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Plant Fact Sheets about Fruits from Food Plants International.



  1. Some 3 billion people in the world live outside the cash economy in the world’s poorest nations. Food security and regular supply are their daily concerns. Chronic malnutrition is a leading cause of death and disease for them. Young children are amongst the most affected. One child every 5-10...
  2. Edible Portion:Kernels, Sap, Fruit, Nuts, Seeds, Cabbage, Young Leaves, Palm Heart, Oil, A single stemmed palm. It is spiny on the trunk. It grows 12 m tall. The trunk is stout and grey. It is 30 cm across. The leaves are feather like. They are 1-2 m long. The fronds are dark green but paler...
  3. Edible Portion: Leaves, Flower buds, Vegetable, Root, Fruit, Pods A branched shrub up to 2 m or more high. It has rounded twigs which are green and smooth. The leaves are simple, smoothand with 3 to 5 lobes. The leaves are large and can vary in shape. Normally the leaves are very dark green, but...
  4. Edible Portion:Flower Stalk, Seeds, Shoots, Drink, Sap, Pith, Vegetable A perennial plant up to 7.5 m tall and 2.5 m wide. It does not have a trunk and has suckers. The plants have a very sharp and tough spine at the tip of each leaf. The leaves are grey-green and occur in rings at the base....
  5. Edible Portion: Leaves, Caution, Vegetable, Seed, Stem A spreading clump forming annual herb. It grows up to 1 m high and spreads to 30-40 cm across. The leaves do not have leafstalks. The leaves have a green and white pattern. The leaves have deep irregular teeth along the edge. The flower has a...
  6. Edible Portion:Fruit, Shoots, Vegetable A perennial herb with a rosette of long, thick, spiky leaves up to 1 m high & spreading 1-1.5 m. The leaves are arranged inspirals. Some kinds have thorns along the edges of the leaves. The plant produces suckers both near the base of the stem andalso...
  7. Edible Portion:Fruit, Leaves, Vegetable It is a low bushy tree 8-10 m high. The leaves are long (14 cm) and narrow (4 cm). The leaves are thick and slightly shiny ontop. The flowers are large (2-3 cm), rounded and produced on short stems on the branches. They occur singly, or in groups ofthree....
  8. Edible Portion:Fruit A small tree up to 7.5 m tall. It has several branches near the base. Trees loose their leaves at some times of the year. Newshoots have short brown hairs but older wood is smooth and shiny. The leaves are long and spear shaped with short leaf stalks.Around the edge of the...
  9. Edible Portion: Fruit A bushy deciduous tree up to 6 m high. It has irregular spreading branches. The leaves are oblong and narrow, often 12 cmlong by 4 cm wide. The leaves have fine hairs underneath. The leaves are dull green and smell when crushed. The flowersdroop or hang from branches either...
  10. Edible Portion: Fruit, Seeds, Leaves, Flowers, Vegetable A large tree up to 20-26 m in height. The trunk can be 6 m tall before branching. The trunk can be up to 1 m across. It is an evergreen tree but can lose its leaves in dry weather. The leaves are large and vary in the amount the leaves are...
  11. Edible Portion:Fruit, Seeds, Leaves, Flowers, Vegetable An evergreen tree up to 20 m tall and in the breadfruit family. Trees form many branches but have one or two main trunks. The bark is smooth and dark green. Leaves of young trees have 1 or 2 lobes but mature leaves are long (15 cm) and...
  12. Edible Portion: Seeds, Fruit A tall palm. It grows 20 m high. The trunk can be 25-35 cm wide. The crown is nearly rounded. There are 15-19 leaves. Theleaves are 3.1-4 m long. There are regularly spaced leaflets. They grow in a single flat plane. The flowering stalk is borneamong the leaves. They...
  13. Edible Porion: Fruit, Flowers, Leaves, Spice A small evergreen tree up to 6-12 m high. The trunk of the tree is short and crooked and has branches near the base. The barkis smooth and dark grey. A leaf is made up of 2 to 11 leaflets with a leaflet at the end. The leaves are darker and more shiny...
  14. Edible Portion: Fruit A palm which forms clusters. The trunks are 8-10 m high and 12 cm across. The stems are dark. There are dark rings of longblack spines. There are 7-12 leaves. The leaves are 2.6 m long. They are covered with black spines. The spines on the leafstalk are in 3 rows. There are...
  15. Edible Portion: Fruit, Aril, Flowers - flavour, Caution, Leaves A small evergreen tree up to 9-13-20 m tall. It spreads to 3 m across. The stem is erect and branching. It has a spreading,open-textured crown. The leaves are dark green with 6, 8 or 10 curved leaflets. The flowers are greenish white...
  16. Edible Portion: Leaves, Oil, Seeds, Flowers A cabbage family herb. It is an annual plant. It grows 1.5 m tall. It usually has a strong taproot. The stem is erect. The leaveshave blue-green colour. The lower leaves have leaf stalks. The leaf blade is 5-20 cm long. The veins have some bristles. The...
  17. Edible Poriton: Male flowers A solitary palm. It grows 4-10 m high. The trunks are 10-20 cm across. There are 12-16 leaves. The leaves have leaflets alongthe stalk. These are regularly arranged and spread in the same plane. Both male and female flowers occur on the one plant.The flowering stalks...
  18. Edible Portion: Fruit, Seeds An evergreen tree up to 12-25 m high. It spreads 4-8 m across. The stem is erect but the branches hang down. Leaves aresmall, hairy, shiny and dark green on top and red/yellow underneath. Young parts of the plant are hairy, with soft silky rustcoloured hairs. The...
  19. Edible Portion:Fruit, Herb, Spice, Flowers A small evergreen tree with short spines. It grows to 7 m high and spreads to 3 m across. It branches freely. Young branchesare often reddish. Leaves are about 5-12 cm long. They are green and drawn out to a point, with notched edges. The leaf stalkis...
  20. Edible Portion:Fruit An artificial hybrid plant between a kumquat and a mandarin. The fruit tastes like a kumquat.
  21. Edible Portion: Fruit, Seeds, Leaves, Vegetable An annual climber with deeply divided leaves and tendrils along the vine. It trails over the ground and has hairy, angular stems.The leaves are on long leaf stalks. The leaves are deeply divided along their length. These lobe are rounded and can...
  22. Edible Portion: Leaves - Tea, Herb, Spice An evergreen tree up to 10-15 m high and with slender thorns. It spreads to 5 m across. The stem is stout and erect. It iscovered with smooth greyish-brown bark. The leaf stalks have broad wings. The leaves are glossy green, oval and 10 cm long.The leaves...
  23. Edible Portion: Fruit A shrub or small tree. It often lacks thorns. The leaves are thick and rigid and often folded lengthwise. They have many darkgreen oil glands. The leaves are small. The leaf stalks have narrow wings. The fruit are oval or almost round. The fruit is small,orange and sweet....
  24. Edible Portion:Fruit A small evergreen tree. It is thorny. It grows to about 4 m high. The leaves are simple and entire. They are up to 7 cm long.They have blunt tips. They are leathery. The flowers are white. The fruit are 3 cm across. They are smooth and shiny. Theyare divided into 4-7...
  25. Edible Portion: Fruit, Herb, Flavouring, Peel An evergreen shrub up to 4 m high. It spreads to 2 m across. The stem is slender and branching. It has a rounded crown. Ithas spiny branches and shiny oval leaves with pointed tips. The leaves are leathery. Flowers are white with 5 petals. Theyoccur...
  26. Edible Portion: Fruit A small evergreen tree. It is almost thornless. It grows 1.8-4.5 m high. The branches droop. The leaves have broad, flat-wingedleaf stalks. Young leaves are mauve. The flowers have a purple tinge and have a scent. They occur throughout the year. Thefruit is medium sized,...
  27. Edible Portion: Fruit, Herb, Spice, Leaves A small evergreen tree. It grows up to 3-5 m high and spreads to 2 m across. The stem is stout, erect and thorny. The leavesare green and 20 cm x 10 cm. The tree has fat spines. The leaves have teeth along the edge. The leaf stalk does not havewings. The...
  28. Edible Portion: Fruit, Leaves - Flavouring A spreading, spiny tree. It grows up to 15 m high. It is dome shaped. The leaves are very large. They are glossy and oval anddowny underneath. The leaf stalks have broad wings. Young shoots and stems have fine hairs on them. Flowers are large (2cm) and...
  29. Edible Portion:Fruit, Herb, Fruit Skin, Spice, Flowers An evergreen tree up to 8-10 m high. It spreads to 4 m across. The stem is short, stout and spiny. It has a dense, roundedcrown. The leaves are dark green, sword shaped and tapering towards the tip. They are 5-15 cm long. The leaves have a...
  30. Edible Portion: Leaves, Fruit, Tubers, Root, Vegetable, Seeds A pumpkin family plant. It is a climbing or trailing herb. It can climb 20 m high. It has single tendrils. It has long tuberous roots.The leaves are heart shaped, with the lobes towards the base in an angular shape. The leaves are 5-10...
  31. Edible Portion: Nuts, Sap, Cabbage, Nuts milk, Apple, Palm heart, Flowers A palm with an unbranched trunk. The trunk has ring-like leaf scars along it. At the base it is swollen and surrounded by a massof roots. They grow to about 25 m tall. Dwarf varieties have been produced. The fronds are 2-6...
  32. Edible Portion: Fruit, Seeds, Vegetable This is a small fruit tree or shrub in the tomato and tobacco family. It grows as a shrub with soft wood and it grows up to 4 m high. The stem is 5-10 cm across. It is brittle and shallow rooted. The leaves are large (25 cm x 12 cm) and soft. They are heart...
  33. Edible portion: Fruit, Leaves - Tea, Seeds A tree up to 12-40 m high with a low trunk and spreading branches. The tree has a rounded crown. It keeps its leaves throughout the year. The trunk can be 80 cm across. There can be buttresses 2 m tall. The bark is corky. The twigs have 5 faint grooves....
  34. Edible Portion: Fruit, Leaves - Tea, Seeds - Coffee A medium sized deciduous tree. It can be 30 m tall. In cultivation it is often only 6-9 m high. The bark is dark brown to black. Itcracks into small squares. The leaves are alternate. The leaves are oval and 12 cm long by 7.5 cm across. They are...
  35. Edible Portion: Fruit A medium sized shrub. It grows up to 10 m tall. It has many branches. The trunk is up to 20 cm thick. Young branches canhave spines. The bark is grey brown. There are many raised lenticels. The leaves are oval and slender. They are 2.5-9 cmlong by 2-5 cm wide. The edges of...
  36. Edible Portion: Fruit A natural hybrid between Diospyros abyssinica x Dovyalis hebecarpa. A large spreading shrub. It grows 7 m high. Thebranches are long and drooping. It has few thorns. The leaves are deep green and densely grouped together. They are 7.5-10cm long. The flowers are...
  37. Edible Portion: Fruit A spiny shrub. It grows up to 6-9 m tall. It has long straight spines on the trunk and branches. They are about 3 cm long. Thebark is white when young. The leaves are simple and carried one after another along the stem. The edges of the leaves rollback slightly. The leaves...
  38. Edible Portion: Seeds, Pods, Fruit, Vegetable A deciduous tree. It grows up to 30 m high. It has a large stocky trunk. It has small buttresses. The branches are heavy. Theleaves are twice divided and feather like. They are deep green and there are 24 pairs of small leaflets and 50 larger...
  39. Edible Portion:Fruit, Seeds - coffee A small evergreen tree up to 6-10 m high. It has a round crown. Leaves are large and strongly ribbed. They are 12-30 cm long and 8-10 cm wide. They are dark green and glossy on the upper surface and woolly white underneath. They are leathery with slight teeth....
  40. Edible Portion:Fruit A tree up to 15 m tall. It is a small compact tree. It is smaller in cooler areas (6m). The bark is grey. It has glossy leaves. Theyare opposite and oval to oblong. The leaves are 8-10 cm long and 3-5 cm wide. New leaves are a wine red colour. The leafstalks are 3-4 mm long....
  41. Edible Portion: Fruit, Seeds A tree. It grows up to 9 m tall and spreading about 5 m wide. The bark is mottled brown. It has glossy leaves. They are darkgreen above and pale green underneath. It is evergreen. The fruit are yellow and about 2.5 cm long. They contain 1 to 4 seeds.They have a rose...
  42. Edible Portion: Leaves, Fruit, Buds A fig. It is an evergreen tree. It can grow attached to other trees. It grows to 20 m high. The trunk can be 20-40 cm across.The branches droop. The bark is brownish grey. The leaves are oval narrowing to the tip. They are slightly crinkled. They are 7-18 cm...
  43. Edible Portion:Fruit, Vegetable, Tea A shrub or small tree. It grows 5-15 m high. The trunk is crooked and low branched and armed with scattered slender spines. The leaves are alternate, pointed at the base and rounded at the tip. The edges of the leaves toothed with rounded lobes. Leaves are...
  44. Edible Portion:Fruit, Leaves, Seeds-Fat, Skin Rind-Spice A tree. It grows 14 m high. The leaves are sword shaped and 13 cm long. Male and female flowers are separate. Male flowersare yellow and in groups of 3-4 in the axils of leaves. The female flowers are larger and in the axils of leaves near...
  45. Edible Portion: Fruit, Leaves, Gum A slow growing evergreen shrub. It can grow to 5-10 m high and spread to 5 m wide. It has a twisted trunk. Most branchescome out at right angles to the stem. The leaves are tough and leathery. They are 10-15 cm long and with white veins. Theyare glossy and dark...
  46. Edible Portion: Fruit A tree. It can grow 50 m tall. The trunk is straight and 1-1.2 m across. The base has buttresses. It can have stilt roots inflooded forest. The twigs are densely covered with grey hairs when young. The leaves are alternate and the leaf blade ispapery. They are broadly oval...
  47. Edible Poriton: Fruit, Seeds, Flowers, Vegetable, Stems A cactus which climbs. It has triangular stalks. Stalks can be 7 m long. It grows in soil and on rotting plant material. It has aerialroots enabling it to climb. The stems have joints and branched. The spine spots are spaced along the edge...
  48. Edible Portion: Pod Pulp, Fruit, Aril A medium to large tree. It can be 10-20 m high. The trunk is 35-40 cm wide. The leaves are compound. They are 10-25 cm cmlong. There are 4-6 pairs of leaflets. The flowers are near the ends of branches. The fruit is a long pod. It can be 1 m long and2.5-3 cm...
  49. Edible Portion: Seeds, Fruit, Bark, Flowers It is a tree which loses many leaves during the year. It grows 9-18 m high. The crown is rounded. The trunk is short and straightand about 80 cm across. It often branches from the base. The branches spread out and the secondary branches hang down.The...
  50. Edible Portion: Fruit, Aril A medium sized evergreen tree. It grows up to 15 m tall but can be 35 m tall. It has a dense round crown. The trunk is smoothand grey with brittle trunk and branches. The trunk can be 1 m across. Leaves are shiny and light green. The leaves arereddish when young. They...
  51. Edible Portion: Fruit A medium sized evergreen tree. It grows 20-25 m tall. The leaves are glossy and oval. They are 10-20 cm long by 5-10 cmwide. The leaves are thick and have many parallel veins. Trees may have male and female flowers or they can be on separatetrees. The flowers are showy and...
  52. Edible Portion: Leaves, Vegetable, Fruit, Spice A pumpkin family plant. It is a coarse vine up to 15 m long. It keeps growing from year to year. It has tuberous roots. It climbs by means of tendrils. It is slightly hairy. The leaves are 8 to 18 cm long, and 8-20 cm across and deeply 3 lobed and...
  53. Edible Portion: Fruit A woody climber with large leaves with natural holes. It attaches itself to trees by roots at the nodes and climbs up to 15-20 mhigh. The stem is stout and crooked. The have a few branches. The leaves are glossy green. The leaves are divided aroundthe edge. The leaves are...
  54. Edible Portion:Fruit, leaves A deciduous tree. It is a medium sized tree which grows 10-12 m high. The trunk is short and then branches widely. It has anextensive root system. The bark is dark brown. The young branches are hairy. The leaf stalk is 1.5-2.5 cm long. The leaf bladeis oval and 6-12...
  55. Edible Portion:Leaves, Fruit, Herb, Spice, Vegetable, Flowers A shrub 1-2 m high. It can grow 4-10 m high. It loses its leaves during the year. The trunk is slender and flexible. The leaveshave stalks. The leaves have leaflets along the stalk. These are alternate and have stalks. There are 11-15...
  56. Edible Portion: Fruit, Flowers, Leaves, Spice A shrub or small evergreen tree. It grows to 5 m high and spreads to 3 m across. The branches are grey and slender. Theleaves are alternate and scattered. The leaves are compound with 2-8 leaflets. Leaves are 8 to 15 cm long and smooth. Theleaflets...
  57. Edible Portion:Fruit A shrub or small tree. It grows 8 m tall. It can have several thin trunks. The fruit are small and yellow with a sweet pulp. Theyare 2 cm across. They have 2 seeds.
  58. Edible Portion: Fruit, Herb, Spice, Manna, Leaves, Oil A medium sized evergreen tree. It grows to 16 m high and can spread to 10 m wide. The trunk is often gnarled and twisted. Theleaves are greyish-green. They are feather shaped and grow opposite each other. Leaves are replaced every two or...
  59. Edible Portion: Fruit, Seeds, Stems, Vegetable A tree like cactus. It grows to 2-5 m tall. It has many branches. It is spreading and bluish-green. It has succulent pads. Thejoints are 20-40 cm long by 10-20 cm wide. The spines are 2-3 cm long. Spineless kinds also occur. The flowers are large and...
  60. Edible Portion: Fruit The flowers are large and pink and hang down. The fruit are banana like. It is a temperate plant. Tasmania Herbarium
  61. Edible Portion: Fruit, Vegetable A small to medium sized tree. It grows 8-10 m high. Trees can grow to 25 m high. The leaf stalk is 1.5-5 cm long. Leaves areentire, oval and 5-40 cm long. Flowers are greenish, small and on the ends of branches. Clusters of flowers may contain 200-300 flowers....
  62. Edible Portion: Fruit, Cabbage, Sap, Palm Heart, Flowers, Nuts-Oil A tall unbranched evergreen palm. It grows to 30 m high. The trunk can be 30-40 cm across. The trunk is covered with fibresand has the bases of old leaves along it. It produces suckers on the trunk and at the base. The fronds are...
  63. Edible parts -Fruit, Seeds, Leaves, Spice, Herb, Leaves - tea A medium sized tree. It grows 13-15 m tall. It keeps its leaves throughout the year. The bark is silver grey and has an aroma. Itpeels off in long strips. The wood is hard, durable and close grained. The leaves are dark green, shiny...
  64. Edible Portion: Cabbage, Fruit, Sap, Seeds - Coffee, Palm Heart, Vegetable, Bud A palm. It can be a stemless suckering bush or have a ring of suckers around the base. It often grows 3-6 m high but can be 10-25 m high. It can also be a many stemmed clump. The old stems hang over then curve upwards...
  65. Edible Portion: Fruit, Sap, Cabbage, Inner Stem, Shoots, Palm Heart A tall palm. It is unbranched up to 15 m high. The trunk is rough with persistent leaf bases. The trunk is 60-75 cm across. Thecrown is thick and half rounded to rounded. The leaves are grey-green or covered with a waxy layer....
  66. Edible Portion: Fruit, Leaves, Vegetable A medium sized tree. It grows up to 2-10 m tall. It loses its leaves during the year. The leaves are smooth and 20-40 cm longand divided. The leaflets are light green and rounded at the base and pointed at the tip. The leaflets are alternate and pointed at...
  67. Edible Portion: Flowers, Fruit A shrub 2-8 m tall. It has milky latex. The leaves are heavy with deep veins. They roll inwards. The flowers are large and white.They are fragrant.
  68. Edible Portion: Fruit A small palm. The trunk is slender and it grows about 2 m tall. It has a single trunk but forms clusters in the wild. The trunk is 10cm across. It is covered with old leaf bases. The fronds are dark green and arch over. They form a feathery crown. The lowerones hang down....
  69. Edible Portion: Fruit A medium sized tree 8-17 m high. It can spread 6-10 m across. It has many branches. The leaves are alternate. They areoblong or sword shaped. They are 25 cm long by 10 cm across. The fruit are round or oval and green. The pulp is bright yellow.There are some named cultivated...
  70. Fruit Edible parts -Fruit, Kernel, Seeds, Nuts A large tree. It grows 20-45 m tall. The trunk can be 1 m across. There can be buttresses. The branches are thick. There is adense covering of leaves. The leaves are oval or sword shaped. They are towards the ends of the branches. They are arrangedin...
  71. Edible Portion: Flowers, Flowers - Tea, Fruit, Seeds A deciduous shrub or small tree. It grows 2-8 m tall. It has an irregular shape. The leaves fall off during the year. The leavesgrow in spirals at the tips of the branches. They are smooth and broadly sword shaped and taper to both ends. The...
  72. Edible Portion: Fruit, Seeds, Leaves - flavouring, Sap A medium sized tree. It grows to 10-20 m high. It is spreading and loses its leaves during the year. The bark is silver grey andpeels in circular strips. The leaves are alternate. The leaves are bronze when they open, turn dark green then...
  73. Edible Portion:Fruit A small tree. It grows 3-4 m tall. The branches are angular and hairy. They are reddish. The leaves are papery and 4-10 cmlong. There are 8 pairs of secondary veins. The flowers occur singly. They are white and have a scent. The fruit are a mediumsize and yellow with soft...
  74. Edible Portion: Kernels, Fruit, Nuts, Vegetable, Leaves, Seed, Seeds - oil A shrub or tree. It grows 9 m high and spreads 6 m wide. It can be 15 m tall. It loses its leaves during the year. The crown isdense and rounded. The bark is grey and finely cracked. The leaves have leaflets along the...
  75. Edible Portion: Fruit An evergreen tree. Sometimes it loses its leaves for a short period. It can grow 30 m high. The trunk branches at the top. Theleaves are long and divided into leaflets along the stalk. There are 4-5 oval leaflets which taper to the tip. The flowers are smalland yellow-white....
  76. Edible Portion: Nuts, Cabbage, Fruit, Palm Heart A fan palm with a short trunk. Sometimes it is creeping or underground. It forms clumps and is prickly. The trunks are slim andcan be 3-6 m high. They are covered with fibres and leaf bases. The trunks can form branches, especially if the tip is...
  77. Edible Poriton:Fruit, Leaves, Vegetable Often a Golden apple tree grows to a large tree which can be up to 30 m high but is more often 15 m high in cultivation. It has atrunk 60 cm across which can have buttresses. The bark on the trunk of the tree is fairly smooth. The twigs break off easily.The...
  78. Edible Portion: Fruit, Seeds, Leaves A medium sized tree. It grows 20-30 m high. The trunk can be 0.5-2 m across. Branches start after 10-15 m. They arewidespread and sparse. The leaves are compound. They have leaflets along the stalk. The leaflets are in pairs with a leaflet atthe end. There are...
  79. Edible Portion: Fruit, Leaves, Seeds, Nuts, Root A medium sized tree. It grows 4-10 m high. It has an irregular trunk and broad crown. Often it is low and sprawling. It loses itsleaves during the year. The leaves are made up of 5-12 pairs of leaflets. The leaflets are 2-4 cm long and they fall...
  80. Edible Portion: Honey, Fruit A tall tree. It grows 40-60 m high. Large trees have big buttresses. The bark is grey with cracks along it. The crown is large andround. The leaves are compound with an even number of leaflets along the stalk. The leaves are bunched towards the ends ofthe branches....
  81. Edible Portion: Fruit, Palm Heart, Cabbage A tall robust palm. It has a single stem and feather leaves. It has a wide spreading crown due to dark green arching fronds buttheir is no crownshaft. Often there are a number of dead fronds hanging from the trunk. The trunk is grey and grows to 20 m...
  82. Edible Portion:Fruit, Leaves A medium sized evergreen tree. It grows 10-30 m tall. The stem is erect and branching. The leaves are opposite and smooth.They are shiny, leathery and somewhat oval shaped. The leaves are 4.5-16.5 cm long by 2-8 cm wide. The flowers are pink ornearly white and occur...
  83. Edible Portion: Fruit An evergreen bush. It grows to 6 m high in the humid tropics. The leaves are dark green and elongated. Forms with differentleaf types are known. The leaves are alternate. The leaves are simple and entire and clustered near the tips of branches. Theleaf blade can be 5-10 cm...
  84. Edible Portion: Fruit, Flowers An evergreen tree. It grows up to 7.5-15 m tall and with a spread of 4 m. It can be a small shrub. The stem is erect and 20-40cm across. The branches hang downwards. The bark is greyish-green. The young twigs are either flattened of somewhatsquare in cross section....
  85. Edible Portion: Fruit, Flowers, Leaves An evergreen tree 5 to 25 m tall. It spreads out to 4 m across. Trees tend to branch near the base. Leaves are simple, thick andleathery and shiny on both surfaces. They are large and oval. Leaves can be up to 25-30 cm long and 12 cm wide. The leaveshave a...
  86. Edible Portion: Fruit, Spice A woody climber. It grows 4-10 m long. It loses its leaves during the year. It can have long aerial roots. Old stems are fleshy.The leaf stalk is 5-15 cm long and the leaves are broadly oval to heart shaped and 6-13 cm long by 6-13 cm wide.
  87. Edible Portion: Fruit A small spiny shrub up to 7 m high with slender zigzag twigs. There are 2 spines near each leaf. The leaves have 3 leaflets andare small and dark green with slightly toothed edges. Flowers are in axils of leaves and are white and about 1 cm across. Thesmall berry is green...
  88. Edible Portion: Flower Buds, Fruit, Shoots, Leaves, Vegetable A shrub or small tree. It grows to 3-9 m high. The branches are armed with short, sharp prickles which curve inwards. Theyoung shoots have rusty hairs. The leaves are stalked. The leaves are 25-33 cm long. They are round and deeply...
  89. Vegetables Edible parts -Fruit, Flowers, Shoots A deciduous climber. It grows 4.5-6 m long. It can be grown as a ground cover. The leaves are in fused pairs 5-10 cm long.The flowers are creamy-white to yellow. They can have pink tints. The flowers are 5 cm long. They are cupped by the bluegreen...
  90. Edible portion: Fruit A small tree. It grows 4 m high. The trunk is 15-20 cm across. The new branches have a rusty colour. The leaves are alternate. They are 13-15 cm long by 3-4 cm wide. The flowers occur singly. They are near the ends of branches and are large. The fruit is compound. It is 8 cm...
  91. Edible portion:Fruit, Seeds, Nuts The tree starts out growing erect then develops a spreading habit with drooping branches. It grows between 5 to 18 m high. It is evergreen. It has large compound leaves shaped like the fingers on a hand. The 3-7 leaflets are long and smooth. They can be 12-15 cm...
  92. Edible Portion: Fruit, Flowers, Flower stalk, Stem The banana false stems usually have black marks on them. The canal of the leaf stalk is like an open drain. There are dry flapswhere the leaf stalk joins the false stem. The leaves are paddle shaped. These are diploid bananas. They can be seeded...
  93. Edible Portion: Fruit, Flowers A shrub. It grows 3-6 m high. It loses its leaves during the year. The bark is greyish brown. The winter buds are large. Incultivation plants are 1-2 m high. The leaves have stalks. The stalks are 1-1.5 cm long. The leaves are oval to sword shaped.They taper to the...
  94. Edible Portion: Fruit, Sap, Latex, Leaves, Gum A medium sized evergreen tree up to 18 m tall. It can grow to 30 m in tropical regions. The leaves are 8-12 cm long by 2-4 cmwide. The leaves are green and shiny. The leaves tend to be clustered in spirals near the ends of twigs. The flowers are...
  95. Edible portion:Fruit, Herb, Flavouring, Spice, Flowers A small evergreen tree up to 4-8 m tall. It spreads to 2 m across. The stem is erect, branching and thorny. The leaves are dark green, and long and narrow in shape. They are 3-4 cm long. There is only a narrow wing on the leaf stalk. It has a...
  96. Edible portion: Fruit Possibly a natural hybrid between mandarin and sweet orange. There are several named cultivated varieties. A subtropical plant.
  97. Edible Portion: Fruit, Seeds A medium sized tree up to 12-25 m high. It keeps its leaves throughout the year. Trees spread to 6 m wide. The leaves arealternate with leaflets opposite along the stalk. There are 5-7 pairs of leaflets. Each leaflet can be 20 cm long by 8 cm wide.The leaflet stalks...
  98. Edible portion: Fruit Natural and artificial hybrids between grapefruit and mandarin. A small evergreen tree. It is often a thinly branched shrub. It has an open habit. It grows 4-6 m high. There are thorns in the axils of leaves. The leaves are simple and leathery. They are smooth and shiny....
  99. Edible portion: Fruit A tree. It grows 6-13 m tall. The crown is small and open. The trunk is 30-50 cm across. The bark peels off. The leaves are simple and red when young. The leaves are narrow and 4-7 cm long. The flowers are white and occur singly in the axils of the leaves. The fruit is the...
  100. Edible Portion: Fruit A small evergreen tree or shrub. It grows up to 5-7 m high. It often has several trunks. The branches are spreading and often drooping. The leaves are opposite and oval to sword shaped. They are 2-8 cm long by 1-4 cm wide. They can be wavy along the edge. They are dark green...
  101. Edible portion: Fruit A tree. It can grow 50 m tall. The trunk is straight and 1-1.2 m across. The base has buttresses. It can have stilt roots in flooded forest. The twigs are densely covered with grey hairs when young. The leaves are alternate and the leaf blade is papery. They are broadly oval...
  102. Edible portions: Fruit, Leaves, Flowers - pistil A deciduous shrub or vine. It can be erect or spreading. It grows 3 m high. The branches are weak and arching. The side branches end in short leafless spines. It forms suckers freely. The leaves are oval and grey-green and taper to the tip. They...
  103. Edible portion:Leaves, Fruit, Flowers, Bark, Leaves - tea, Manna, Vegetable A small tree up to 9 m high but it can grow to 20 m tall. Often it is low and spreading. It has dark green toothed leaves. The leaves vary considerably in shape even on the one tree. They can be oval, heart shaped or 3...
  104. Edible Portion: Fruit, Flowers, Vegetable, Stalk, Corm, Root, Bud These are the main group of cultivated bananas. They can be classed into diploid, triploid and tetraploid kinds with variousamounts of the A or B parents. They grow 2-9 m high. They are large non woody herbs with broad long leaves....
  105. Edible Portion: Fruit, Seeds, Nuts, Leaves, Flowers, Vegetable An erect, branched evergreen tree. It can grow to 10-40 m high and is long lived. (Trees grown by vegetative means are smallerand more compact.) Trees spread to 15 m across. It has strong deep roots. The trunk is thick. The bark is...
  106. Edible portion: Fruit A small tree up to 5 m tall. Branches are brittle and easily broken. The leaves are dark green and shiny. They are long and have small hairs. These hairs can irritate the skin. Flowers are on short stalks and are pink to white with five petals. Flowers are mostly on old...
  107. Edible portion:Leaves, Fruit, Flowers A medium sized evergreen tree. It can grow 15-20 m high. The trunk can be 50 cm across. The trunk and branches are hollow. The leaves are large and have 7-9 lobes arranged like fingers on a hand. The leaves have lobes which are shield shaped. The leaves are...
  108. Edible portion: Fruit A shrub. It grows 4 m high. The fruit is a round berry 2-3 cm long by 1.6 cm wide. The fruit are green but turn yellow outside and black inside and are sweet. There are 2 rows of seeds It is a tropical plant. It suits the hot, wet tropical lowlands. It grows on sandy ridges...
  109. Edible portion: Fruit, Leaves A vigorous deciduous vine. It can grow to 30 m long. They have a tight non shedding bark. The shoots are warty and the tendrils are unbranched. The leaves have slight lobes. The leaves are 6-12 cm long with toothed edges. The leaves are dark green on top and greenish...
  110. Edible Portion: Fruit, Bark - drink, Kernel, Nuts, Seed An evergreen tree. It can lose its leaves. It often has buttresses. The bark is smooth and grey. It flakes off in thin strips. Itgrows to 25 m tall and spreads to 4 m across. It has a dense matted fibrous root system. The stem is erect and...
  111. Edible Portion: Fruit, Latex A shrub or small tree. It is sometimes 1-2 m high. In the rainforest it can grow 40 m high. It then often has buttresses. The barkis greyish brown and deeply cracked. The plant has lots of sticky white sap. The leaves are 7-21 cm long and usually swordshaped and...
  112. Edible portion:Fruit, Shoots, Vegetable A vigorous climbing palm. It has fairly stout, prickly stems. The stems climb with the aid of flagella. The leaf sheaths are woolly white. The leaves are spreading and pale green. They are about 1 m long. They are divided into many narrow leaflets. These...
  113. Edible portion : Fruit, Vegetable A small shrub up to 2 m high. It is hairy or thorny. The leaves are large (60 cm) and angular and hairy on both surfaces. They have thorns along the veins. Young leaves are purple. The flowers are pale violet and 2-4 cm across. The fruit are produced in clusters...
  114. Edible portions : Fruit, Leaves A small evergreen tree. It grows up to 6-10 m high. The leaves are 10-30 cm long and with leaflets along the stalk. There are 7 -15 pairs of leaflets which are 7-10 cm long. The flowers are in open flower stalk arrangements on the ends of branches. The fruit is...
  115. Edible Portion: Fruit, Seeds, Kernel A large evergreen tree. It grows up to 20 m tall. The trunk is smooth and pale grey. The inner bark is orange-brown. The crownis dense, round and compact. Trees are separately male and female. Where bisexual flowers occur these normally do not setfruit unless...
  116. Edible Portion: Fruit, Seeds A medium sized tree 10-20 m high with bright glossy leaves. Trees keep their leaves all year. Leaves are 15-25 cm long andleathery. Male and female flowers are on separate trees. Commercial trees only have female flowers. Male trees occur but arerare. Flowers are...
  117. Edible Portion: Fruit, Seeds, Leaves A large evergreen tree up to 30-50 m high and with buttresses. The bark is dark red-brown and rough and peels off irregularly.The leaves are alternate and oval. They are about 10 to 15 cm long and 3 to 5 cm wide. The upper surface is smooth and shinyand the...
  118. Edible portion:Fruit, Herb, Spice, Leaves - flavouring A small much branched evergreen tree. It grows up to 5-6 m tall with short sharp spines. It spreads to 3 m across. The leaves are small and dark green. There are narrow wings on the leaf stalk. The leaf blade is about 5 cm long by 3 cm wide...
  119. Edible Portion: Leaves, Fruit, Spice A low shrubby tree up to 6 or 8 m high. The trunk is thin and crooked. It has slender sharp thorns. The leaf petiole has verylarge lobes. The leaf is oval. The leaves can be 8-15 cm long by 3-5 cm wide including the leafy stalks. The leaves are darkgreen and...
  120. Edible portion:Flowers - oil, Fruit An evergreen tree. It grows to 25 m tall and spreads to 5 m wide. The stem is erect and the branches are weeping. The leaves are alternate and simple. They are 20 cm long and with wavy edges. They are oval and tapering. The flowers are bright green. They are...
  121. Edible portion:Roots, Leaves, Fruit, Seeds, Bark, Sprouts, Flowers, Vegetable A large tree. It grows up to 25 m tall. It loses its leaves during the year. The branches are thick, angular and spread out wide. The trunk is short and stout and can be 10-14 m around. Often the trunk has deep grooves...
  122. Edible portion: Fruit A tree up to 15 m high that branches near the base giving a spreading open tree. The leaves are smaller (25 cm x 10 cm) and more pointed than Malay apple and on short stalks. Flowers are about 3 cm wide and white. They are on leafy twigs. It produces clusters of attractive...
  123. Edible Portion:Fruit, Flowers, Leaves, Vegetable, Seeds - spice Pawpaw is one of the very well known fruits of the tropics. The straight soft stemmed plant grows up to 3-5 metres tall and only occasionally has branches. The stem is softly woody and has scars from fallen leaves along it. At the...
  124. Edible portion: Fruit A small deciduous tree up to 6 -10 m tall. In some locations trees keep their leaves throughout the year. It has a brown velvety tomentum on the under surface of the leaves. The leaves are 8-20 cm long and up to 10 cm wide. There is a single leaflet. The flowers occur either...
  125. Edible portion : Shoots, Leaves, Fruit A large herb. It grows 4 m tall. The flowering shoots are erect and 45 cm long. The flowers are green, yellow or orange. They have red or orange bracts around them. It is a tropical plant. It grows in the moist lowlands. Cairns Botanical Gardens.
  126. Fruit, Vegetable Edible parts -Fruit, Seeds, Spice, Vegetable, Flowers A shrub. It grows up to 2-6 m tall. It has short thorns. It can grow up to 10 m tall. Usually trees lose their leaves at one seasonduring the year. The trunk is covered by reddish-brown bark. Trees often sucker near the base....
  127. Edible portion : Fruit A medium sized evergreen tree. It grows to 5-13 m tall. The trunk is 15-20 cm across. It often has several stems. The bark peels off in patches. The leaves are opposite and small. They are dark green. They are 5 cm long by 2 cm wide. Flowers are produced on larger trunks...
  128. Edible Portion: Seeds, Leaves, Fruit, Sap A large evergreen tree. It grows to 25-30 m high. It has a dense wide crown of leaves. It has narrow buttresses. The bark isgrey. The leaves are simple and dark green. They are 17 cm long by 6 cm wide. There can be teeth along the edge and oftenthe edge...
  129. Edible portion:Seeds, Leaves, Fruit, Flowers, Flowers - tea, Gum, Vegetable A small tree up to 15- 20 m tall with long cracks in the bark. It is often a smaller tree about 3-5 m high. It is spiny and deciduous. Some kinds have thorns 5 cm long. The young branches are smooth and green. The bark is...
  130. Edible portion: Fruit A tree up to 8 m high. It can be 30 m high. It is evergreen and has an open crown. The branches are mostly horizontal. The leaves are oval but taper towards both ends. They can be 6-25 cm long by 2.5-8 cm wide. They are shiny and bright green. The leaves are clustered near...
  131. Edible portion : Fruit, Seeds, Leaves, - Seeds-oil, Flowers, Roots A small tree or shrub 8-10 m high. It is evergreen. It has smooth bark which is mottled. The bark peels off in smooth flakes. The plant branches close to the ground. The branches are four angled. Trees are shallow rooted. The...
  132. Ressource principale Edible Portion:Fruit, Seeds - Oil, Stem A small palm. It grows up to 5 m tall. It has 40-50 leaves. The trunk has a pattern from the old leaf stubs. The trunk is stout andwoody. The leaves hang over and are blue-green. They are 1.3-2 m long and the leaflets form a V shape. Along the edge of the...
  133. Edible portion:Fruit, Leaves, Seeds A medium sized tree. It is thorny. It loses many of its leaves during the year. It grows up to 10-12 m high. The bark is grey, brown or pale red. Branches and the under surface of the leaves are densely hairy when young. The thorns arise from the base of the...
  134. Edible portion : Fruit, Flowers, Spice A small evergreen tree up to 7-10 m high. It can spread 3 m across. The stem is erect and short. Leaves are large. Leaves have from 5 to 17 or 34 pairs of leaflets. Leaves are pale green. The leaves are often clustered near the branch tips. Flowers are...
  135. Edible Portion:Fruit A small shrub or tree. It grows 1-8 m high. The trunk is 2-10 cm across. It has an appearance like a strawberry guava tree. Theleaves are opposite and simple. They are 8-10 cm long by 4-6 cm wide. The flowering stalks have 1-3 flowers. The flower stalkis 1-1.5 cm long and...
  136. Edible portion : Fruit A small tree. It grows 5-8 m high. It grows 10-15 m high in forest. The crown is oval. The trunk is 30-40 cm across. The bark is thin and peels off. The leaves are simple and opposite. They have short leaf stalks. They are 5-9 cm long by 2-3 cm wide. The flowers occur...
  137. Edible portion : Fruit A small tree. The leaves are dark and glossy with a hard spiny tip. The fruit are small and yellow. They have a white slightly sweet pulp. There are 1 or 2 large seeds. A tropical plant. It is cold hardy down to 0C. It can tolerate salty conditions. It suits lime soils.
  138. Edible Portion: Fruit A medium sized shrub or small tree. It often has several stems and grows up to 2-3 m high. It can be up to 12 m high and 1-3 macross. The bark is brown and cracked. The new shoots are angular. The stems are spiny. The leaves are 1-5 cm long by 0.2-0.4 cm wide. They are...
  139. Edible portion:Leaves - Colouring, Fruit A large tree. It grows 25-50 m tall. The trunk is 1 m across. It can have slight buttresses. It is open with many branches. It loses some leaves during the year. The leaves are oval and have a rough surface. They can be 60 cm long. The flowers are in large...
  140. Edible Portion: Leaves, Fruit, Flowers, Vegetable An annual plant. It can keep groing for some years. The leaves are dark green and glossy. The leaf stalk is not well defined as the leaf blade runs down into the stalk. Leaves are generally not very hairy. The flowers are purple or sometimes...
  141. Edible Portion: Fruit A citrus relative. The tree is 5-8 m tall. The leaves are large (18 cm x 6 cm) and simple. Young leaves have lobes. The leavesare more thin and papery than other citrus. The leaves taper towards the tip and have notched edges. The leaf stalks are shortand without wings. It...
  142. Edible Portion: Fruit A small evergreen tree. It has spines. It grows 3-4 m high. The leaves are thin and slightly leathery. They are smooth, andshiny on the upper surface. They are 4-8 cm long. The leaf stalk is 2-4 cm long and has wings. The flowers can occur singly orin small groups in the...
  143. Edible portion: Fruit, Kernel, Nuts A tree up to 8 m high. It can be 30 m high. It is evergreen and has an open crown. The branches are mostly horizontal. The leaves are oval but taper towards both ends. They can be 6-25 cm long by 2.5-8 cm wide. They are shiny and bright green. The leaves are...
  144. Edible Portion: Leaves, Fruit, Spice A creeper with an erect stem. It is 50 cm high. The creeper or vine can be 10 m long. There are very fine powdery hairs whenyoung. The leaves are finer and more tender than Piper betel. They are brighter green with distinct veins. The leaf stalk is 2-5cm long....
  145. Edible portion:Fruit, Seeds - oil A small deciduous tree. It can grow to 13 m tall. It has drooping branches. There are thorns on the branches. The plant sends up thorny suckers often at a distance from the tree. These need to be cut off. They can be used for rootstock for grafting. The leaves...
  146. Edible Portion: Seeds, Fruit, Leaves, Flower Petals, Tea A small deciduous tree. It grows 2-20 m tall. The trunk is bent and has many branches. The branches are spreading. The barkis greyish-brown and peels off in flakes. The leaves are pale green and feathery. New leaves are pinkish. The leaves...
  147. Edible Portion: Fruit, Leaves, Flowers An evergreen tree. It grows 10-15 m tall. The trunk is 20-30 cm across. The branches have velvety hairs pressed against them.The leaves are broadly sword shaped and taper to a very short tip. The leaves are oval and 10-20 cm long by 4-9 cm wide. Theleaf...
  148. Edible Portion: Fruit An erect tree. It grows 5-12 m tall. It can be 30 m tall. It has yellow latex. The leaves are simple and opposite and narrowly oval.. The leaf blades are 8-25 cm long by 3-9 cm wide. The flowers are clustered in the axils of the leaves. They are greenish white. The fruit are...
  149. Edible portion:Fruit, Aril, Pods, Seeds, Seeds - oil A shrub or small tree. It grows up to 10 m tall but can be 15-25 m tall. The trunk can be 50-60 cm across. There are many branches. The branches are spiny. These are in pairs and are 4-10 mm long. The young leaves are usually reddish. The...
  150. Edible portion : Stem, Flowers, Fruit, Buds, Seeds, Roots A large herb. It grows 3-10 m tall. It keeps growing from year to year by re-growing new stalks from the underground root stock. The leaves are green and 3 m long. The flowers are purple. The fruit are pale yellow. They are 3 sided and 8...
  151. Edible Portion: Fruit A vigorous trailing bramble. This is a cross between a raspberry and probably a dewberry. The vine looses its leaves during the year. Plants are self fertile. The fruit is a berry. It is long and red but matures to a purple-black. The berry is larger than a Youngberry and...
  152. Edible portion: Fruit A grape vine. The leaves may not have lobes or can have 3-5 lobes. They are green above and hairy underneath. They have shallow teeth. The flowers are in a dense panicle. The are 5-15 cm across. It is a temperate plant. In Canada it grows in dry woods.
  153. Edible Portion:Seeds, Nuts, Cabbage, Fruit, Palm Heart, Sap, Vegetable, Seeds - Oil An unbranched palm with a stout erect stem. The stem is rough due to the leaf bases which remain attached. It grows to 20-30m tall. The trunk is about 75 cm across. The crown consists of about 40 open leaves....
  154. Edible Portion: Shoots, Palm Heart, Cabbage, Fruit A rattan or vine. It forms dense clumps. It can be climbing and 25 m long. The stems can be 6 cm across. The leaf sheaths areyellowish green with brown to red hairs. The leafy stalks are 3 m long. There are 55-100 narrow leaflets on each side....
  155. Edible Portion: Fruit A shrub which keeps its leaves all year round. It grows about 2-4 m tall. It is spiny. The leaves are a narrow oval shape. Theytaper sharply at both ends. The leaf stalks have wings. The flowers are white, short and broad. The fruit are a flattened roundshape. They are 1-2...
  156. Edible Portion: Fruit A small tree or shrub. It grows to 10 m tall. It forms a dense cone shaped crown. The leaves are in pairs and have wavy edges.They are simple and rich green. They are 10 cm long. They taper to the base. The flowers are yellow and showy. They are inlong racemes. The petals...
  157. Edible Portion:Pods, Seeds, Leaves, Fruit, Bark, Vegetable, Flowers, It is a leafy shrub or a spreading tree. It loses its leaves during the year. It can grow to 12 m tall. The leaves are broad and lobed. The bark is rough and brown. The leaves are simple and can be 20 cm across. The tip of the...
  158. Edible portion: Fruit, Leaves - Tea A small tree up to 5-7.5 m high. It is often a much smaller shrub. Branches often develop close to the ground. The branches are thin and wiry. It has attractive oval and pointed leaves. They are dark green and shiny. The leaves are 2.5-6 cm long by 1.5-3 cm...
  159. Ressource principale Edible Portion:Fruit, Spice The plant grows 1-5 m high. It can be grown in a pot as a small plant. The plants have thorns and the leaves are long andnarrow and do not have a citrus smell. The flowers are white and have a smell. They appear in clusters of 1-5. The fruit areround and 2.5 cm across....
  160. Edible Portin:Fruit, Herb Probably a natural hybrid between sweet orange and pomelo. A medium sized evergreen tree up to 10-15 m high. They spread5 m across. The stem is stout and crooked. The branches hang down giving a rounded crown. The thorns are small. Theleaves are dark shiny green and...
  161. Edible portion: Fruit A medium sized tree. The crown is rounded and the tree is evergreen. It grows 10-26 m high. The bark is black. The leaves are glossy and dark green. They are 10-15 cm long. The flowers are of one sex and are yellowish green. The female flowers occur singly and the male...
  162. Edible Portion: Fruit, Leaves - Tea, Seeds - Coffee A tree up to 12 m high which loses its leaves each year. The branches tend to hang over and they have a dense covering ofleaves. Leaves are long and pointed (10 x 6 cm). The leaves are dark green and shiny on top and lighter under. Young leaves...
  163. Edible Portion: Fruit, Leaves, Seeds, Spice An evergreen tree. It grows 12-15 m tall. It spread to 4 m across. It has a dark green round crown of compound leaves. Thesealmost hide the trunk. The trunk is short, erect and thick. The leaves are leathery. The tree flowers in autumn. Male and female...
  164. Edible Portion: Fruit, Herb, Spice, Leaves - Flavouring A small much branched evergreen tree. It grows up to 5-6 m tall with short sharp spines. It spreads to 3 m across. The leavesare small and dark green. There are narrow wings on the leaf stalk. The leaf blade is about 5 cm long by 3 cm wide...
  165. Edible Portion:Fruit An evergreen tree. It grows 8-15 m high. It can spread 5-15 m across. It has a dense rounded crown. The trunk is smooth andpale grey. The inner bark is orange. The leaves have leaflets along the stalk. The leaves are 10-20 cm long with 2-6 pairs ofopposite leaflets. The...
  166. Edible Portion: Fruit, Vegetable A large woody vine. It loses its leaves during the year. The leaves are large and heart shaped. They are 20 cm long. Male andfemale flowers occur on separate plants. The flowers are cream and scented. The fruit are brown and fuzzy. They have greenflesh and black...
  167. Edible Portion: Fruit, Bark - Spice A tree. It grows 12 m high. The trunk is smooth and light coloured. There or four branches develop from a swelling on the stem.The leaf stalks are 1-3 cm long. The leaf blades are oblong and 10-20 cm long by 3-8 cm wide. The flowers are in a looselybranched...
  168. Edible Portion:Fruit, Leaves Condiment, Spice, Vegetable A medium sized tree. It loses its leaves. It grows to 3-6-12 m tall and spreads 2 m across. The stem is erect and thorny. Theleaves are green and with 3 leaflets and generally sword shaped. They are aromatic. The flowers are...
  169. Edible Portion:Leaves, Vegetable, Seeds, Fruit, Nectar, Flowers An annual herb about 0.5 m high. It is mostly low lying. The leaves are round or kidney shaped and 2-5 cm across. They haveshallow lobes and a wavy edge. There are fine teeth around the edge. The flowers are pale lilac with darker...
  170. Edible Portion: Fruit, Seeds, Leaves, Stems A scrambling shrub or vine. The stem is strong and woody. It branches freely. It can climb to 20 m high. The plant is erect andshrub like when young. The twigs have soft brown hairs when young. The leaves are opposite and oblong. They have heartshaped...
  171. Edible portion:Fruit, Flowers, Leaves - flavouring A fig. It is a low spreading deciduous tree with large leaves. It can grow to 10 m high. Trees are widely spreading with many branches. It has milky sap. The small branches are straight and strong. The leaves spread out like fingers on a hand...
  172. Edible Portion: Fruit An evergreen cluster palm tree. It grows 10 m high and spreads 4 m wide. The stems are erect and slender. They are coveredwith persistent sheaths and leaf stalks. The leaf stalks have thorns along the edge. The leaves are pale green and 90 cm long.The flowering shoots are...
  173. Edible Portion: Fruit, Flowers, Vegetable A small spreading tree. It can grow to 3-5 m tall and spread to 5 m wide. The bark is pale grey. The branches are swollen at thenodes. The stems are thin, flexible and with white felted shoots. The leaves are 5-8 cm long with shiny bluish green on the...
  174. Edible Portion: Fruits Probably a natural hybrid of Citrus reticulata and Fortunella sp. A small citrus tree. It is 2-8 m tall. It is slightly thorny. Theleaves are smaller than most citrus. They are 4-7 cm long. They are evergreen and alternate. They are broadly oval and darkgreen and glossy on...
  175. Edible Portion: Cabbage, Fruit, Palm Heart, Vegetable An single stemmed, evergreen palm. It grows to 30 m high and spreads 5-10 m wide. The stem is erect and smooth. It is white.It is stout and unbranched. The trunk is usually thickened near the base and in the middle before thinning towards the...
  176. EdiblePortion:Fruit A small evergreen shrub. It grows up to 5 m tall. It branches densely and has many forked spines. They are usually in pairs atthe top of shoots. The branches are smooth and light brown. branches exude milky latex when cut. The leaves are producedopposite one another. They are...
  177. Edible Portion: Fruit, Flower Shoots, Cabbage, Palm Heart, Vegetable, Seed A tall slender palm with thorny trunk and suckers at the base. It often has between 1 and 13 stems. The stems are straight andun-branched. They are 6-24 m tall, 12-26 cm in diameter, with nodes 2-9 cm long and internodes...
  178. Edible Portion: Fruit A small deciduous tree. It grows to 7-8 m tall. It has 2 kinds of leaf. One is the broadly oval smooth leaf with a leaf stalk. Theothers are like round bracts without a leaf stalk and these fall off. These grow at the base of the small branches. Under theleaves, fruit and...
  179. Edible parts -Fruit, Leaves, Vegetable A shrub which loses some of its leaves during the year. It can be spiny. It grows 4-5 m tall and can be 9 m tall. It has a largerounded crown. There can be one or several trunks. The branches can be flexible or stiff and smooth or hairy. The brancheshave...
  180. Edible parts -Leaves, Fruit, Vegetable A deciduous tree. It can be 8-14 m tall. It has a heavy rounded crown. The trunk is clear. It can be 1 m across. The bark ispale brown or grey white. It has long cracks along it and the ridges are sticky. The base of old trees has scales. The leavesoccur...
  181. Edible parts -Leaves, Bark, Fruit, Vegetable A shrub or small tree. It loses its leaves during the year. It grows 6 m tall. The crown is broad and dense. It has pricklyprocesses on the trunk. The leaves are 6-20 cm long. There are 2-5 leaflets. The leaflet blades are 3-7 cm long by 1-3 cm wide....
  182. Edible parts -Leaves, Fruit, Vegetable A tree. It grows 10-15 m high. The bark is smooth. The branches are soft. The leaves are compound and divided 2-3 times.The flowers have a sweet scent. They are white and occur in loose flower arrangements. The fruit are long pods. The fruit areyellow when...
  183. Edible parts -Fruit, Seeds, Caution, Leaves A small or medium sized tree. It grows up to 13 m high. The trunk is straight. The bark is smooth and green or yellow, andpowdery. The small branches are stout and smooth and also powdery. They are often twisted and hang downwards. Theleaves are simple...
  184. Edible parts -Fruit, Flowers, Nuts, Seeds, Seeds - oil, Vegetable A deciduous tree. A compact tree which loses its leaves during the year. It grows to 15-25 m tall and has a spreading crown.The trunk is short and stout and can be 2 m across. The bark is corky. The bark is dark with cracks making...
  185. Edible parts:Fruit, Seeds - coffee, Leaves A shrub or small tree. It grows up to 9 m tall. It has many sharp thorns. It has spreading and often drooping branches. Thetrunk is often crooked. The leaves are simple and alternate. They are shiny and have 3 veins from the base. The leaves are 2.5-8 cm...
  186. Edible parts:Nuts, Fruit, Kernel, Seed - oil A large evergreen tree. It grows to 50 m high. The trunk is 1.5 m across. It has buttresses. The branches have a cottonycovering. The leaves are alternate and simple. They are 5-10 cm long by 2.5-5 cm wide. The flowers are pink and white. Theyhave a...
  187. Edible parts:Fruit, Gum, Leaves A tree. It grows 12-18 m tall. It usually loses its leaves during the year. The branches are spreading. The crown is dense andround. The leaves are simple and nearly opposite. They are dark green above and paler underneath. They are 2.5-10 cm longand 8 cm wide....
  188. Edible portions:Fruit, Seeds, Vegetable, Leaves A pumpkin family plant. It is an annual plant. It grows to 0.5 m tall and spreads to 1.5 m wide. The stems are trailing and hairy.The tendrils are curled and do not branch. The leaves have 3 lobes and are heart shaped. The edges of the leaves have...
  189. Edible portions:Leaves, Seeds, Vegetable, Fruit An annual herb. It is upright, branching, and slightly woody. Plants vary in height, shape, leafiness and hairiness. Plants grownfor leaves are usually only 30 cm tall. They also have many branches. Leaves are shiny and have leaf stalks. The leaves...
  190. Edible parts -Fruit, Roots - spice, Flowers, Leaves A shrub or small tree. It grows up to 1.5-5 m tall. It has green straggly branches. There are many spines 10-40 mm long. Thespines are simple. The leaves are opposite one another. They have short stalks. The leaves are leathery and widest below...
  191. Edible parts -Fruit, Leaves, Seeds, Flowers, Vegetable A pumpkin family plant. It is a creeping vine with tendrils. It is an annual plant. The stems are soft and round in cross section.The leaves are large and hang loose. They are dark green and kidney shaped. The edges of the leaves are entire....
  192. Edible parts -Leaves, Flowers, Bark, Fruit, Nectar, Vegetable, Root A shrub or tree. It is straggling in form and almost a climber. It grows up to 7 m tall. The bark is fibrous. The leaves are 8-17 cmlong by 2.5-8.5 cm wide. The leaves are grey green on top. They are lighter underneath, and...
  193. Edible portions: Fruit A shrub. It grows 3 m tall. The leaves are broadly oval and 10 cm long. There are teeth along the edge. The base is roundedbut can be wedge shaped. There can be some fine hairs underneath. The flowers are white or yellow. They are in groups in theaxils or leaves or at the...
  194. Edible parts -Fruit, Flower buds, Leaves A shrubby tree which looses its leaves during the year. It grows to 2-6 m high. The bark is grey and smooth. The young stemsare hairy and orange. The older bark becomes thick and folded. It peels off to expose paler patches. The leaves are oval and...
  195. Edible portion :Fruit, Seeds, Shoots, Flowers, Oil, Leaves, Resin, Gum, Nectar, A small evergreen tree. It grows up to 6-15 m high. It is spiny. It produces a rounded crown of tangled thorny branches. The bark is dark brown or grey and has patterns on it. It becomes corky and cracked with age....
  196. Edible parts - Fruit, Spice An evergreen shrub. It grows 5 m tall. It is thorny. It can be climbing. The leaves are narrowly oval and leathery and have softhairs. The flowers are white and have a scent. They are in groups at the ends of branches. The fruit are red berries. They areabout 1 cm...
  197. Edible parts -Leaves, Fruit, Herb, Spice, Vegetable It is a shrubby perennial plant about 1 m tall. The leaves are smaller than round capsicums or bell peppers. Two or more flowersoccur together in the axils of leaves. They have small pointed fruit about 1-2 cm long and they are red when ripe....
  198. Edible parts -Fruit, Cabbage, Sap, Seeds, Palm heart, Vegetable, Young roots, Seedling A solitary fan palm. It grows up to 25 m tall. It has separate male and female trees. The trunk is bottle shaped and smooth.Older trees have a swelling on the trunk above the middle which helps distinguish it...
  199. Edible parts:Fruit, Bark - tea, Seeds, Roots It is a medium sized evergreen tree. It grows 15-30 m tall. This tree varies a lot. The trunk is broad and fluted. The bark isrough, greyish white and flaky. It produces a red watery sap if cut. The young branches are four sided. The branches tend to...
  200. Edible parts:Kernels, Fruit pulp, Nuts, Seeds, Leaves - medicine, Seeds - oil The leaves are simple and oblong. They are 4-11 cm long by 2-5 cm wide. They narrow towards the base. The upper surfaceis shiny dark green and the lower surface is dull and covered with felt. The veins are conspicuous...
  201. Edible parts:Fruit, Seeds, Leaves A shrub or small deciduous tree. It grows to 3 or 4.5 m tall. It can be 7 m tall. It has a smooth grey trunk. The bark becomesrough with age. The branches are short and stout. They are soft and covered with red hair when young. The leaves are lightgreen and...
  202. Edible parts - Fruit, Buds A shrub or small tree. The small branches are hairy when young. The leaves are oval and can have lobes. There are teethalong the edge. The leaves are 4-12 cm long by 3-9 cm wide. Male and female flowers are often on separate branches. Thefruit are black when ripe. It is...
  203. Edible parts:Fruit, Seeds, Nuts, Leaves, Kernel A deciduous tree. It grows 10-18 m tall. It has a thick trunk and light rounded crown. The trunk isstraight and 1 m across. The branches are large. The twigs are sturdy with blunt tips. The bark is greybut turns black with age. It is thick and...
  204. Edible parts:Fruit, Leaves A shrub or small tree. It can grow to 15 m tall. The crown can be round and spreading or drooping. The bark is pale and flaky.The young twigs are covered with red hairs. The leaves are simple, large and without teeth. They can be 2.5-15 cm long and 1.9-10 cm wide. The...
  205. Edible parts:Fruit, Leaves, Seeds, Roots, Vegetable A herb. It is a pumpkin family plant. It is a vigorously growing climber that can last for several years. The vine can be up to 15 mlong. It has strong tendrils which can attach to fences and trees so that the plant can climb well. The choko...
  206. Edible parts:Aril, Seeds, Fruit, Seeds - oil A large tree. It is evergreen. It grows 8-20 m high. The crown is round and widespreading. The leaves have 4-5 pairs of leaflets and one at the end. They are oblong and 12 cm long by 5.5 cm wide. They are dark green and glossy above and have short...
  207. Edible parts:Nuts, Fruit, Kernel, Seed - oil A large evergreen tree. It grows to 50 m high. The trunk is 1.5 m across. It has buttresses. The branches have a cottonycovering. The leaves are alternate and simple. They are 5-10 cm long by 2.5-5 cm wide. The flowers are pink and white. Theyhave a...
  208. Edible parts:Fruit, Seed, Ash - salt A shrub or tree. It grows up to 6 m tall. It often has many branches from the base. The leaves have 3-5 leaflets. The leaveshave long stalks but the leaflets are stalkless. The leaflets radiate from one point and the end one is the largest. The leaflets are7.5...
  209. Edible parts:Fruit, Roots, Leaves, Bark, Seed A deciduous tree. It grows up to 21 m tall. It has a wide leafy crown. The trunk is grey-brown. It is smooth when young butrough when older. The twigs are knobbly and covered with small scattered raised brown dots. The leaves are simple and slightly...
  210. Edible parts:Fruit, Leaves, Roots, Bark, Vegetable A fig. This tree varies in form. It can be a small tree up to 6 m tall in dry places or a large spreading tree up to 12-24 m tall inforest. It normally loses its leaves for a short period. The bark is smooth and brownish grey. It has a thick...
  211. Edible parts -Fruit, Seeds, Leaves, Vegetable An evergreen tree. It grows up to 15-20 m tall. It can grow to 45 m tall in forests. It has a dense wide spreading round crown.The trunk sometimes has buttresses. Young branches have soft hairs. The bark is dark grey. The bark is smooth in young trees...
  212. Edible portions: Fruit A shrub or small tree It grows to 8 m tall. It has many spines. Young stems can be very hairy. The bark is grey or brown. It issmooth at first but then becomes rough and cracked along its length. The young twigs are covered with fine red hairs. Theleaves are simple and...
  213. Edible portions:Fruit, Leaves, Seeds, Oil, Root bark - tea A small tree or spiny shrub about 3-4 m high. It has spines about 1 cm long which are thin and straight. The leaves andbranches are without hairs. The leaves are alternate, oval and about 2-4 cm long. The leaves are bluish green. The...
  214. Edible portions:Seeds, Leaves, Fruit, Bark, Vegetable An evergreen shrub or small tree. It grows 4-6 metres high. It has many branches forming a rambling habit. The stems are crooked and can grow along the ground. The branches are drooping and twisted. They are slender and greenish white. The...
  215. Edible parts:Fruit, Stems - flavouring A medium sized evergreen tree. It grows to 8-15 m high. The trunk sometimes has buttresses. The crown of the tree isrounded. The bark is dark brown and rough with cracks along its length. The small branches are angular and the edges of themis winged. The...
  216. Edible parts -Leaves, Seeds, Pods, Fruit, Flowers, Seeds - oil, Bark, Gum, Vegetable A herb. It can grow from seed each year or keep growing from year to year. It grows up to 3.5 m high. It has a few sharpspines. The leaf stalk is 6-20 cm long. The leaf blade has 2 forms. The leaves lower on the...
  217. Edible parts:Fruit, Seeds, Flowers - nectar It is a large tree. It grows up to 22 m tall. The trunk can be 1.2 m across. The branches spread widely. The bark is greyishbrown and has furrows along it. The leaves are divided once. They are 25 cm long with about 9-12 pairs of leaflets with one atthe...
  218. Edible parts: Fruit A small tree. It grows 5-6 m high. It can be 13 m high. It has a rounded crown. The bark is dark grey and rough. The leavesare scattered or clustered at the tips of branches. They are oval and 11 cm long by 11 cm wide. They are thickly leathery. Theupper surface is dark green...
  219. Edible portions:Fruit, Seeds, Leaves, Flowers, Spice, Vegetable A large spreading tree up to 24 m tall. It has a broad dense evergreen crown. In dry areas the tree can lose its leaves. Thetrunk can be 1 m across. The bark is rough and grey with a checkered pattern. The leaves are carried one...
  220. Edible portions:Fruit, Leaves - tea, Vegetable, Flowers A small tree or shrub. It grows up to 3-8 m tall. It is often a shrub with many stems. The young branches are covered with softhairs. The leaves are oval or sword shaped. They are smooth above and white below. The have fine teeth along the...
  221. Edible portions:Fruit A shrub or small tree. It grows 7 m tall. Young plant parts are hairy. The leaves are oval or wedge shaped and 5-8 cm long by 3cm wide. They are rough above and hairy underneath. Male and female flowers are on separate plants. The fruit are oval andorange and 13 mm long by 8...