This article is the fourth and final segment of ECHO's Integrated Pest Management (IPM) series focusing on insect pests. The first three articles about pest prevention [http://edn.link/prevent], monitoring [http://edn.link/ipm2], and control [http://edn.link/ipm3] are available on ECHOcommunity.org. This article will focus on evaluating pest management strategies and assessing which ones to include and prioritize for future implementation.
This article is an outworking of ECHO research in Limpopo Province of South Africa, from 2010-2015, supported by the Howard G. Buffett Foundation. It summarizes findings published in a scientific journal by Motis et al. (2017). The original article can be found at https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1158.11. An author-created draft of the full paper is available on ECHOcommunity.org [http://edn.link/9nkm2y]. This EDN article expands on the findings of the research to include insights about establishing and maintaining moringa plantings.
Where we live in Northern Tanzania, it is common to see fields prepped and planted year after year with little to no harvest. The ground does not yield as it did for previous generations, and many farmers we talk to cannot explain why. Agroforestry systems have the potential to improve crop production by rehabilitating the soil, increasing water retention, and reversing the effects of erosion.
Consider growing kale if you are looking for a nutritious, leafy vegetable that you can easily incorporate into your garden and eat in a variety of ways. Kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala) is in the same family of plants as cabbage, broccoli, and collards. Kale is a low-calorie food high in essential minerals (Thavarajah et al., 2016) and vitamins (Šamec et al., 2018).