Common Bean Varieties
Phaseolus vulgaris is a vining (indeterminate) or bush-type (pseudo-determinate) herbaceous annual. Vining types are perennial and reach 2-5 m in length. Bush-types are annuals and reach heights of 20-60 cm. Pubescent leaves are trifoliate, present alternately on the stem, and range from green to purple in color. Inflorescence can reach 15-35 cm in length and bear white-to-purple flowers. Green or yellow pods reach lengths of 20 cm, can be straight or curved, and contain 4-12 seeds each. Seeds are kidney-shaped, and can be one of many colors: white, red, green, brown, purple, black, or speckled.
‘Contender’ is grown mainly as a green bean but beans may be eaten dry. It takes 55 days to maturity with pods averaging 16cm in length. It is resistant to powdery mildew and bean mosaic virus.
‘Tio Canela’ is a small, red-seeded variety, harvested as a dry bean at 4-5 months after planting. This variety is noted for its resistance to bean golden yellow mosaic virus.
Quick producing pole variety from NE India that produces pods about 12 cm (5 in) in length with dark brown seeds.
Edible mature seed and young pod, thick reddish pod with large white/pink spotted beans, similar with kahsi variety
Similar looking to other varieties, but fruit is a dark red and green color and is a smaller size.
Bhutanese variety. Similar looking to other varieties, but fruit is slightly larger. Prolific producer.
From NE India. Produces tender, sweet pods about 12 cm (5 in) in length. Seeds are brown with a distinctive swirled pattern.
Similar to naga variety, thin pod with white bean, beans occur in pairs