La construcción con sacos de tierra (a veces llamados sacos de arena) es algo viejo y nuevo. Los sacos de arena se han utilizado durante mucho tiempo, especialmente por los militares, para crear barreras protectoras fuertes o para el control de inundaciones. Las mismas razones que las hacen útiles para estas aplicaciones se trasladan a la creación de viviendas. Dado que las paredes son tan sólidas, resisten todo tipo de clima severo (o incluso balas) y también resisten calamidades naturales como terremotos e inundaciones. Se pueden montar de forma sencilla y rápida con componentes de fácil disponibilidad, por muy poco dinero.

La construcción con sacos de tierra ocupa un nicho único en la búsqueda de una arquitectura sostenible. Los sacos se pueden llenar con materiales naturales locales, lo que reduce la energía incorporada comúnmente asociada con la fabricación y el transporte de materiales de construcción. El material de relleno es generalmente de composición mineral y no está sujeto a descomposición (incluso cuando está húmedo), es atractivo para las alimañas o quemable... en otras palabras, es extremadamente duradero. El material de relleno generalmente no es tóxico y no liberará gases nocivos al edificio.

--earthbagbuilding.com



  1. Recurso clave
    29/6/2020 En el trabajo de desarrollo agrícola la conservación de la semilla en un tema de importancia, y ECHO ha publicado muchos artículos sobre varios aspectos de técnicas para el almacenamiento de semilla, tecnologías apropiadas, e intercambio de semillas. ECHOcommunity.org alberga varios recursos...
  2. Recurso clave This document presents key steps the ECHO Asia staffused to build an Earth Bag Seed Storage House on the new ECHO Asia Small Farm Resource Center in Thailand.
  3. Recurso clave Introduction Given the proper facilities necessary to store seeds long-term, whereby low temperature and low humidity are kept stable over time, it is very possible to store most orthodox seeds for several years at a time in the tropics (Harrington, 1972). Unfortunately, implementation and...
  4. 24/7/2019 Patrick Trail, miembro del personal de ECHO Asia, recopiló unaguía de fotografías para construir casas de sacos de tierra para el almacenamiento de semillas en Asia. Las casas de sacos de tierra han sido usadas por múltiples bancos de semillas en Asia como una alternativa para estructuras...
  5. 29/6/2020 Download TN#96(PDF) Read TN#96 online Seed storage in the tropics has been a frequent topic of ECHO publications and trainings due to its importance to the smallholder farmer. Access to quality seeds is imperative for agronomic and horticultural crop production. While on-farm seed saving benefits...
  6. In addition to lateral support, buttresses (as well as curves) follow criteria for determining their height to width ratio. For every foot (30 cm) of wall height, add six inches (15 cm) of width to the wall, either as total thickness, or as a curve or buttress. In other words, theheight to width...
  7. This photo slideshow is a supplement toTechnical Note96: Earthbag Seed Banks.
  8. Abstract,Earth and Environmental Science, 2018 The inspiration and concept for the Superadobe system originates not from the modern architecture design experience, but from the influence of traditional rural buildings and landscape, together with a 13th century Persian poet named Jala Ad-Din...
  9. 1/3/1998 Cob (an old English word for lump) is old-fashioned concrete, made out of a mixture of clay, sand, and straw. Becky Bee's manual is a friendly guide to making your own earth structure, with chapters on design, foundations, floors, windows and doors, finishes, and of course, making glorious cob....
  10. ECHO Asia, in collaboration with Ntuk Nti small farm resource center and International Cooperation Cambodia (ICC), has just finished a 1-year research project (funded by the Presbyterian Hunger Program- USA) to identify key indigenous vegetable crop species in NE Cambodia and strengthen the seed...
  11. Building with earthbags (sometimes called sandbags) is both old and new. Sandbags have long been used, particularly by the military, for creating strong, protective barriers, or for flood control. The same reasons that make them useful for these applications carry over to creating housing. Since...
  12. Roundhouses are perhaps the simplest, fastest, easiest earthbag structure to build. We’re extremely pleased with the results, especially in terms of strength and cost. This is one of the strongest structures I’ve ever worked on in my 30-plus year construction career. The main impression is one of...
  13. For those who don’t know, earthbag building uses polypropylene rice bags or feed bags filled with soil or insulation that are stacked like masonry and tamped flat. Barbed wire between courses keeps bags from slipping and adds tensile strength. The final plastered walls look just like adobe...
  14. 20/1/2004 Building with earthbags is gutsy. Gutsy because only the brave take up a construction method so different from the conventional. Gutsy because people build homes with this technique when they’ve just learned it. Gutsy because the materials are basic, elemental, primal. And gutsy, indeed, because...
  15. Abstract, Nepal Engineers' Association Technical Journal, 2015 Earthbag technology is an inexpensive, simple and sustainable method for building structures. Having evolved from military bunker construction and flood control methods, Earthbag buildings are notable for their ability to endure fire,...

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