate herb which forms mats. It can re-grow each year or continue growing from year to year. The plant can be 10-20 cmtall. The stems are 8-20 cm long. The stems are much branched and covered with yellow-brown hairs. The plant can form rootsat the nodes...
  25. Edible Portion:Tubers, Root, Vegetable, Bulbils A yam with a long angular vine. It can climb 15 m high. The stems are square and twine to the right around support sticks. Thestem does not have spines. It is often coloured green or purple. The leaves are heart shaped and borne in pairs along the...
  26. Edible Portion: Tuber, Root, Bulbils, Vegetable A yam with a long smooth stemmed vine, round in cross section. It winds to the left. It does not have spines. The vine can climbup into trees and grow to long lengths. The leaves are large and round. They are pointed at the tip and round at the...
  27. Edible Portion: Tubers, Vegetable, Root A yam vine. The stem is square in cross section and does not have spines. The leaves are 25 cm long. They are opposite. Theleaf is divided like fingers on a hand into 3 or more segments. The male flower is on a long stalk and the female flower stalk is...
  28. Edible Portion: Fronds, Leaves, Vegetable A large fern with an upright stem. It forms tufts. It is only woody near the base. It can be 1 m high and 1 m wide. It usuallygrows as a large clump. It spreads by underground runners. They have feather like fronds which are 50 to 80 cm long anddivided 2...
  29. Edible Portion: Leaves, Vegetable, Root An annual herb. It climbs or creeps along the ground. It has branches that divide in two. It often forms a dense ground cover.The stems form roots at the nodes. The leaves are small, opposite and heart shaped. The leaves are 0.8-2 cm long by 0.5-2 cmwide....
  30. Edible Portion: Shoots, Seeds, Cereal, Vegetable A millet grass. It is an annual grass. It is robust and forms many tillers or young shoots from the base. It grows 40-120 cm tall.The stems are somewhat flattened. The leaves are narrow. The flower heads are made up of 2-7 finger like spikes. These...
  31. Edible Portion: Seeds, Pods, Fruit, Vegetable A deciduous tree. It grows up to 30 m high. It has a large stocky trunk. It has small buttresses. The branches are heavy. Theleaves are twice divided and feather like. They are deep green and there are 24 pairs of small leaflets and 50 larger...
  32. Edible Portion: Root, Tuber, Stem, Flower Bud, Vegetable A rush like plant. It keeps growing from year to year. It grows 40-60 cm high and spreads 30-45 cm wide. The stems are inrings which are tightly packed. They are 60 cm tall. They are slightly rough and have furrows along them. There are...
  33. Edible Portion: Leaves, Spice, Fruit A herb. It grows 15-50 cm high. It has one stem. The leaves are all near the base of the plant. The leaves are 7-15 cm long by1-2 cm wide. The leaves have teeth along the edge. The flower head is oval. It is 5-8 mm long by 3-4 mm wide. The flowersare...
  34. Edible Portion: Young Flowers, Palm Hearts, Cabbage, Seed palm. It can have a single stem or up to 10 stems. They can be 0.1-7 m tall and 2-12 cm wide. They are light brown. Thereare 6-23 leaves and the blades are 2 m long. The leaflets may be regular or irregular. There are 3-41 curved leaflets...
  35. Edible Portion: Rhizome, Tubers, Root, Vegetable, Flowers An upright perennial plant up to 1-2 m high and a spread of 1 m. The stem is erect and unbranched. The leaves are dull greenand sword shaped. The flowers are yellow and daisy like. It produces fleshy underground stem tubers of irregular...
  36. Edible Poriton: Fruit, Seeds, Flowers, Vegetable, Stems A cactus which climbs. It has triangular stalks. Stalks can be 7 m long. It grows in soil and on rotting plant material. It has aerialroots enabling it to climb. The stems have joints and branched. The spine spots are spaced along the edge...
  37. Edible Portion: Tuber, Root, Leaves, Vegetable This is a root crop which produces long creeping vines. The leaves are carried singly along the vine. Leaves can vary considerably from divided like fingers on a hand to being entire and rounded or heart shaped. At the end of the vine, trumpet shaped...
  38. Edible Portion:Leaves, Caution, Honey, Seeds A high shrub or small tree. It is deciduous and has a thin crown. It is up to 5-8 m high. It has milky sap. The leaves have 3-5lobes. They are 6 cm long by 15 cm wide. Flowers are separately male and female on the same plant. They are small and...
  39. Edible Portion: Seeds, Fruit, Bark, Flowers It is a tree which loses many leaves during the year. It grows 9-18 m high. The crown is rounded. The trunk is short and straightand about 80 cm across. It often branches from the base. The branches spread out and the secondary branches hang down.The...
  40. Edible Portion: Seeds, Leaves, Fruit, Vegetable, Flowers A pumpkin family plant. It is an annual vine with large leaves. It can grow 3-9 m long and spread 3-6 m wide. The thick stemshave furrows along them. It can climb over logs by attaching the tendrils which grow out of the stem near the leaf....
  41. Edible Portion:Leaves, Flowers, Leaf stalks, Vegetable A herb which grows in water. The leaves form tufts. They are oval and 15-18 cm long by 12 cm wide. The leaf stalk is angularand 30 cm long. The flower head in at the end of the shoot and has a long flower stalk. There is a sheath like a...
  42. Vegetables Edible parts -Fruit, Flowers, Shoots A deciduous climber. It grows 4.5-6 m long. It can be grown as a ground cover. The leaves are in fused pairs 5-10 cm long.The flowers are creamy-white to yellow. They can have pink tints. The flowers are 5 cm long. They are cupped by the bluegreen...
  43. Edible Portion:Leaves, Vegetable, Seeds, Fruit, Nectar, Flowers An annual herb about 0.5 m high. It is mostly low lying. The leaves are round or kidney shaped and 2-5 cm across. They haveshallow lobes and a wavy edge. There are fine teeth around the edge. The flowers are pale lilac with darker...
  44. Edible Portion: Seeds, Sprouts, Leaves, Vegetable A herb. It is an erect or spreading legume. It grows to 80 cm high and spreads to 30-80 cm wide. It forms deep roots. It keepsgrowing from year to year. The stems are slender and hairy. The leaves are bluish green. The leaves have 3 leaflets like...
  45. Edible Portion: Leaves, Seeds - Spice, Flowers - Colouring, Vegetable, Root - Tea A bushy herb. It can grow as an annual plant but it can keep growing from year to year from the thick tuberous root. It grows to60-200 cm high and spreads to 60 cm wide. The stem is short, thick and branching. The...
  46. Edible Portion: Flowers, Shoots, Vegetable A grass which keeps growing from year to year. It forms large clumps. It can grow 2-4 m tall. The leaf blades are 4 cm wide.The edges become very sharp. The flowers are dense and spike like. They are yellow, brown and purple.
  47. Edible Portion: Fruit, Vegetable A small to medium sized tree. It grows 8-10 m high. Trees can grow to 25 m high. The leaf stalk is 1.5-5 cm long. Leaves areentire, oval and 5-40 cm long. Flowers are greenish, small and on the ends of branches. Clusters of flowers may contain 200-300 flowers....
  48. Edible Portion: Cabbage, Fruit, Sap, Seeds - Coffee, Palm Heart, Vegetable, Bud A palm. It can be a stemless suckering bush or have a ring of suckers around the base. It often grows 3-6 m high but can be 10-25 m high. It can also be a many stemmed clump. The old stems hang over then curve upwards...
  49. Edible Portion: Seeds, Pods, Leaves, Vegetable A short lived herb plant. A creeping plant with white or pink flowers. Plants can be 30 cm to 150 cm tall. It has a well developedtap root and many slender side roots. The stem is weak and round. Leaves are made up of 1-3 pairs of leaflets and a...
  50. Edible Portion:Seeds, Pods, Leaves, Flowers, Roots, Vegetable A climbing perennial bean up to 3 or 4 m tall. It can re-grow each year from the fattened roots. The stems twine around supportsor trail over the ground. The leaves have 3 leaflets. The leaf stalks are long. The leaflets are 8-15 cm...
  51. Edible Portion:Leaves, Flowers, Vegetable A medium sized evergreen tree. It grows to 27-30 m high and spreads to 4 m across. The stem is erect and stout. It branches.The trunk is 60-80 cm across. The leaves are compound with an odd number of leaflets. These are oval. The leaves are 20-45cm long....
  52. Edible Portion: Fruit, Leaves, Vegetable A medium sized tree. It grows up to 2-10 m tall. It loses its leaves during the year. The leaves are smooth and 20-40 cm longand divided. The leaflets are light green and rounded at the base and pointed at the tip. The leaflets are alternate and pointed at...
  53. Edible Portion: Seeds, Stem, Cereal, Shoots, Vegetable A bamboo. It forms clumps. It has strong underground stems. It grows 3-10 m tall. The lower internodes are very short. Thestems are tough and erect. They are smooth and olive-green. They are more yellow in the sun. They are 25-40 mm wide. The...
  54. Edible Portion: Flowers A woody vine. It is fast growing and keeps its leaves throughout the year. The leaves are compound with 2 or 3 oval leaflets.The leaves are in opposite pairs along the stem. The central leaflet can be a coiled tendril. The flowers are reddish-orange.They are tube shaped...
  55. Edible Portion: Kernels, Fruit, Nuts, Vegetable, Leaves, Seed, Seeds - oil A shrub or tree. It grows 9 m high and spreads 6 m wide. It can be 15 m tall. It loses its leaves during the year. The crown isdense and rounded. The bark is grey and finely cracked. The leaves have leaflets along the...
  56. Edible Portion:Flowers, Leaves, Young pods, Bark, Vegetable A shrub or small tree up to 5-10 m tall. The trunk has rough bark and the branches often droop. The trunk is thick. The branchesare hairy when young. The leaves are made up of 41 to 61 leaflets. These are narrow and oblong. They are...
  57. Edible Portion: Leaves, Fruit, Flowers, Vegetable An annual plant. It can keep groing for some years. The leaves are dark green and glossy. The leaf stalk is not well defined as the leaf blade runs down into the stalk. Leaves are generally not very hairy. The flowers are purple or sometimes...
  58. Edible portion:Fruit, Leaves, Vegetable A perennial shrubby herb up to 1 m tall. It is often grown as an annual. It has a deep taproot and branched side roots. The stem is thick and covered with many woolly hairs. The plant has many branches. Often the plant is spiny. The leaves are large,...
  59. Edible Portion: Seeds, Leaves, Tubers, Root, Pods, Vegetable A vigorous climbing vine. It is a herb that grows 1.5-2 m high. The leaves have 3 leaflets. They are 14 cm long and 5 cm wide. The flowers are pink, purple or greenish-white. They are 2.5 cm long. They are on stout stalks in the axils...
  60. Edible Poriton:Fruit, Leaves, Vegetable Often a Golden apple tree grows to a large tree which can be up to 30 m high but is more often 15 m high in cultivation. It has atrunk 60 cm across which can have buttresses. The bark on the trunk of the tree is fairly smooth. The twigs break off easily.The...
  61. EdiblePortion: Pods, Fruit, Seeds, Tubers, Root, Stems - Gum, Vegetable A trailing or climbing plant. It is evergreen and shrubby. It can be 6 m long. It has a large tuberous root. This can be to a depthof 2.5 m. Young plant parts have rusty coloured hairs. The leaves are simple and almost round...
  62. Edible Portion: Seeds, Leaves, Pods, Vegetable A climbing bean with long pods. The vines can be 3 m long. They normally twine around sticks. Dwarf kinds also occur.Leaves have 3 leaflets. The leaflets are oval and side leaflets are at an angle. Leaflets can be 2-16 cm long by 1-12 cm wide.The...
  63. Edible portions : Tubers, Root, Flowers, Leaves - flavour, Vegetable POW update to Goeppertia from Calathea A herb. It keeps growing from year to year. It grows 1.5 m high. It has an underground rhizome or stem. There are several large leaves. The leaf is oblong and 20-60 cm long by 5-20 cm wide....
  64. Edible Portion: Fruit, Root, Rhizome, Tubers, Vegetable, Flowers A broad leafed plant with purple leaf sheaths. It is about 1.5 to 2.5 m high. It grows as a perennial. The stems are in clusters.The leaves are large and smooth. They are dark green but can be reddish in some varieties. The leaf...
  65. Edible Portion: Tuber, Roots, Corm, Leaves, Leaf Stalks, Vegetable A taro family plant but with a very divided leaf. It grows to 0.75-1 m high. It is a herbaceous plant with rough and mottled leafstalks. It has a straight stem and the leaf is divided into leaflets. The leaves can be 1 m in width....
  66. Edible Portion:Seeds, Leaves, Pods, Sprouts, Vegetable An upright perennial shrubby legume. It lives for 3-4 years. They can be up to about 4 m tall and spreads to 1.5 m wide. Thestem is erect and branching. It has a bushy appearance. It has a strong deep taproot. The root nodules are round and...
  67. Edible Portion:Seeds, Leaves, Seeds - Oil, Flowers, Spice, Vegetable An erect annual herb. It grows to 60-150 cm high. It has any branches. It has spines but the number vary. The stems are whiteand stiff and round with fine grooves along their length. The kinds with more spiny leaves are better...
  68. Edible Portion:Seeds, Vegetable An erect annual herb. It grows to 1.5 m tall. It has a thick taproot. It can keep growing from year to year. The stems arebranched, woody and mostly without hairs. The leaves have leaflets arranged like fingers on a hand. There are 7-9 leaflets.These are oblong and...
  69. Edible Portion: Root, Seeds, Pods, Leaves, Vegetable A herb. It is an upright hairy bean plant which can be 1 m tall. It has many branches. The leaves have 3 leaflets and are darkgreen. The leaves are on long leaf stalks. There are oval stipules at the base of the leaf. Flowers are pale yellow...
  70. Edible Portion: Seeds, Leaves, Spice, Seeds - Oil, Vegetable A small upright plant. It is an annual plant. It is erect and much branched. It grows 1-2 m tall. The stem is stout and 4 sided. Itis furrowed along its length. It is densely covered with glandular hairs. The leaves are fine and downy....
  71. Edible Portion:Root, Tubers, Shoots, Fruit, Leaves, Vegetable, Leaves - Tea, Flower A creeping or climbing herb or shrub. It has woody stems. It grows 2 m high. It spreads 2 m wide. The stems are slender andtrailing. The leaves are light green and narrow. They are 5 cm long. The flowers are very...
  72. EdiblePortion: Seeds, Young pods, Leaves, Vegetable An evergreen herb of shrub. It is a climbing vine. It climbs to 6 m high. It can re-grow each year or live for a few years. Thestems are slender with long, slender branches. They are very hairy when young. The leaves are alternate with sword...
  73. Edible Portion: Leaves, Flowers, Fruit, Seeds, Roots, Bark, Pods, Spice, Vegetable A small tree up to 9-12 m high. The trunk is 60 cm across. The wood is soft. It has feather-like divided leaves. The tree losesits leaves during the year. The bark is grey and thick. It is corky and peels off in...
  74. Edible Portion: Fruit, Leaves, Shoots, Pods, Seeds, Gum, Vegetable A herb. It is an upright bushy plant often only 1 m high. Some kinds grow 3 m high. The branches are stiff and usually withwhite hairs. The branches stick upwards and are angled and with grooves. The leaves are produced...
  75. Edible Portion: Leaves, Vegetable, Flowers A cabbage plant. The leaves are ruffled or crinkled but some are more smooth than normal kales. The leaf shape and colourvaries considerably. The flowers are yellow or white.
  76. Leafy Greens Edible parts -Leaves, Seeds, Vegetable An annual herb. It is an upright plant. It grows 80 cm to 2 m tall. It is often green but can be dark red. The leaves are simpleand alternate. The leaves are oval shaped and can be 15 cm long. The flowers can be red, yellow or white. They are in...
  77. Edible portion:Leaves, Flowers, Vegetable, Caution An evergreen shrub or tree. It grows to 10 m high and spreads to 3 m across. The crown is irregular. The bark is grey. The stem is erect and branching. The young branches are hairy. The leaves are compound with 8 to 14 leaflets. These are 7 cm...
  78. Edible Portion: Seeds, Gum, Leaves as Condiment, Spice, Vegetable, Pods An evergreen shrub. It grows to 5-7 m tall and 3 m across. The stem is slender and erect. The crown is open. It is a spreading,densely branched shrub. The bark is smooth and brown. The leaves are branched and green. There are...
  79. Edible Portion: Pods, Flowers, Seeds, Leaves, Vegetable A tropical annual herb. It grows erect, often with hairy stems. It mostly grows about 1 m tall but can be 3.5 m tall. It becomeswoody at the base. The leaves have long stalks up to 30 cm long. Leaves vary in shape but are roughly heart...
  80. Edible Portion: Leaves, Tender Stems, Vegetable An annual or perennial climbing herb with thick fleshy leaves. The vine is smooth and juicy and can be 10 m long. It branches freely. The vine and leaves can be red or green. The leaves are fleshy and pointed at the tip. They can be 8-18 cm long and...
  81. Edible parts -Leaves, Seeds, Vegetable An annual plant which can be 2 m high and 45 cm across. The stems are angular and it can have a single stem or be branched. It is often limp in the upper parts. Plants are hairy at first but become smooth. Often they are tinged purple. Leaves are 2-4 cm long...
  82. Edible Portion: Leaves, Vegetable, Fruit, Roots Kangkong is a creeping sweet potato like plant. It has hollow stems and can float on water. The leaves are green and arenormally not divided like some sweet potato leaves, but the shape and size varies a little between different kinds. The trumpet...
  83. Edible portions:Leaves, Seeds, Vegetable, Fruit An annual herb. It is upright, branching, and slightly woody. Plants vary in height, shape, leafiness and hairiness. Plants grownfor leaves are usually only 30 cm tall. They also have many branches. Leaves are shiny and have leaf stalks. The leaves...
  84. Edible portions:Fruit, Seeds, Vegetable, Leaves A pumpkin family plant. It is an annual plant. It grows to 0.5 m tall and spreads to 1.5 m wide. The stems are trailing and hairy.The tendrils are curled and do not branch. The leaves have 3 lobes and are heart shaped. The edges of the leaves have...
  85. Edible portion:Leaves, Pods, Vegetable, Seeds - flavouring A small shrub or climber. It grows 1.2-3.5 m high. The stems have ridges and are softly hairy. The leaves have 3 leaflets. These are oval or sword shaped and 3-15 cm long by 1.3-8 cm wide. They taper towards the tip and are rounded at the...
  86. Edible portion: Leaves, Flowers, Leaves - tea, Vegetable A tree which grows up to 12 m tall and spreads to 10 m wide. It loses its leaves during the year. The crown tends to be flat. The bark is dark brown and smooth. The leaves are twice divided. Each primary leaflet has 20-30 pairs of secondary...
  87. Edible portion : Fruit, Vegetable A small shrub up to 2 m high. It is hairy or thorny. The leaves are large (60 cm) and angular and hairy on both surfaces. They have thorns along the veins. Young leaves are purple. The flowers are pale violet and 2-4 cm across. The fruit are produced in clusters...
  88. Edible portions:Fruit, Leaves - tea, Vegetable, Flowers A small tree or shrub. It grows up to 3-8 m tall. It is often a shrub with many stems. The young branches are covered with softhairs. The leaves are oval or sword shaped. They are smooth above and white below. The have fine teeth along the...
  89. Edible portions:Fruit, Seeds, Leaves, Flowers, Spice, Vegetable A large spreading tree up to 24 m tall. It has a broad dense evergreen crown. In dry areas the tree can lose its leaves. Thetrunk can be 1 m across. The bark is rough and grey with a checkered pattern. The leaves are carried one...
  90. Edible Portion:Fruit (Poisonous), Gum, Leaves, Flowers, Vegetable A moderate sized tree. It grows 6-16 m high. It can spread 3-12 m wide. The trunk is round and the branches spread outwidely. The bark is greyish-brown. The bark has long shallow cracks along the length. The leaves are alternate....
  91. Edible portions:Seeds, Leaves, Fruit, Bark, Vegetable An evergreen shrub or small tree. It grows 4-6 metres high. It has many branches forming a rambling habit. The stems are crooked and can grow along the ground. The branches are drooping and twisted. They are slender and greenish white. The...
  92. Edible parts:Leaves, Stem, Seeds, Corm, Flower heads, Rootstock, Rhizome, Vegetable A banana like plant. It grows to 6-12 m high. The lower part of the leafy false stem is swollen. Many different varieties exist.The leaves are bright green with an obvious red midrib. The leaves can be 5 m long...
  93. Edible portion:Roots, Leaves, Fruit, Seeds, Bark, Sprouts, Flowers, Vegetable A large tree. It grows up to 25 m tall. It loses its leaves during the year. The branches are thick, angular and spread out wide. The trunk is short and stout and can be 10-14 m around. Often the trunk has deep grooves...
  94. Edible Portion: Leaves, Caution, Vegetable, Seed, Stem A spreading clump forming annual herb. It grows up to 1 m high and spreads to 30-40 cm across. The leaves do not have leafstalks. The leaves have a green and white pattern. The leaves have deep irregular teeth along the edge. The flower has a...
  95. Edible parts:Fruit, Leaves, Roots, Bark, Vegetable A fig. This tree varies in form. It can be a small tree up to 6 m tall in dry places or a large spreading tree up to 12-24 m tall inforest. It normally loses its leaves for a short period. The bark is smooth and brownish grey. It has a thick...
  96. Edible parts: Leaves, Vegetable A herb. It grows 1.8 , tall. The leaves are roughly hairy. They are usually deeply divided into 3. The edges of the leaves aremarked by a line of black dots. The flowers are yellow and larger than Bidens pilosa. The fruit have 2 hooked bristles. A tropical plant....
  97. Edible parts:Tubers, Roots, Vegetable A herb or small shrub. It keeps growing from year to year. It grows 60 cm high. It can lie along the ground. It loses it leavesduring the year. The leaves are fleshy and opposite. They are 5-8 cm long by 1-3 cm wide. They are narrowly oval. There arerounded...
  98. Edible parts:Fruit, Leaves, Seeds, Roots, Vegetable A herb. It is a pumpkin family plant. It is a vigorously growing climber that can last for several years. The vine can be up to 15 mlong. It has strong tendrils which can attach to fences and trees so that the plant can climb well. The choko...
  99. Edible Portion:Fruit, Leaves, Vegetable It is a low bushy tree 8-10 m high. The leaves are long (14 cm) and narrow (4 cm). The leaves are thick and slightly shiny ontop. The flowers are large (2-3 cm), rounded and produced on short stems on the branches. They occur singly, or in groups ofthree....
  100. Edible Portion:Flower Stalk, Seeds, Shoots, Drink, Sap, Pith, Vegetable A perennial plant up to 7.5 m tall and 2.5 m wide. It does not have a trunk and has suckers. The plants have a very sharp and tough spine at the tip of each leaf. The leaves are grey-green and occur in rings at the base....
  101. Edible portion: Flowers, Vegetable A tree. It grows 30-60 m tall. The branches occur high up. The leaves are twice divided. They are bright red when young and hairy underneath. The leaves are 100 cm long. They have 3-5 pairs of pinnae and these have 4-9 pairs of leaflets each. These are 4-14 cm...
  102. Edible Portion:Fruit, Shoots, Vegetable A perennial herb with a rosette of long, thick, spiky leaves up to 1 m high & spreading 1-1.5 m. The leaves are arranged inspirals. Some kinds have thorns along the edges of the leaves. The plant produces suckers both near the base of the stem andalso...
  103. Edible parts - Leaves, Seeds, Vegetable An annual herb plant. It is erect and grows up to 1.2 m tall. The stems are angular and the plant is often branched from the baseupwards. Plants can be green or tinged purple. The leaves are 3-8 cm long by 2-5 cm wide. The leaf stalk is 1-5 cm long.Leaves...
  104. Edible parts -Seeds, Leaves, Vegetable An annual plant growing up to 50 cm high. The plant is sprawling over the ground. It has a taproot. The branches do not havehairs. The flowering shoots are leafy. The flowers are in small clusters. They are greenish. It is a Mediterranean and tropical plant....
  105. Edible parts -Fruit, Cabbage, Sap, Seeds, Palm heart, Vegetable, Young roots, Seedling A solitary fan palm. It grows up to 25 m tall. It has separate male and female trees. The trunk is bottle shaped and smooth.Older trees have a swelling on the trunk above the middle which helps distinguish it...
  106. Edible parts -Leaves, Fruit, Herb, Spice, Vegetable It is a shrubby perennial plant about 1 m tall. The leaves are smaller than round capsicums or bell peppers. Two or more flowersoccur together in the axils of leaves. They have small pointed fruit about 1-2 cm long and they are red when ripe....
  107. Edible parts -Fruit, Seeds, Leaves, Vegetable An evergreen tree. It grows up to 15-20 m tall. It can grow to 45 m tall in forests. It has a dense wide spreading round crown.The trunk sometimes has buttresses. Young branches have soft hairs. The bark is dark grey. The bark is smooth in young trees...
  108. Edible parts -Leaves, Seeds, Pods, Fruit, Flowers, Seeds - oil, Bark, Gum, Vegetable A herb. It can grow from seed each year or keep growing from year to year. It grows up to 3.5 m high. It has a few sharpspines. The leaf stalk is 6-20 cm long. The leaf blade has 2 forms. The leaves lower on the...
  109. Edible parts -Fruit, Leaves, Vegetable A shrub which loses some of its leaves during the year. It can be spiny. It grows 4-5 m tall and can be 9 m tall. It has a largerounded crown. There can be one or several trunks. The branches can be flexible or stiff and smooth or hairy. The brancheshave...
  110. Edible parts -Leaves, Fruit, Vegetable A deciduous tree. It can be 8-14 m tall. It has a heavy rounded crown. The trunk is clear. It can be 1 m across. The bark ispale brown or grey white. It has long cracks along it and the ridges are sticky. The base of old trees has scales. The leavesoccur...
  111. Edible Portion: Leaves, Vegetable, Fruit, Spice A pumpkin family plant. It is a coarse vine up to 15 m long. It keeps growing from year to year. It has tuberous roots. It climbs by means of tendrils. It is slightly hairy. The leaves are 8 to 18 cm long, and 8-20 cm across and deeply 3 lobed and...
  112. Edible parts -Leaves, Bark, Fruit, Vegetable A shrub or small tree. It loses its leaves during the year. It grows 6 m tall. The crown is broad and dense. It has pricklyprocesses on the trunk. The leaves are 6-20 cm long. There are 2-5 leaflets. The leaflet blades are 3-7 cm long by 1-3 cm wide....
  113. Edible parts -Leaves, Fruit, Vegetable A tree. It grows 10-15 m high. The bark is smooth. The branches are soft. The leaves are compound and divided 2-3 times.The flowers have a sweet scent. They are white and occur in loose flower arrangements. The fruit are long pods. The fruit areyellow when...
  114. Edible parts -Fruit, Flowers, Nuts, Seeds, Seeds - oil, Vegetable A deciduous tree. A compact tree which loses its leaves during the year. It grows to 15-25 m tall and has a spreading crown.The trunk is short and stout and can be 2 m across. The bark is corky. The bark is dark with cracks making...
  115. Edible portion: Leaves, Vegetable, Bark - potash A large spreading tree. It is deciduous. It grows 12-15 m high but can reach 35 m high. The bark is greyish-brown and flakes off in round woody scales. This leaves pale patches. The leaves are alternate and compound. There are 4-6 pairs of almost...
  116. Edible portion: Seeds, Nut, Leaves, Vegetable A deciduous tree up to 7-20 m high. It spreads to 4 m across. It loses many of its leaves during the hot dry season of the year. The stem is erect and slender. The bark is smooth and light brown. The leaves are green and divided twice into leaflets....
  117. Edible parts -Fruit, Leaves, Seeds, Flowers, Vegetable A pumpkin family plant. It is a creeping vine with tendrils. It is an annual plant. The stems are soft and round in cross section.The leaves are large and hang loose. They are dark green and kidney shaped. The edges of the leaves are entire....
  118. Edible portion : Rhizome, Roots, Leaves, Seeds, Herb, Spice, Flowers, Vegetable A herb which grows year after year. It grows to 1.6 m high and spreads to 1 m across. The rootstock creeps under the ground. This is round like a cylinder and branches. This thick rhizome can be 10-12 cm long by 3 cm...
  119. Edible parts -Leaves, Flowers, Bark, Fruit, Nectar, Vegetable, Root A shrub or tree. It is straggling in form and almost a climber. It grows up to 7 m tall. The bark is fibrous. The leaves are 8-17 cmlong by 2.5-8.5 cm wide. The leaves are grey green on top. They are lighter underneath, and...
  120. Edible parts -Leaves, Seeds, Seeds - oil, Vegetable A herb. It may or may not be branched. It grows 75-200 cm tall. The leaves are narrow and alternate or opposite. They are 2-12 cm long by 0.1-4 cm wide. The lower leaves can have irregular teeth. The flowers are dull red. They are a slightly...
  121. Edible portion :Leaves, Leaves - flavouring, Seeds - coffee, Seeds, Vegetable An annual or perennial herb. Often it has a bad smell. It can be a shrub 0.6-2.5 m tall. It has slightly hairy stems. The leaf stalk does not have a gland but the axis of the leaf does. The leaf has leaflets in 3 pairs....
  122. Edible portion : Rhizome, Root, Vegetable A perennial plant up to 2 m high with large fleshy underground rhizomes. The stem is erect. There are 4-8 leaves near the base. There are 1-8 leaves on the stem. It has large leaves on long stalks near the base. These stalks can be 3.5-20 cm long. The...
  123. Edible Portion: Leaves, Fruit, Spice A creeper with an erect stem. It is 50 cm high. The creeper or vine can be 10 m long. There are very fine powdery hairs whenyoung. The leaves are finer and more tender than Piper betel. They are brighter green with distinct veins. The leaf stalk is 2-5cm long....
  124. Edible portion : Rhizome, Root, Culms, Stems, Shoots, Vegetable, Spice A sedge. These grow in clumps and have grass like leaves and solid stalks. It is an erect herb which grows in tufts. It keeps growing from year to year. It grows 2.5 m tall. It has a short, thick, woody underground stem or...
  125. Edible Portion: Fruit, Vegetable A large woody vine. It loses its leaves during the year. The leaves are large and heart shaped. They are 20 cm long. Male andfemale flowers occur on separate plants. The flowers are cream and scented. The fruit are brown and fuzzy. They have greenflesh and black...
  126. Edible : Leaves, Flowers, Fruit A shrub 4-8 m tall. It can grow to 13 m tall. The trunk is 25 cm across. The trunk is straight and cylindrical. The leaves are oval. They are 6-12 cm long by 2.5-5 cm wide. The leaf stalk is 1-3 mm long. The flowers can be in groups of singly. They can grow from...
  127. Edible Portion: Stalk, Leaves, Vegetable A lettuce plant with an edible stalk. It is an annual plant. It develops a stem 3-4 cm thick and 30 cm tall. The seed stalk is eatenlike celery or cooked. The leaves are curled. There are several cultivated varieties.
  128. Edible Portion:Fruit, Leaves Condiment, Spice, Vegetable A medium sized tree. It loses its leaves. It grows to 3-6-12 m tall and spreads 2 m across. The stem is erect and thorny. Theleaves are green and with 3 leaflets and generally sword shaped. They are aromatic. The flowers are...
  129. Edible Portion: Fruit, Flowers, Vegetable A small spreading tree. It can grow to 3-5 m tall and spread to 5 m wide. The bark is pale grey. The branches are swollen at thenodes. The stems are thin, flexible and with white felted shoots. The leaves are 5-8 cm long with shiny bluish green on the...