El cultivo del maíz era conocido en partes de México y Centroamérica en tiempos precolombinos. El uso del maíz (corn en inglés) se ha extendido a muchas otras regiones templadas, subtropicales y tropicales del globo en donde es conocido como maíz (maize en inglés). Entre los cereales de grano, la producción de maíz a nivel mundial solamente es superada por el arroz y el trigo.
‘Hawaiian Supersweet #9’ is an open-pollinated, yellow sweet corn developed by the University of Hawaii, specifically for the tropics. This variety matures in 68-75 days.
'Hawaiian Supersweet Silver #9' is an open-pollinated, white sweet corn variety from the University of Hawaii with 75% tropical parentage. This variety is resistant to corn borer and maize mosaic virus.
‘Quality Protein' maize is higher in the amino acid lysine than other maize varieties. This variety must be grown in isolation to maintain the quality protein content.
‘Rio Grande Red’, also known as ‘Bloody Mary’ was developed in New Mexico (USA). This variety dries well and makes a nice flour, and is also used for livestock feed. It grows to less than 2 meters in height producing 1-2 ears with white-spotted red kernels in about 110 days.
‘Cubano Argentino’, one of the parents of Tex Cuban maize, is an open-pollinated, tropical, yellow kernel maize useful for silage and feed. This variety has done well on the ECHO farm in the 2-4-2 maize trials. It is dependable and has shown resistance to lodging even with heavy rain and wind. It performs well in day-neutral zones. If used in more temperate zones the plant will achieve tall green growth but will not tassel until day length shortens to 14 hours.
‘Painted Mountain Corn’ was developed by corn breeder Dave Christensen to grow quite far north in the USA. This variety is very rugged and productive in northern climates tolerating drought and cold. It matures in 70-90 days.
‘Tex-Cuban’ is an open-pollinated maize, developed by the University of Florida, that produces a white flint type kernel. This is a superior silage variety selected for high yield and nutrient content. The robust plant grows to a height of 4 meters, is tolerant of insects and diseases, and is adapted to heat and late season planting.
From Northeast India. Small ears with hard, round, yellow kernels. Can be fed to animals. Hardy crop.
From Northeast India. Mid-sized ears with multi-colored kernels. Grows vigorously under suitable conditions
Ranges from orange, light purple, to white. Heirloom variety from USA.
Grains are a dark purple color.
Similar to Lampang variety. White color.
White-seeded variety with some slightly-purple kernels.
Wine red seeds with 19 cm pods. Grows vigorously.
Multi-colored orange and yellow. Full shape. Used for fodder.
Tall plant with slender, light yellow ears. Used for fodder.
Sticky and sweet kernels. 10-15cm long. Dark purple color.
Similar to Hawaiian Supersweet #9. 111 days to harvest.
Similar to Hawaiian Supersweet #9. White in color.