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Dairying as an enterprise has got a place alongside other viable tools of poverty alleviation, besides creating job opportunities to jobless families in Tanzania.

Statistics from the ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development show that there are about 800,000 improved dairy cattle in Tanzania. This herd is producing about 2 billion liters of milk a year. This volume can double if farmers can adhere to the appropriate animal husbandry practices and if these volumes can access a stable and sustainable market.

The per capita milk consumption index in Tanzania stands at 45 litres per year. This index is very low when compared to the recommended by FAO of 200 litres per year.