Onion (Allium cepa) cultivation in Zambia dates back to more than 50 years ago. It belongs to the lily family, the same family as garlic, leeks, chives, scallions and shallots. It is a culinary ‘must use’ for Zambian diets and more than 10 million kg is consumed annually. There are over 600 species of Allium, distributed all over Europe, North America, Africa and Asia. The plants can be used as ornaments, vegetables, spices, or as medicine. There are over 120 different documented uses of the Alliums. This article aims to provide preliminary information on the cultivation, harvest and post-harvest of onions for profitable onion production.