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Abstract, International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 2018

Parthenium hysterophorus perennial North American weed and known for its harmful effects. It also has the other name like carrot weed, congress grass and one of the ten feared noxious weed species in the world. It is harmful to all the living beings as it causes various serious problems like asthma, bronchitis, dermatitis, and hay fever in human and other mammalians and it has approximately devastated all the main crops and plants by reducing the availability of nutrients and other through competing with the crop. So far, attempts of developing effective control measure have not yielded any success. Not even a single indigenous insect species has proved successful in spite of occurrence and infestation by many species. Management options for parthenium include chemical, grazing management, physical and biological methods (Dhileepan, 2009). As it has the high generation and massive seed production capability makes it very hazardous in many ways to the human and other mammalians.