Heifer International works to end hunger and poverty in partnership with the communities we serve. Their programs support entrepreneurs around the world, creating lasting change from the ground up. It begins with a seed investment of livestock or agriculture, followed by mentorship to help project participants build a business, and ultimately to gain access to supply chains and markets.
Families are able to earn a living income and continuously lift up their communities as they train the next generation of leaders. By supporting and training the world's farmers, ranchers, and female business owners, we're investing in a new breed of success.
--- Heifer International
The documents below are hosted here by permission from Heifer International.
10 ฉบับสำหรับการตีพิมพ์ครั้งนี้ (แสดงปัญหา - 1000)
Integrated Smallholder Dairy Farming Manual
A smallholder dairy farming system must be integrated into the total agricultural, social, and ecological system. The result, integrated smallholder farming, will enhance the total system. Disintegration is the result of these systems not interfacing together.
Dairying as an enterprise has got a place alongside other viable tools of poverty alleviation, besides creating job opportunities to jobless families in Tanzania.
Statistics from the ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development show that there are about 800,000 improved dairy cattle in Tanzania. This herd is producing about 2 billion liters of milk a year. This volume can double if farmers can adhere to the appropriate animal husbandry practices and if these volumes can access a stable and sustainable market.
The per capita milk consumption index in Tanzania stands at 45 litres per year. This index is very low when compared to the recommended by FAO of 200 litres per year.
Pig farming in Tanzania has primarily been for a long time of backyard and informal sector producers. However in order to secure both food and nutritional security to rural Tanzania households, there is a need of embracing integrated approaches in livestock farming.
Pig farming in Tanzania is increasingly becoming a profitable and lucrative business. This is because among other reasons pigs can be fed with a wide range of left overs from the catering industry and crop residues. With pigs around there is zero food waste.
For increased profitability management of pigs should be improved along lines of proper housing, disease control, feeding and breeding. This manual elucidates the appropriate pig husbandry techniques.
Goats are some of the most benefi cial animals in the world, providing meat, milk, fiber, fertilizer, and draft power in addition to working as partners in land reclamation. Widely known as the “poor man’s cow,” goats have some under-recognized advantages over other animals. They are readily adaptable, thriving in tropical, cold, dry or humid climates. Given their small stature compared to other livestock, goats can be raised on large or small land holdings. Furthermore, approximately two-thirds of the feed energy used to raise these animals comes from substances which are undesirable, indigestible and inedible by humans.
It is little wonder that goats were among the earliest domesticated animals; records in this regard date back 10,000 years to the Tigris-Euphrates Valley. This may be explained by the fact that goats have gentle temperaments, making them ideal household animals. When the cost of cattle-raising is prohibitive, goats cost very little, are ideal for family milk and meat production and can be easily sold for income. The milk and meat produced by one goat is the perfect balance: it is suffi cient to meet children’s nutritional requirements, without the storage problems associated with the larger supply produced by cattle. In warm climates where no refrigeration is available, the meat from one goat can be consumed by a family before it spoils. And as there are few religious taboos related to the consumption of goat meat and milk. Goat meat, dairy products or offspring can easily be sold for extra income.
Raising fish in ponds for food is called fish farming. It is very different from fishing in lakes, rivers and oceans because YOU, the farmer, are in control.