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This study analyses the costs and benefits of organic growers' group certification at two levels:  the farmers' organization and the farmer.  Case studies were chosen based on criteria that included undertaking organic certification with an internal control system and exporting organic rice to European countries.  The two selected cases are the Top Organic Products and Supplies Company (TOPS) Limited (with 133 farmers) and the Bak Ruea Farmer Organization (BRFO)(with 200 farmers).  

Publication Details

  • Publisher: FAO
  • Dewey Decimal: 338.162
  • ECHO Library: 338.162 SAN