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The occurrence and spread of an animal health threat can be prevented when a timely assessment of the risk is carried out to inform prevention, response and control measures. These technical guidelines on rapid risk assessment (RRA) are designed as a simple and practical tool to be used by veterinary services to build risk assessment capacities and assist decision-makers in conducting qualitative RRA on the emergence, occurrence and/or spread of animal health threats. Using available evidence, data and information, a multidisciplinary team can conduct an RRA in a short time (within two weeks).

The publication provides a simple and flexible methodology for conducting a RRA when facing a disease event. Eight steps in the RRA process are described and detailed examples are provided. The final outcomes of the RRA provide robust evidence and guidance for decision-makers in designing timely prevention, control and eradication measures that contribute to sustainable livelihoods, animal health, public health and enhanced food security.