Culantro (Eryngium foetidum) is often confused with, or substituted for, cilantro (Coriandrum sativum L.; also called coriander). To add to the confusion, culantro has as many common names as countries of use:
|Common name||Language or Country|
|longleaf or spiny coriander, sawtooth herb||English|
|shado beni or bhandhania||Trinidad and Tobago|
|culantro de pata||Honduras|
|culantro coyote||Costa Rica|
|coentro do pará||Brazil|
|pak chi farang||Thailand|
Culantro is in the Apiaceae family, which includes carrot, parsley, celery, and parsnip. Like many of the plants in this family, culantro has a biennial life cycle. Its natural habitat is the moist, shaded floors of tropical forests. When cultivated, it does best in fertile soil, planted in the shade and watered abundantly. Full sun, high temperatures, and long day length will end foliage production and initiate flowering and seed production, known as bolting. Preventing bolting is the key to longer production of the leafy cooking ingredient. Culantro is planted from seed and takes three weeks or more to germinate. The leaves form a basal rosette and should be picked when 30 cm long and 4 cm wide (Figure 15). As the season progresses and flowering begins, the emerging flower stalks should be plucked off to promote vegetative growth. Culantro is relatively pest and disease free.
Culantro is commonly used in chutneys, curries, soups, and meat and noodle dishes in Asia. Sofrito, a common spice mixture added to many recipes throughout Latin America, consists of culantro, garlic, onion, sweet peppers, tomatoes, salt, and pepper. Culantro’s nutritional benefits include high levels of vitamins A, B2, B1, and C; it is also a rich source of calcium and iron. Culantro is used medicinally to reduce fevers (including from malaria), to relieve pneumonia symptoms, to reduce inflammation, and to relieve pain. The leaves and roots are boiled in water and used as a tea.
Ramcharan, C. 1999. Culantro: A Much Utilized, Little Understood Herb. Perspectives on New Crops and New Uses 506–509.
WorldCrops. 2018. Culantro. WorldCrops. 2018.