Abstract, Front. Plant Sci. , 2016 May

Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) was first domesticated in Andean countries over 7000 years ago. Following the Spanish conquest, quinoa was rejected as “Indian food.” After centuries of neglect, the potential of quinoa was rediscovered during the second half of the 20th century. Since then, the number of countries importing quinoa increased, with new producers appearing on the map and quinoa now being cultivated in areas outside the Andean countries. The geographical increase in distribution of quinoa has highlighted the difficulty of access to quality seed, which is a key factor for testing the crop outside the Andes. In this context, research partnerships have helped promote the exchange of quinoa germplasm and have allowed trials to be undertaken in non-traditional areas of cultivation. The number of countries growing the crop has increased rapidly from eight in 1980, to 40 in 2010, and to 75 in 2014. A further 20 countries have sown quinoa for the first time in 2015. In this paper, we analyze this trend and discuss the limits of quinoa’s expansion. As commercial production of quinoa is expected to develop, changes in international regulatory frameworks on genetic resources are needed in order to facilitate plant breeding for the most adaptive varieties for each region.

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  1. Quinoa is a broad-leaved annual crop for cool seasons and higher altitudes in the tropics. The grain is a nutritious pseudo-cereal which is eaten boiled, toasted or ground into flour, and the leaves are eaten fresh or cooked.
  2. 1983-02-19 Quinoa, (Chenopodium quinoa) Wild., was a staple of the ancient Incas and is still an important grain crop in Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru.
  3. 1994-10-19 Information regarding Quinoa.
  4. Abstract,Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences, 2016 Chenopodium quinoaWilld, known asquinoa, has been cultivated and consumed by humans for the last 5,000-7,000 years. Quinoa was important to pre-Columbian Andean civilizations, as the Incas considered it a gift from their gods. Quinoa has...
  5. Abstract,Front. Plant Sci., 2016 May Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoaWilld.) was first domesticated in Andean countries over 7000 years ago. Following the Spanish conquest, quinoa was rejected as “Indian food.” After centuries of neglect, the potential of quinoa was rediscovered during the second half...
  6. Abstract,American Journal of Research Communication, 2017 January A rapid population growth rate couples with a diverse climate change, both associated to food and nutrition insecurity in Tanzania, calls upon a need to adopt and utilize more nutritious and stress tolerant food crop varieties....
  7. Abstract, 2018,Crop and Pasture Science Agronomic and seed-quality traits in 17 quinoa (Chenopodium quinoaWilld.) accessions grouped according to seed colour (i.e. ochre and yellow) were investigated and compared with the white commercial cultivar Regalona-Baer. These accessions were previously...
  8. 2016-01-20 Because of the protein content of their seeds, grain legumes, pseudocereals and other minor crops are attractive candidates to satisfy the growing demand for plant protein production worldwide for food and feed. Despite their high value, many protein crops have not been adequately assessed and...
  9. 2013-10-20 Quinoa was a staple food of the Quechua and Aymara peoples in the Andes region of South America; today it is mainly grown in Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador. Because of its high nutritional value, quinoa is called chisiya, meaning ‘mother grain’ in the Quechua language. Quinoa is known for its great...
  10. Abstract, Academic Journals, 2017 The standard germination tests have been commonly used on commercial grain crops, such as soybean, field beans, rice and maize. However, there are no standard tests for potential new crops; quinoa being one of them. This work is aimed at evaluating the effect of...
  11. Abstract, Frontiers in Science, 2016 Chenopodium quinoaWilld., a high quality grain crop, is resistant to abiotic stresses (drought, cold, and salt) and offers an optimal source of protein. Quinoa represents a symbol of crop genetic diversity across the Andean region. In recent years, this crop...
  12. Abstract,Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences, 2016 Chenopodium quinoa Willd, known as quinoa, has been cultivated and consumed by humans for the last 5,000-7,000 years. Quinoa was important to pre-Columbian Andean civilizations, as the Incas considered it a gift from their gods. Quinoa has...
  13. Abstract, Sustainability, 2018 Due to an increase in international demand, quinoa production has boomed tremendously in the Andes since the early 2010s. This has led to significant investments into developing improved varieties for large-scale agribusinesses, but breeding programs are not...
  14. Abstract,Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 2015 Climate change is rapidly degrading the conditions of crop production. For instance, increasing salinization and aridity is forecasted to increase in most parts of the world. As a consequence, new stress-tolerant species and genotypes must be...
  15. Abstract,International Journal of the Commons, 2018 The sharp increase in the price and production of quinoa between 1990 and 2014 has had important impacts in Bolivia’s southern Altiplano region, previously considered one of the poorest regions in the country. The socio-economic status of most...
  16. Abstract,Crop and Pasture Science, 2015 Field experiments were set up in order to evaluate the yield response of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoaWilld. cv. Titicaca) to irrigation with saline and fresh water under Mediterranean climate from 2010 to 2012 in Adana, Turkey. Irrigation treatments in 2010...