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With an increasing interest in the use of refrigerants with a low global warming potential (GWP), engineers are looking to nature’s refrigerant – R-718, better known by its chemical formula, H2O.

Evaporative cooling is not a new concept; its use in buildings can be traced back thousands of years. However, renewed interest is spurring innovation in evaporative-cooling technologies. This article will discuss some of these and their applications, with a focus on direct and indirect evaporative cooling