The issue in front of you is the outcome of this process. It starts with some theoretical reflections relating to controversies and endogenous development. Then practical examples of controversies and ways of dealing with them are presented within four major themes: traditional leadership and governance, gender, traditional agriculture, and traditional health practices.
All human societies have a variety of ways of dealing with controversies, both latent and open, which are based on their own cosmovision and culture. Technological, social, ecological, economic or cultural change often lies at the basis of controversies. The authors of this issue present experiences of how they have dealt with these controversies. We hope they will be of use for learning, dialogue and debate. Readers are invited to present further ideas and experiences on dealing with controversies in development issues.