Abstract, Xprize, 2011
In 2000, more than 1.6 million deaths worldwide were caused by indoor air pollution (IAP), making it the second largest environmental contributor to poor health. Most developing countries use open fires or dirty solid fuel (wood or coal) burning stoves, which causes IAP and subsequently health problems and fatalities. For example, 70 percent of Indian households depend on these dirty stoves, and between 400,000 and 550,000 Indians die yearly from IAP. Outdoor air pollution (OAP) is also affected by these current conditions. Our team developed an inexpensive cleaner burning wood stove with the explicit purpose of reducing IAP/OAP and saving lives. Our design features a well-insulated fire path which will reduce black carbon emission by greater than 60 percent. We will also increase heat transfer to our pot in many ways, and utilize properly calibrated intake and exhaust systems to reduce fuel consumption by 50 percent.